Applied Mathematics
Vol.05 No.15(2014), Article ID:48595,7 pages

To Problem of the Rewinding of the Tape with Automatically Adjustable Influences

Muhsin Kh. Teshaev

Bukhara Engineering-Technological Institute, Bukhara, Republic of Uzbekistan


Copyright © 2014 by author and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY).

Received 27 May 2014; revised 3 July 2014; accepted 16 July 2014


In this work the problem of rewinding of a tape with constant speed is considered. Considering that drums represent bodies of variable weight, the equations of motion of system are formulated. Taking into account parametrical clearing of system of servo-constraints, the structure of force of reaction of servo-constraints which provides steady realization of servo-constraints (a constancy of linear speed of a tape) is defined. For realization of servo-constraints, it is offered to build digital watching system (DWS) and the full system of equations of DWS is formed. Laws of change of the operating influences, systems providing stability under the relation of the variety defined of servo-constraints are defined.


Rewinding of Tape, Servo-Constraint, Speed, Force of Reaction of Servo-Constraints, Parametrical Clearing, Stability, The Digital Watching System, Full System of the Equations

1. Introduction

For the first time the concept idea of servo-constraints has been entered into analytical dynamics by H. Beghin [1] . The methods used by H. Beghin, had the further development in P. Appel’s [2] works, A. Przeborski’s [3] , V. S. Novoselov’s [4] , M. F. Shulgin’s [5] , V. V. Rumjantsev’s [6] [7] , V. I. Kirgetov’s [8] , A. G. Azizov’s [9] [10] and others.

Appendices of methods of analytical dynamics to a wide range of specific targets demand the account and other features connected with steady realization of servo-constraints, and that for such systems it is impossible to distract from a way of their realization.

S. S. Nugmanova’s attention for the first time has been paid to this circumstance [11] . Following the theory of parametrical clearing [12] , and the theory of the compelled motions [13] constructed the theory, allowing to develop the area of practical applicability of methods of analytical mechanics of systems with servo-constraints, including questions of their steady realization [14] [15] . In works [16] [17] the equations of motion of the systems, interfered by constraints of the first and second sort are deduced, and also the obvious kind of forces of reactions of servo-constraints is defined.

In this article the results of works [16] [17] are illustrated to the problem of rewinding of a tape.

2. Forming the Equation of Motion and Refining the Servo-Constraints’ Forces of Reaction

Let’s consider process of rewinding of a tape (Figure 1). Rewinding of a tape from the drum 3 on a drum 2 is carried out by means of electric machine (EM) of a direct current of the independent excitation operating through a reducer with transfer number on a drum 2. On Figure 1 the feedback providing a constancy of linear speed of motion of tape u = сonst and forming of stabilizing pressure on an input of the electric machine (EM) are illustrated. As well as, from the work of Zijatdinov R. M. (1983) [18] , we will divide the scheme Fig- ure 1 on two parts on a dashed line. Kinetic energy of system looks like as:


where―the moments of inertia of a reducer both corresponding drums;―angles of rotation of drums 2 and 3.

As drums 2 and 3 represent bodies of variable weight it is necessary to take the general equation of dynamics in the form showed in Bessonov A. P. (1967) [19] :


where for co-ordinates are designated;−the generalized force appropriated to co-ordinate;―the generalized reactive force, which looks like

here―relative speed of joining particles;―particle acceleration in motion concerning the system of co-ordinates connected by a link, and the symbol “*” above specifies that differentiation is made according to a hardening principle.

FM−forwarding mechanism; EM−electric machine; ES−energy source; RC−rein forcer-changer; CCP−converter of code in pressure; CS−converter scheme; DWM−digital watching machine; MG−measuring gauge.

Figure 1. Process of rewinding of a tape.

If relative speed of joining particles is equal to zero, and there is no relative motion of joining particles concerning a drum 2, according to Bessonov A. P. [16] (1967) we conclude that:

On system, according to assumptions, one ideal geometrical constraint


and one kinematical servo-constraint in Beghin H. (1967) [1]


is imposed, where−radius of an empty drum 2;−a thickness of a tape.

Taking into account (3) kinetic energy (1) systems we will lead to a formula


On possible moving constraint (3) imposes restriction [7] :


From a way of action of servo-constraint (4) follows that, moving, on which servo-constraint works do not make reaction, look like in Beghin H. (1967) [1] :


We will consider the right part from a dashed line. Considering that for the right part,


where−the constant moment put EM under the influence of direct current;−force of a tension of a tape, from (2), (5)-(8), by method (A)-moving [6] [7] , we will receive:


where−reaction of servo-constraint (4).

Considering that for the left part


where−radius of no to wind off drum 3;−the brake moment of a drum 3, from (5), (10) we will receive


To the received system of the Equations (9), (11) adding one kinematical equation,


will be received system of three Equations (9), (11), (12) concerning unknown persons.

Consider a case, when rewinding is carried out with constant brake moment, and speed of a tape is regulated only.

As it is known [9] [10] , servo-constraints are carried out not precisely and therefore, along with (4) the have occurrence parity


where−the parameter, characterizing clearing of system from servo-constraint (4).

Having for an object steady realization of servo-constraint (4), the received system of the equations will be added to (9), (11), (12) equation [9] [10] :


and reaction compulsion we set in a kind,


where−a positive constant at the expense of which choice there is a possibility to satisfy to quality of transient [19] [20] . Taking into account (3), (15), Equation (14) we will lead to the following:


Thus, the system of the Equations (9), (11), (12), (16) describes dynamics of adjustable process of rewinding of a tape concerning variables. From system of the Equations (9), (11), (12), (16) can be defined as function of variables, and by that reaction of servo-constraint in the form of the feedback law. For this purpose from the Equation (11) we will define force:


and substituting it in (9), the following equation will be received:


Taking into account (12), Equation (17) can be led to the following:

3. Stability

If a reaction of servo-constraint to form under the law, showed in [17] [18] :

where−a positive constant, the Equation (18) is led to a kind:

Taking into account a parity (13), last equation will look like:


Considering, from (19) we will receive


Taking into account (20), Equation (19) will look like




Apparently, from (22) the Equation (21) represents the differential equation with variable factors. Stability of its zero decision it is going to be investigated by a method of functions of Lyapunov, developed for unsteady systems [16] [17] . The auxiliary equation to (21) will look like:




In expression (24) constant number we will choose such, that a root of the characteristic Equation (23)

had a negative material part. This condition, according to Hurvits’s criterion [21] , will look like

which is reduced to a condition


Lyapunov’s definitely positive function will be chosen as:


Its full derivative on time, worked out owing to the equation of the indignant motion (23), will look like:

Let’s calculate:


Then the condition of certain positively of the form―will look like

which it is reduced to a condition


Condition (26) show that, for maintenance of steady realization of servo-constraint (4) moment of the electric machine (EM), the moment of friction, the moments of inertia and a positive constant it is necessary to choose on corresponding condition.

4. The Realization of Servo-Constraints

We will consider a realization problem of servo-constraint (4) by electromechanical digital watching system (DWS) [20] for which executive element we accept the engine of a direct current of independent excitation. Its full system of the equations will look like [17] :






where−inductive and ohmic resistance EM;−delay factors;−strengthening factors;−factor against-EDS and the rotary moment;− entrance pressure EM;−target pressure of the converter of code in pressure (CCP);−target parameter DWM;, ,−target parameters of gauges measurements (MG) and schemes of transformations (converter scheme) (CS); the moment of inertia of anchor of EM; −some function of the arguments.

The law of formation of the operating influences DWM providing stability of motion of system in relation to servo-constraint (4) is defined by the decision of system of the equations:






rather of. This law looks like:


Substituting the law (29) in (27), results the Equation (21). Hence, the law (28) provides asymptotically stability of motion of system under the relation of the variety defined by servo-constraint (4).

Along with the generalized model, we will consider the simplified model of watching system [17] [18] , i.e. at assumptions,

, (30)

from (28) we will receive the law of formation of operating influences DWM for simplified model DWS:


Substituting the law (31) in (27) at the same assumptions (30) we will receive the Equation (21), which stability conditions looks like (26).


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