Journal of Computer and Communications
Vol.03 No.11(2015), Article ID:61312,6 pages

Analysis of Modern Design Approach for Anti-Air Radar Screen

Jungwan Hong1, Suhwan Kim2, Yongjin (James) Kwon1*

1Department of Industrial Engineering, Ajou University, Suwon, South Korea

21st Division, 3rd Department, Agency of Defense Development, Daejeon, South Korea

Received October 2015


This study is a preparation phase for visualization of utilized information using ergonomic user interface and standardization of elements for anti-air radar screen. Therefore, we investigated the instances of anti-air radar screen for air defense weapon system for defense advanced country. Based on the collected data, we compared and analyzed the air defense weapon system radar screen design. In addition, we carry out a research for layout, configuration, standardization and design of the radar screen’s elements. Ultimately, it is essential to share a variety of battle field conditions such as enemy threat, enemy/friendly information, terrain information that can be effectively recognized. In this paper, we conduct case study for ergonomically development of automated/standardized radar screen. It is expected that this research improves the situational awareness and reduces the user’s task load.


Anti-Air Radar Screen, Air Defense Weapon System, Human Interface, Ergronomics, Situational Awareness, Task Load

1. Introduction

It will be expected to lead to major changes of mission operation environment for air defense mission in the future shown as Table 1. According to dramatically improvement of missile target detection range with the development of radar detection technology and missile propellants, ballistic missile’s flight speed and accuracy are also improved. Thus, it is necessary to quickly and effectively exhibit the enemy missiles that fly at rapid speed because ballistic missile will fly at Mach 3 to 10 in the future. Future integrated battlefield environment is required exhibition of various elements such as atmosphere, climate, terrain, enemy/friendly information factor [1]. Therefore, the study of the radar screen configuration suitable for mission operation environment condition is required. Table 2 shows direction of design for anti-air radar screen. As a result, effective handle is possible, grasp the trajectory of ballistic missile three-dimensionally [2]. Applying a touch-screen with a zoom-in function that can be observed a particular area of the wide range of attacks and it must be able to obtain detailed informa-

Table 1. Major changes of mission operation environment.

Table 2. Direction of design for radar screen.

tion to that area. In addition, represent assets of enemy and friendly using the symbol based on ergonomics of the radar screen’s elements and then it should be designed to allow rapid situation awareness. Through a large screen like a 30-inch LCD touch-screen allows broad sense representations of information, further it must be minimize the time to import battlefield information [3].

2. Case Study

Air Defense Weapon System Radar Screen

Ÿ Case study for 12 kinds of radar screen for air defense weapon systems.

Ÿ Attack range/altitude, mission, intercept altitude, operating country etc.

Ÿ Threat information, friendship information, tactical situation information, the operation of the tactical map equipment, the type of air defense weapon system components etc.

Ÿ Air defense weapon system radar screen’s configuration and layout.

Ÿ Major Air defense weapon systems are shown as Table 3.

Ÿ Tables 4-7 show results of analysis for radar screen.

3. Results

This study analyzes the common characteristics and flow of air defense weapon system’s radar screen. Also features of each radar screen elements are analyzed as a graph.

3.1. Radar Screen Shape/Location/Background/Color

Figure 1. Analysis results of shape, location, color for radar screen.

3.2. Radar Screen Text Information and Tactical Map

Figure 2. Analysis results of text information and tactical map for radar screen.

Table 3. Major air defense weapon systems.

4. Conclusion

Radar screen which form is circular shape onto a quadrangle screen taking the largest proportion. Position of radar screen mostly is displayed on the left side of its screen. Its background’s color is usually dark color such as black, blue, indigo. Text information of radar screen is normally on its right side. Recent radar screen system has evolved into free-form with adapting its components to user’s convenience. Recent trend of radar screen is including Tactical map into its components. Previous trend is using 2D color Tactical map. In the future warfare, radar screen will need 2.5D, 3D Tactical map. Most of radar screens have 4 monitor up down left right side. The number of user will be 2 or 3, and their assignments are detecting radar screen, management of arm and total control. Table 8 shows results.

Table 4. Radar screen layout analysis (1).

Table 5. Radar screen layout analysis (2).

Table 6. Radar screen layout analysis (3).

Table 7. Radar screen layout analysis (4).

Table 8. Radar screen layout analysis results.


This work was supported by the Agency for Defense Development (ADD) under the Contract No. UD140066CD. The authors wish to express sincere gratitude for the financial support.

Cite this paper

Jungwan Hong,Suhwan Kim,Yongjin Kwon, (2015) Analysis of Modern Design Approach for Anti-Air Radar Screen. Journal of Computer and Communications,03,140-145. doi: 10.4236/jcc.2015.311022


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  3. 3. Filippidis, A., Blandford, S., Foster, K. and Moran, G. (2006) Simulation Activities Using Gateway and Tactical Digital Information Links. Defence Science and Technology Organisation, 1-13.


*Corresponding author.