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In this note a simple extension of the complex algebra to higher dimension is proposed. Using the proposed algebra a two dimensional Dirac equation is formulated and its solution is calculated. It is found that there is a sub-algebra where the associative nature can be recovered.

The physical motivation of a generalized quantum mechanics is that, although the low-energy effective theories governing the strong, electroweak, and gravitational interactions of elementary particles are believed to be described by local complex quantum field theories, attempts to construct an underlying unifying theory within the same framework have run into difficulties. Perhaps a successful unification of the fundamental forces will require one or more new ingredients at the conceptual level. One possibility, is to sacrifice the assumption of locality or of “point” particles, as is done in string theories. A second possibility, which motivates the present work, is that a successful unification of the fundamental forces will require a generalization beyond complex quantum mechanics [1-3]. The purpose, in the present paper, is to give a description of an algebra which can be used in a possible extension of the local complex quantum field theories. Also, a considerable emphasis is placed on the development of two dimensional Dirac equation. A number of interesting and characteristic features of the non associative algebra will be seen to emerge.

To determine the allowed structure of the algebra that can be used for a generalized quantum mechanics, Adler [

The’s are elements of a general finite dimensional algebra over the real numbers with unit element, of the form

where are real numbers and the are basis elements of the algebra, obeying the multiplication law

with real-number structure constants. By using the Albert theorem [

The proposed approach, is to generalize C algebra to the so-called Generalized-C (GC) algebra which is finitedimensional non division algebra^{1} containing the real numbers R as a sub-algebra and has the following properties:

A general q number in GC can be written as

where

and the imaginary GC units, i, j are defined by

The addition of q_{1} and q_{2} in GC defined by

is associative

The multiplication defined by is non-associative under multiplication that is (q_{1} q_{2}) q_{3} ≠ q_{1} (q_{2} q_{3}).

The norm of an element q in GC is defined by

with the GC conjugate q given by

.

By using the previous properties of the GC, a generalization of the Euler formula to three dimension can be found. For a q in the GC, one can find the following formula

where a =, b =, c = and R, Θ, φ∈R, are the distance from the origin, the polar and the azimuthal angle in the three dimension Euler space, respectively.

The commutativity and the non associativity of the multiplication law gives

It is essential to notify as we mention previously, that there exist a sub-algebra of GC where the probability is preserved in quantum mechanics. In this sub-algebra if we assume that the azimuthal phase φ is constant, then the GC will be an associative and division sub-algebra. We call the found sub-algebra as special GC (SGC). Hence any two numbers in this sub-algebra q_{1} and q_{2} in this sub-algebra can be written as

where the phase is a free parameter that can be determined from physical properties. Also, in this sub-algebra, the product of two elements have a physical meaning that is a rotation in the Euler space

This article does an ab initio development of the Dirac formalism in two dimension using the proposed Generalized-C. We know that, in C, the Dirac’s equation is often given by

which involves iC and thus forces the first decision point in transitioning to another mathematical algebra. For clarity, to avoid the explicit use of i, the most general form (c = ħ = 1) of Dirac’s equation is

To recover the Klein-Gordon equation

the following conditions must hold

where μ ≠ ν and μ, ν = x, y, z, t. Equation (6) can be rewritten as^{2}

by defining

this avoids the explicit use of an imaginary scalar. Using the following Dirac matrices that take into account i, j symmetry, satisfying (8)

in Equation(9) we obtain

The solution to this equation in 1 + 1 dimension, x, t, is given by

where as usual p represent the “momentum”, is the “energy” and N is a normalization factor. The ratio of is shown in

We have developed an algebra that extend quantum theory to new class of theories based on the non associative algebra. Also, we have found a two dimensional representation of the Dirac wave function in the non associative algebra. We believe that such algebra merit to be explored in more physical problem.