Open Access Library Journal
Vol.03 No.09(2016), Article ID:70582,8 pages

On Starlike Functions Using the Generalized Salagean Differential Operator

Saliu Afis1, Mashood Sidiq2

1Department of Mathematics, Gombe State University, Gombe, Nigeria

2Department of Mathematics, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

Copyright © 2016 by authors and Open Access Library Inc.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY 4.0).

Received: August 19, 2016; Accepted: September 11, 2016; Published: September 14, 2016


In this paper we investigate the new subclass of starlike functions in the unit disk via the generalized salagean differential operator. Basic properties of this new subclass are also discussed.

Subject Areas:

Mathematical Analysis


Salagean Differential Operator, Starlike Functions, Unit Disk, Univalent Functions, Analytic Functions and Subordination

1. Introduction

Let denote the class of functions:


which are analytic in the unit disk. Denote by the class of normalized univalent functions in U.

Let. We say that is subordinate to (written as) if there is a function w analytic in U, with, for all. If g is univalent, then if and only if and [1] .

Definition 1 ( [2] ). Let and. The operator is defined by


Remark 1. If and, then .

Remark 2. For in (2), we obtain the Salagean differential operator.

From (2), the following relations holds:


and from which, we get


Definition 2 ( [3] ). Let, and. Then


This operator is a particular case of the operator defined in [3] and it is easy to see that for any,.

Next, we define the new subclasses of.

Definition 3. A function belongs to the class if and only if


Remark 3..

Remark 4. if and only if.

Definition 4. Let, and, the set of functions satisfying:

i) is continuous in a domain of,

ii) and,

iii) when and for.

Several examples of members of the set have been mentioned in [4] [5] and ( [6] , p. 27).

2. Preliminary Lemmas

Let P denote the class of functions which are analytic in U and satisfy.

Lemma 1 ( [5] [7] ) Let with corresponding domain. If is defined as the set of functions given as which are regular in U and satisfy:


ii) when.Then in U.

More general concepts were discussed in [4] - [6] .

Lemma 2 ( [8] ). Let and be complex constants and a convex univalent function in U satisfying, and. Suppose satisfies the differential subordination:


If the differential subordination:


has univalent solution in U. Then and is the best dominant in (6).

The formal solution of (6) is given as




see [9] [10] .

Lemma 3 ( [9] ). Let and be complex constants and regular in U with, then the solution of (7) given by (8) is univalent in U if (i) Re

, (ii) (iii).

3 Main Results

Theorem 1. Let and a convex univalent function in U satisfying

, and,. Let. If, then.

Proof. From (4), we have

If we suppose, we need to show that. Using the above equation and (4) and Remark 4, it suffices to show that if, then.

Now, let


By (2) and (3) we have


Applying Lemma 2 with and, the proof is complete.W

Theorem 2. Let and a convex univalent function in U satisfying, and. Let. If, then


is the best dominant.

Proof. Let, then by Remark 4,

By (9), we have


To show that, by Remark 4, it suffices to show that

Now, considering the differential equation

whose solution is obtained from (8). If we proof that is univalent in U, our re-

sult follows trivially from Lemma 2. Setting and in Lemma 3, we have



where, so that by logarithmic differentiation, we have

Therefore, ,


so that

Hence, is univalent in U since it satisfies all the conditions of Lemma 3. This completes the proof.W

Theorem 3..

Proof. Let. By Remark 4

From (9), let with for. Conditions (i) and (ii) of Lemma 1 are clearly satisfied by. Next, Then if. Hence, Using Remark 4, which complete the proof.W

Corollary 1. All functions in are starlike univalent in U.

Proof. The proof follows directly from Theorem 3 and Remark 4.W

Corollary 2. The class “clone” the analytic representation of convex functions.

Proof. The proof is obvious from the above corollary and Definition 4.W

The functions and are examples of functions in.

Theorem 4. The class is preserve under the Bernardi integral transformation:


Proof. let, then by Remark 4. From (10) we get


Applying on (10) and noting from Remark 1 that, we have

Let and noting that, we get

Let for. Then satisfies all the conditions of Lemma 1 and so Þ By Remark 4.W

Theorem 5. Let. Then f has integral representation:

for some.

Proof. Let. Then by Remark 4, and so for some

But, so that

Applying the operator in Definition 2, we have the result.W

With, we have the extremal function for this new subclass of which is

Theorem 6. Let. Then

The function given by (13) shows that the result is sharp.

Proof. Let, then by Remark 4,. Since it is well known that for any, , then from Remark 1 we get the result.W

Theorem 7. Let. Then



Proof. Let. Then by Theorem 6, we have



Also, upon differentiating, we get


for. This complete the proof.W


The authors appreciates the immense role of Dr. K.O. Babalola (a senior lecturer at University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria) in their academic development.

Cite this paper

Afis, S. and Sidiq, M. (2016) On Starlike Functions Using the Generalized Salagean Differential Operator. Open Access Library Journal, 3: e2895.


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