Journal of Power and Energy Engineering, 2015, 3, 438-442
Published Online April 2015 in SciRes.
How to cite this paper: Huang, X.Y. (2015) New Design for Energy Saving Water Dispensers. Journal of Power and Energy
Engineering, 3, 438-442.
New Design for Energy Saving Water
Xiangyun Huang
North China Electric Power University, Beijing, China
Received March 2015
This article is in view of the existing water dispensers’ repeated heating, large energy consump-
tion and fresh water quality’s problem, designed a new type energy saving water dispenser with
the function of rapid cooling-or-heating. Anhydrous bravery structure is used in the water dis-
pensers in drinking water flow process to cool or heat it, so as to ensure the water quality fresh.
Among them, the application of semiconductor refrigeration technology achieved collecting heat
and preheating the water [1], which is called the initial heating. Cooperating with the secondary
heating of the electrothermal quartz heating tube, the water dispensers really realize the flowing
liquid heating, bid farewell to the so-called thousa nd -times boiling water and improve the heat
energy utilization greatly [ 2] .
Two-Stage Heating, Semiconductor Refrigeration Technology, No-Bile Structure,
Flowing -Liqu id-Heating Technology, Co oling-or-Heating Function
1. Introduction
With people’s living standard rising high, water dispensers have become the necessary facilities of the families,
hotels, offices and public places. Taking the current water dispensers as an example, firstly, the traditional water
dispensers usually has the bile to put hot or cold water, after a long-time use, water bile will gradually deposited
with filth and scale cause the secondary pollution of drinking water [3]. Second, bile in hot water uses the heating
resistance wire, it takes several minutes to heat the water, which far can’t meet the needs of people. But if we set
the water dispenser in the insulation state, water will be repeated heating, waste of energy, and health; Third, the
existing part of the cooling water machine also uses the semiconductor chip, but its work process not only
consumes more electricity, but also increases the chance of the dust getting into the water cooler by air flow [4].
Therefore, it is very necessary to invent a more energy-saving, healthy and convenient new water dispenser.
2. The Working Principle and Design
Designed in this paper, the new energy saving water dispenser is based on Semiconductor refrigeration tech-
nology [5] and flowing-liquid heating technology, which puts forward the heat handling and two-stage heating
X. Y. Huang
concept. Compared with the traditional water machine, it is obviously more energy saving and healthy.
Semiconductor refrigeration technology is based on semiconductor materials composed of P-N junction,
formation of thermocouple, which produce the Pal effect for semiconductor chip. That is, after the semicon-
ductor chip get into the dc power supply, it will absorb heat at one end of the joint, the other end will release
quantity of heat, heat size is determined by the current.
Parr post effect of physics principle is: the current charge carriers in different materials are in different levels,
when it moves from high level to low level, then release the excess energy. On the contrary, when the carrier
from low level to high level, it will absorb energy from the outside world. Semiconductor refrigeration is a heat
transfer tool. As long as the temperature of the cooling object is higher than the cold ends of semiconductor
refrigeration piece, heat will be absorbed from the cold end and released in the hot end [6].
Semiconductor electrothermal film uses the insulator with excellent resistance of high temperature, high
strength as the matrix, using a special process (temperature 800˚C - 1000˚C) on the substrate coating to prepare
the inorganic materials. The conductive film made of the mixture, can work under 400˚C. The electrothermal
has the characteristics of quick-start, large heat-transfer area, high stability, high efficiency of electric power
con- version (95%), so using it as a heating device has obvious energy saving effect.
3. Common Computing Task of the Pow
Assume that the room temperature environment, cold water and hot water flow process is timely 25˚C. regard-
less of the water in the process of the flow due to the temperature of the system inertia, lower water temperature
of or falling). We selected the refrigeration power is
2*1345*54.1538.5 W+=
of refrigeration, heating
module is
2000 W
. Because the change of constant pressure heat capacity of water in the heating range is not
big, taking
C4174 J/kg
. Now assume that 250 ml of water counted by the discharge positioning flows over
in 25 seconds.
The cold water valve of the water temperature:
t252512.1 C
=−=− =
Semiconductor wafers in cold end surface absorption heat and the heat generated by the work itself is trans-
ferred to the hot face, so that the level of the water in the radiator (about 2 liters) temperature rises to:
(538.5 12*6*5 12*15*2)*25
2528.8 C
1000*2000*10 *4174
Thus, the water temperature of the hot water valve as follows:
* 2000*25
t'28.828.876.7 C
** 1000*250*10 *4174
hot p
=+=+ =
At this point, the temperature of the hot water valve is appropriate, so it can be drink directly. It is proved that
the parameters of this work are set with rationality.
4. Water Structure in Water Dispensers
Drinking water from escaping from the barrels are divided into two after the road, all the way through the semi-
conductor refrigeration piece of cold ends, achieve rapid refrigeration; In addition all the way water flows
through the first semiconductor refrigeration piece of hot end, for the semiconductor refrigeration piece of cool-
ing at the same time, the implementation level of preheating, then flows through the electrothermal heating tube,
realizes the secondary heating, become the hot water.
Water diagram of water dispenser in Figure 2.
As shown in Figure 1, the semiconductor refrigeration piece of hot end is with ribbed, cold section and heat
exchanger fit closely to increase heat exchange area. To the left of the device for cold water, the direction of
flow is from top to bottom, its external is also equipped with plastic foam thermal insulation layer, decreasing
water heat exchange with the outside world at the same time. It also makes the fin in a cold environment and
easy to work. Warm water warehouse is on the right and its direction of flow is from bottom to top (the density
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of hot water is less than cold water, there fore be in the upper part) held in device, aiming at cooling the working
semiconductor chip Table 1, preheating the water at the same time.
The cooling structure Figures 2-4 including: heat exchanger, semiconductor chip, radiator element, cooling
water tank and auxiliary cooling fan, etc. Both sides of the heat exchanger with copper, set inside have water-
way s. At work, drinking water gets through the heat exchanger, semiconductor chip transfers heat from the wa-
ter to heat the casing, so as to achieve the effect of refrigeration.
5. Summary
This article is in view of problem of the existing water dispensers, repeated heating, large energy consumption
Figure 1 . Water diagram.
Fig ure 2. Cooling structure.
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Figure 3 . Inside structure.
Fig ure 4. Outside vi e w.
Table 1. The semiconductor chip working parameters.
Refrigeration piece
type Maximum working
current Maximum working
voltage Maximum refrigeration
power Achievable maximum
temperature difference
TEC 1-12706 6A 12V 54.1w 67˚C
TEC 1-12715 15 12 134 65˚C
of fresh water quality’s, designed a new type of energy saving water dispensers with the function of rapid cooling-
or-heating. This water machine adopts the structure without bile, which is not easy to accumulate dust and bac-
teria and be beneficial to the user’s health.
X. Y. Huang
This work has good energy saving effect. Such a water machine can not only be installed in the home, but al-
so in the station, parks and other public places. Serving the public and saving electric energy. The water dis-
penser can rapidly cool or heat the water, which meets the needs of different people on the water temperature,
therefore has good application.
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[4] Wen , J.P., Li, H.-M., Cao, Y.H., et al. (20 07) Design and Analysis of Energy Saving Water Mach ine. Yanshan Un iver-
sity Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Technology Innovation Laboratory.
[5] Wan g, G.C., Meng, X.-L. and Zhu , S. (2011 ) New Energy Saving Water Dispenser Design. Business Review, 9.
[6] Wuhan Geography. Wuhan Press, 2001.