Journal of Computer and Communications
Vol.03 No.03(2015), Article ID:54731,5 pages

Simulation and Analysis of Millimeter-Wave Propagation Characteristics in Complex Office Environment

Yong Li1, Pengfei Wang2, Feng Chen2, Guanyun Wang2, Yuanjian Liu2

1Zhongxing Limited Corporation of Telecommunications, Shenzhen, China

2College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Posts & Telecommunications, Nanjing, China


Copyright © 2015 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY).

Received January 2015


The several gigabit rate and license-free spectrum resources of 7 GHz bandwidth can be provided by the 60 GHz short-range communication technology, therefore it becomes one of the most promising alternative technologies in the wireless communication. In this paper, the millimeter wave propagation characteristics in the complex office environment are studied by the SBR/Image method. Firstly, under the complex office environment, the propagation characteristics including received power, the arrival angle and the probability distribution of the arrival angle are studied without regard roughness and oxygen absorption loss. Then, the RMS delay spreads in 60 GHz, 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz wireless LAN signals are simulated and compared.


Millimeter Wave, Received Power, Arrival Angle, RMS Delay Spread

1. Introduction

With the development of intelligent terminal and a rich of wireless data application services, the number of data users increase dramatically and the content of the data is no longer confined to the traditional text or image in the wireless communication system. At the same time, mobile users have more and more demand for high definition video, mobile phone TV and other multimedia services. Wireless network traffic and higher requirements are put forward for the network capacity of the future mobile broadband communications system [1]. According to the description of EU METIS project [2], the goal of the 5 G is that the data traffic increases by 1000 times; the rate of user data is raised by 100 times, up to 10 Gb/s or more; the number of network devices increases by 100 times; the battery life of low-power devices increases by 10 times and the port-to-port time delay is shortened by 5 times. In the frequency distribution, the 2G spectrum from 2 - 6 GHz is selected for 5 G, while the UHF band spectrum is selected for indoor scenes coverage. And all functions are completed in the low-cost and sustainable way. The purpose of 5 G is building a network of social. It not only meets the needs of ultra-high- speed transmission, but also satisfies the high capacity, ultra-reliability, flexible communication and other requirements [3].

Recently, the research on the propagation characteristics of the indoor radio wave can be divided into two types, one is the empirical model, and the other is the deterministic model. The deterministic model has two main methods: ray tracing method and finite difference time domain method. Ray tracing methods mainly include mirror method, the minimum optical path method, test-ray method, the deterministic ray tube method and the SBR/image method [4] [5]. The SBR/image method [6] [7] can be used for any complex propagation, and it can find all of radio wave propagation paths from transmitter to receiver and has high computational accuracy and efficiency. The propagation characteristics of 60 GHz millimeter wave in the complex office environment are simulated and analyzed by the SBR/Image method [8].

2. Environmental Model

2.1. Environmental Model

The specific indoor office under complex environment is modeled to simulate. The 60 GHz signal is selected as simulation signal, and the environmental model is based on the indoor office described in the METIS project file [2]. The planar structure of the indoor office, transmitter location and receiving paths have been shown in Figure 1.

2.2. Environmental Parameters

The office environment is composed of the walls, floors, ceilings, screens, desks, etc. Materials of walls, floor and ceiling are concrete, and materials of screens and desks are wood, their corresponding parameters are shown in Table 1, and the materials parameters are shown in Table 2. The size of room is shown in Table 3. The SBR/Image method is used to research and the parameters of SBR/Image method and transmitting and receiving antennas are shown in Table 3.

3. Simulation Results and Analysis

3.1. The Received Power

The power distribution under indoor office simulation environment is shown in Figure 2. During the simulation, about 4416 receiving points are selected to complete the simulation of received power. From simulation results it can be seen that the received power closest to the transmitting antenna is significantly higher than other locations and the received power around the room is lower. It is suggested that the direct path plays a dominant role

Figure 1. The plan on the complex office.

Table 1. Materials and height of objects in the office.

Table 2. Material parameters.

Table 3. Simulation environment parameters.

Figure 2. The indoor power distribution.

in the indoor millimeter wave propagation. But the trend of power distribution is ups and downs instead of decreasing from the center to the surrounding and the received power is not completely inversely proportional to the distance from the transmitting antenna, this is because there are reflection and diffraction paths apart from a direct path.

The arrival angles and as well as their probability distributions are shown in Figure 3(a) and Figure 3(b). The arrival angle is the azimuth angle. In this simulation, the direct path is the main path, since the transmitting and receiving antennas are not on the same height. The arriving angle distributes around 180˚ to 350˚ and mainly in the vicinity of 200˚ and 340˚. The arrival angle is the pitch angle and distributes around 53˚ to 82˚, mainly in the vicinity of 80˚. It can be seen that the arrival angles and don’t comply with the probability distribution due to the reflection.


Figure 3. The arrival angles and their probability distributions. (a) The arrival angle and its probability distribution; (b) The arrival angle and its probability distribution.

3.2. The Comparison of RMS Delay Spread in the Different LAN Band

The RMS delay spread is the second moment of the multipath signal power delay profile. As a good measure of the multipath spread, the RMS delay spread is related to the characteristic deterioration caused by the inter-symbol interference. The comparison among RMS delay spread in 60 GHz, 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz LAN signal is shown in Figure 4. According to the simulation results under the office environment, the RMS delay spread in 60 GHz changes among 10.6 ns to 16.3 ns, the maximum delay occurs at 3 m distance from the wall, this is because there are many reflection paths caused by the screens, walls, floors and ceilings. However, the minimum delay occurs near the transmitting antenna, because the receiver position is relatively open and there are fewer reflection paths. As can be seen from the figure, the delay spread trends in 60 GHz, 5 GHz and 2.4 GHz are in agreement, but the value is different, the average of RMS delay spread in 2.4 GHz signal is 14.1 ns, the average of RMS delay spread in 5 GHz signal is 13.5 ns, and the average of RMS delay spread in 60 GHz signal is 13.35 ns, so it can be seen that the RMS delay spread in 60 GHz signal is lower. The smaller the delay spread is, the greater the related bandwidth will be. Therefore, the millimeter wave communication under indoor complex environment can suppress the inter-symbol interference because its delay spread is small.

4. Conclusion

In this paper, the SBR/Image method is used to study the problem of millimeter wave propagation under indoor office environment. Through the analysis of simulation results, the millimeter-wave received power under the indoor complex environment mainly comes from the direct path as well as one time and two times reflection

Figure 4. RMS delay spread.

paths caused by the walls and the indoor screen. While the impact of three times reflection is relatively small, three times reflection is still used to simulate, in order to make sure the accuracy and speed of calculation. Moreover, in this simulation, the diffraction and transmission are ignored because they have little impact on the received power. Finally, when applied to the communication under indoor complex environment, the 60 GHz signal has the lower delay spread and more effective suppression of inter-symbol interference than the two other LAN signal. These results can provide a theoretical basis for the planning and design of indoor short-range LAN in the millimeter-wave communication system.


This work has been supported by the ZTE Research Fund.

Cite this paper

Yong Li,Pengfei Wang,Feng Chen,Guanyun Wang,Yuanjian Liu, (2015) Simulation and Analysis of Millimeter-Wave Propagation Characteristics in Complex Office Environment. Journal of Computer and Communications,03,56-60. doi: 10.4236/jcc.2015.33010


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