Vol.3, No.10, 889-894 (2011) Natural Science
Copyright © 2011 SciRes. OPEN ACCESS
The division and bending of green and red
semiconductor laser light at the same time*
Remzi Yildirim
Department of Computer, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey; remzi@gazi.edu.tr, remzi1963@gmail.com
Received 19 August 2011; revised 21 September 2011; accepted 30 September 2011.
In this experimental study, the laser light was
split and bended using a specially designed
glass lenses at the same time. This process has
been done at the atmospheric pressure and room
temperature conditions. During the experiments,
the semiconductor laser as a source of green
and red laser diode is used. In addition, polari-
zation, magnetic field, electric field or any other
auxiliary materials and systems which affect
laser light are not used to bend the laser light.
Only transparent glass lenses that are designed
specially are used in the experimental study.
Keywords: Laser; Bending; Curve; Bending of
Light; Bending of Laser Light
The first studies about the light are based on spatial
connection and movement reciprocally. This idea led re-
searchers to create many theories. Aristotle and Copernican
had the idea that world revolve around the sun. After that,
the Kepler, Galileo, Descartes, Huygen and Newton had
theories. New theories of relativity do not only include
relativity principals, also they have the principle of the
kinematics. These are based on the dynamic relationship
between the theories have emerged. They are regularly
in the Newton’s mechanical laws of motion of mechani-
cal systems has been a revolution in science is an axis
placement. Later in the 19th electromagnetism century,
the emergence of a new era opened in physics. In the
nineteenth century to the light and the waves opened a
new era on the play-warranted. In light of these studies,
theories began to emerge about the speed of light is
variable. Lorenz and Poincare in 1905 related to the study
of relativity reached satisfactory results. This affected
the outcomes in the same way and as a result of me-
chanical and optic revealed the real coordinate system.
Then the Maxwell equations electromagnetisms descri-
bed the same bi-grass. This work was also included in
the speed of light. In the same period, Einstein, the
Lorentz transformation based on the theory of relativity
combined with the speed of light. As a result, cases have
emerged electrodynamics. Into the Minkowski space-
time in 1907, and this expression has developed a
generalized Pythagorean and simply. Planck theorem of
relativity, Laue, Lewis, Tolman, and other scientists
contributed. Einstein’s theory of relativity in 1915 by
re-editing has been added to the theory of gravity. There
are many theory of relativity. Maxwell’s equations,
electric and magnetic field forces, laws and developed
force showed the effect of small masses. In addition, the
effect of gravitational force, masses were simply the
effect of gravity. After an analysis of Newton’s gravita-
tional 20th more detailed studies of space activities
began in the early start of the century. In particular the
magnetic field strength, electric field forces, and electro-
magnetic waves were investigated in more depth. In
addition, the force of gravity or the gravitational forces
of the impact of small and large particles were deter-
mined theoretically. Maxwell’s electromagnetic field
equations and the forces of positive and negative can be
determined and will not be unipolar. 18. Towards the end
of the century was known as the finite speed of light.
However, in relation to this issue no connection no
mathematical equation. During this period, the particle
model of light are discussed, debated are affected by
gravity. Bending of light in relation to the Cavendish in
1794 did serious work on the subject and the detailed
work of Soldner 1804 published with the speed of light.
In this work the influence of gravity in Newton’s theories
merged and a pulse rate and bending of light was calcu-
lated. Any bending of light to the sun may be a hyper-
bolic theories developed in proportion to the distance.
Other alternative view of the Newtonian mechanics, the
mass of potential energy per unit based on the exchange
of opinions has emerged [1].
Bending of light is related to the work of Einstein in
1911, reviewing the “On the Influence of Gravitation on
*Note: The study details of the lenses are not given, because it is in the
rocess of patent. For more picture: http://w3.gazi.edu.tr/~remzi
R. Yildirim / Natural Science 3 (2011) 889-894
Copyright © 2011 SciRes. OPEN ACCESS
the Propagation of Light”, published the article. This is
the work of errors in 1915 and became a theory of general
relativity finished or defined as the theory of relativity.
Later the study of light passing through the holes in the
back scattering of land as a result of the light 3 m
diameter spiral-shaped bent theory has emerged. That is
a very large gravity rays passing close to a certain extent
bending emerged. In subsequent years, the photon model
of light on the theories related to the bending of light
produced by studies. The theory of relativity theory in 2004
and 1919 studies VBLI interferometer experimentally
verified with very little error [1].
Schwarzschild coordinate system works by establish-
ing their own land known as the de-adhered with the
expansion of the white holes worked. The white holes in
the universe may be a result of these studies, the idea
emerged that the anti-truck. Developed the theory that
the holes in the light into bending spiral [1].
In recent years the theory of quantum classical light
Feynman revealed variable and related theorems un-
explained parts brought a new openness in theory is
developed. These studies provided above, Kevin Brown,
“Reflections on Relativity” published by MathPages-
2010 are different theories about the behavior of light in
his work.
In the linear and homogeny environments, Snell equi-
tation was provided, considering the geometric optic.
The theorems of the linear and nonlinear light are pro-
vided in the references [1-6].
Guided bend the laser beam in the magnetic field in
1985, C. A. Frost, S. L. Shope, R. B. Miller, G. T.
Leifeste and C. E. Crist. IEEE Transaction on Nuclear
Science, Vol. NS-32, No. 5 October Article was pub-
lished in 1985, was carried out.
Some of the existing theories of physics can be counted
as; quantum mechanics, quantum electrodynamics, chro-
ma-quantum electrodynamics, K and M models, super-
symmetry, superstring, anti-symmetry, Higgs model,
symmetry breaking, the weak and strong nuclear field
models [7-20].
In this study, the following pictures were taken using a
transparent glass lens in the atmospheric pressure and
room conditions. The special environment (laboratory)
was not established when these pictures were taken.
Bending was carried out at the experiment owing to the
lenses used in laser light. We have named the “BENDING”
as this behavior of Laser light. This term is not used in a
very specific purpose. This is only a name that given to
the event.
The experiment has been tested at the room tem-
perature and normal atmospheric pressure. Laser source
is used as the source of the two species. They are green
and red laser with output power of 1… 5 mW, with two
standard AAA 1.5 V alkaline dry battery-operated hood
“CLASS III” semiconductor laser diode sources. These
laser sources which are not commercially traded elec-
tronic components. For this reason, laser diode sources
are not produced by a very specific purpose.
Also a method has been developed to be seen the
bending. This method is named as a method of briefly
“RY”. In this method, the laser light source, the lens is
turned 90 degrees to the direction of the light reflected to
the flat surface after the bending seen in the shape of the
light is provided. The images in the article have been
taken with a digital camera by RY method. These
pictures were obtained by using different lenses and lens
arrays. The distance between the laser source and the
optical lens is a range between 4 - 400 mm and the
distance between optical lens and the plane of rotation of
the reflector is 4500 mm.
The following Figures 1 and 2 were obtained using a
red laser source. Using a single laser source and a single
lens in the form of bending the bow bent to the left in
Figure 1. Also using the same single source to be larger
than the right and left small two different opposite
process of bending and laser light was split into two in
Figure 2. These two-piece lenses were used for the
bending process. The different sizes request is possible to
perform bending.
In Figure 3, the green semiconductor laser diode
using the process of bending and laser light was split
into two. One one-piece lens to divide the laser source
was used. Laser light is divided in two opposite directions,
and bending was the only lens.
Figure 1. The red laser light bending to the left with one-piece
R. Yildirim / Natural Science 3 (2011) 889-894
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Figure 2. The red laser light deflected to the left to right with
two lens.
Figure 3. The green laser light using a single lens and the right-
left split into two opposite bending.
Figures 4 and 5 were obtained by using the same laser
source. The number used is the one source. However, the
number of lenses used in Figures 4 and 5 for 3 to 5
pieces of the lens used. Thus, the laser light from a
single source is divided into three and five. At the same
time, divided-light flat (center) and right-left bending
process performed the same lenses. Laser light is only
possible to bend to the right or left. Theoretically, the
number of the laser light splitting can be increased until
the distance between the adjacent the laser beams be-
come zero. Splitting and bending should be-used in the
lenses of the same features.
Figure 6 is also different from the red laser diodes
using a lens from a single source laser beam bent in the
form of parabola. Bending process used for the single
lens. Figure 7 also is obtained by using the same lens
from the green laser source; laser light was bent in the
form of corner roundness.
Figure 8 is also used in the 6 - 7 one-piece lens in the
picture by using the green laser source-adjusted, were
obtained from the bending of the laser beam. Laser light
was bending as part of the oval shape.
Figure 4. The green laser light is divided into three three-piece
lens with a flat and right-left bending of light.
Figure 5. The green laser light lens, five, five, by dividing the
straight and right-left bending.
Figure 6. One-piece lens with the red laser light bending in a
R. Yildirim / Natural Science 3 (2011) 889-894
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Figure 7. The green laser light deflected corner with one-piece
Figure 8. Obtained from a single laser source with an oval
piece of green laser light and a single-piece lens.
Figures 9 - 10 are also one of the green laser light
source as a bent part of the circle. Figure 10 also using
the same lens has been bent in the form of various parts
of the circle. Single lens is used for bending operations.
Figure 11 is also obtained from a single laser light
source, green laser, were obtained using two different
lenses. The laser light is divided into 4 parts, where the
two laser light bending in the opposite direction, one
right and the right part are obtained. It was carried out as
part of the spread of laser light. Thus, preventing the
spread of laser light at random and control the spread of
the desired extent is provided. As a result, the single
laser light source is divided into four parts and bent.
According to the particle theory of light, it is accepted
that light consists of tiny particles called photons. In
addition to that laser light propagates vectorally. The
bending of laser light can not be explained with the
available theories. It may be due to the new structure of
light or a new undefined subatomic particle or particles
that is not mentioned before. In our opinion, the light has
a flexible symmetrical structure and this structure is
Figure 9. The green laser light bending as a part of a circle with
one-piece lens.
Figure 10. The green laser light bending as parts of a circle
with one-piece lens.
Figure 11. The single green laser light that is obtained from the
laser source separation and different deflected in four parts.
destroyed with the lenses used in the experiment. For
this bending to be permanent, permanent deterioration in
the structure of the light should be achieved. This
R. Yildirim / Natural Science 3 (2011) 889-894
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deterioration is a physical one instead of a chemical
without changing the wavelength. At this stage, the
mathematical and physical model of this situation is
trying to be constructed.
This experimental study has been performed at atmos-
pheric pressure, room temperature, and no electric field,
magnetic field and polarization under laboratory condi-
tions. The semiconductor laser as a source of green and
red laser diode is used. The reason for the use of dif-
ferent laser sources was to see the effect of different
wavelength lasers. Made of transparent glass lenses used
in the experiment. There are no special-purpose optical
filtering properties. During the trial, a different laser
sources, for example, gas, liquid, free-electron, semicon-
ductor, solid, paint or any laser light from the laser
source is available.
The laser beam is chosen to be the better time for
compliance is preferred, according to other natural lights
in the experiment. Ideally, as the source of the use of
single-mode laser may be better.
The lights that are obtained from the natural sources
can bend. However, natural or derived from sources other
than laser-guided-wave format, such as the introduction
of laser light and the beam diameter must be adjusted.
These conditions are provided; the normal bending of
light can also be performed.
The properties of the lens that is used in experimental
study as follows:
Transparency should be theoretically 100%. Color as
a transparent glass or transparent features of the re-
fractive index close to the glass may be selected as other
materials. In the case of color, used to absorb the energy
of the laser beam wavelength and optical power, wea-
kening the color should not be selected. If the optical
filter is required it should be done before bending. In
addition, the strong laser beam and temperature resistant
to withstand the feature not to be. Not change the lens
gets hot property. The quality of the lens surface
roughness of the laser light is at least 4
, or optics to
be used or is higher than 20
should be preferred.
Other measures should be commensurate with the
wavelength of the laser used in the lens.
The lens must be on the body or bodies’ carrier that
are made by transparent glass. This body can also be
used as part of the lens stalk as a stabilizer during
assembly. Fit for purpose as part of the lens body in
different ways. Stem and part of the quality of the lens
body, the lens in any way affect the work function. How-
ever, during installation will cause excessive stretching
and squeezing the lens part of the homogeneous stru-
cture of the lens is broken. Therefore, this situation
should be considered during installation. The quality or
accuracy of the surface is sufficient for the purpose of
this section.
Intensity distribution of laser light is bent due to some
technical reasons related to our work continues to
Fields of the applications are optical systems, opto-
electronics, wireless optical communications, laser systems,
aerospace, medical, industrial, aerospace, military areas,
and optical measuring instruments.
In this study, the division of laser light and to make
further comments in relation to bending and is thought to
be too early to state your opinions. However, subject to
the physical description and mathematical model to
facilitate analysis of many experiments and observations
suggest that there is need. We think this behavior is not
linear laser. In this study the characteristic behavior of
laser light known also think that’s added a new feature.
In this experiment, only the results obtained from the
scientific community have made the determination we
have opened the discussion with the share issue. Scientists
that are interested in the issue of all the necessary
support, suggestions and criticisms are waiting.
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