2011. Vol.2, No.2, 71-75
Copyright © 2011 SciRes. DOI:10.4236/ce.2011.22010
E-Learning Effects on Teaching at ALBORZ
High School (Iran)
Jalal Heshmatpanah, Abbas Ali Lotfi Neyestanak*
Department of Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Shahre Rey Branch, Tehran, Iran.
Received April 17th, 2011; revised May 10th, 2011; accepted May 30th, 2011.
Considering the advantages of e-learning, some investigations were performed to study customizing this method
in teaching. This is the result of an experience which was conducted in one of Iranian high school (ALBORZ).
The objective was to find a proper way while using internet facilities to teach courses which comply with exist-
ing teaching regulations in Iran.
Keywords: Education, E-Learning, IT Technolog y, Physic Course
Educators must embrace e-learning solutions if they want to
ensure that every student has a quality educational experience.
But before e-learning can achieve widespread acceptance in
public schools, educators and policy makers must expand their
notion of education to include online courses and digital mate-
rials used to enhance classroom instruction (Collins, 2004).
E-learning could have potentially main results on the way
higher education is designed. E-Learning may offer schools
with a means of more than the newly formed rivalry, by taking
full advantage of their traditional, already established reputa-
tions. E-learning can also provide a model for students on how
to become self directed independent learners.
For lecturers, e-learning programs represent a change in
teaching style. The precise nature of the change is difficult to
quantify, however allocation of sufficient time and resources,
combined with managerial support, will help staff through the
period of transition (Singh, 2005).
At present, every school plans to use e-learning advantages
to develop students’ desired learning content and offer students
the new way to learn.
The following scenario describes real problems from the edu-
cation trenches and the e-learning solutions that resolved them.
In a village one course teacher resigned in spite the princi-
pal’s best efforts, there’s still no teacher for that course. How
can the class get its requirement?
An online course class solved the problem. The students “at-
tended class” in the computer lab, submitted their homework
and took exams online, and participated in online discussions.
With a staff member acting as a mentor, the students kept up
with their studies and continued learning. At the end of the year,
staff and students judged the replacement class a success thanks
to the student’s efforts, the quality of their online course, the
skill of their online instructor, and the support of their in school
Using e-learning, if students have computers and internets,
students can learn anytime and anywhere, can use materials
repeatedly, and can study the difficult part for them. Second,
teacher should use e-learning teaching strategy to strength stu-
dents’ learning motivation.
Regarding to the advantages of e-learning it was decided to
perform some investigations in order to customize existing
experiences at ALBORZ high school in Iran.
This point of study is designed for students of ALBORZ high
school in different learning accounting method to show the
different achievement and motivation of learning.
Recognizing the Obstacles and Important
The first investigation held in summer of 2009 there were 45
students and the project’s goals were:
1) Finding necessary sources in internet for teaching these
courses in this manner.
2) Teaching students for searching by means of search en-
3) Teaching software for designing web pages (Park, 2008;
Davidson & Mylonas, 2004).
We found that proficiency to English language was effective
on the quality of students’ works. The following parameters
1) Gaining complete proficiency to computer skills for ac-
cessing to the sources. The graph of this parameter versus time
(month) is shown in the Figure 1.
2) Conversant with the computer software in order to design
web page. Figure 2 shows effect of this result.
3) Complete proficiency on English language that it is shown
in Figure 3.
4) Ability to observe, which consist of three parameters: a)
Associated time to that subject, b) Curiosity, c) Raised questions.
5) Familiarity with concept of Network and using it. Graphs
of these parameters versus time (month) are shown in the Fig-
ures 4 and 5.
For instance the parameters, which were considered for eva-
J. HESHMATPANAH ET AL.
Proficiency to computer skills for accessing to the sources.
Conversant with the computer software in order to des i gn web page.
Complete proficiency on E n g lish language.
luating the first parameter, were:
1) How much proficiency is there in a student for searching
Answer of the above question relates to
a) How much familiar to search engines is he?
b) How many sites is he familiar relating to the investigation
c) How many keywords is he familiar relating to the investi-
After these parameters were elicited and evaluated for 45 stu-
Ability to observe.
Familiarity with concept of network.
dents value of the parameter was determined as average of ob-
After checking the results it was found:
1) Progress in various fields of computer skills was good.
2) Progress in English language skill seemed to be well but
in revising the obtained results it was found that as the criteria
of checking these parameters were according to their familiarity
with keywords and technical words this is not correct. And it
was considered in the next research.
3) The performance of students in observing evaluated weak
and it leads us to limit scope of work and increasing supports.
4) By this it was provided an effective tool for students in
understanding courses well.
In this step we repeated our experiment with 80 students in
the first, second & third year of high school and the courses,
which were considered were chemistry and physics.
The period of this investigation was 8 months (fall and win-
ter of 2009 and spring of 2010).
These students were selected other than previous students
and they were taught computer and network skills first.
Result of the Investigation
The result of previous investigation was “Because informa-
tion are distributed in internet it needs too much time for stu-
dents to search in internet, which reduces the associated time to
the main subject” and the students cannot use sites well because
of weakness in English language that showed themselves in the
fourth parameter. In the second investigation we were going to
J. HESHMATPANAH ET AL. 73
reduce these effects.
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In order to reduce above mentioned factors the following ac-
tivities were considered:
1) Proper internet resources in the field of physics and chem-
istry were extracted and prepared for them in order to avoid
searching in internet
Searching in internet is considered as a general skill, which
without that they cannot access to this training trend (Duncan,
2001; Arnold, 2004; Griffth, 2001).
2) Preparing teachers for explaining downloaded files to stu-
dents, which reduces needs of English language skills for stu-
3) In this method teacher will present his lesson by means of
network for the students. In this method classes were divided to
24 students in each class that every two student could access to
one computer and the teacher used Netop software for teaching.
By using the above, the fourth parameter (Ability of observ-
ing in learning) progressed.
We have shown its curve in Figure 6.
For evaluating this parameter we chose the following crite-
1) Associated time.
3) Number of asked questions.
Maximum grade belonged to the students that devoted 10
hours out of class for investigation.
Maximum grade belonged to the student who gathered at
least 10 points in his investigation fields.
Number of asked questions:
Ability of observing in learning.
According to the number of questions that students asked in
thei r field of study, t hey have been evaluated.
Maximum mark belonged to the student who raised at least
100 questions during period of course.
Mark of every student is determined by Maximum number,
which got among above items.
Curve 6 shows that students have progressed but its rate is
low, in order to override this and increase the rate, we proposed
an interactive training.
Environment that students can change the parameters and
observe the results, revising this showed that have not had a
jump in fourth parameter.
Investigation on curve of fourth parameter revealed that:
1) We must apply experienced teacher in this field, using
these auxiliary tools needs more familiarities with these tools.
2) Because this was an innovation on training (in Iran) other
factors influenced the training trend, for example we recog-
nized that in the search time students eager to enter other sites,
which do not relate to the searched subject.
3) In Iran teaching is based on lectures (oral) and using ob-
serving tools (Lab. a n d etc.) are rarely used.
4) Lack of special web pages for supporting students during
homework and also accessible out of class.
5) Lack of motivation factors:
In these kinds of activities, one of the main goals is getting
mark as in this investigation got marks are not registered we
could recognize lack of motivation.
6) Lack of having proper concept by students and their par-
ents on teaching based on IT tools made some bad effects on
In order to solve detected problems on the second investiga-
tion, this time we did our investigation by 60 students, which
were on the first year of high school and we used this tool for
teaching in their formal class time. The subject of courses were
physics, chemistry, mathematics and English language course
according to their curriculum these were 6 hours in week except
English language ,which was five hours in a week.
These 60 students were organized on two classes and each
class contained 30 students.
We tried to control parameters, which were effective on ob-
We obtained the following curve (Figure 7), which was the
result of considering, in an eight months period (fall and winter
Ability of observing in learning.
J. HESHMATPANAH ET AL.
2009 and spring of 2010).
As we can observe controlling six factors have had serious
effect on increasing fourth parameter and we can see a jump in
the third month, which after our revising it, revealed that is as
result of preparing computer site of high school for using stu-
In this investigation we considered extraordinary programs
like electronic classes in order to motivate students to partici-
pate in research activities and getting proper result.
Figures 8(a) and (b) shown the schematic of physic course of this
Physics course environment.
J. HESHMATPANAH ET AL. 75
software (Lee, 2005; Kanuka, 2006).
The goal of this paper was to present e-learning as a new
method for teaching, and to get to know the main aspects of it,
so as to figure out the way it work, and which changes in the
society should be required to achieve it.
The investigation was held in three steps and the following
results were obtained in each step:
1) In the first step parameters which were important were
recognized and a proper procedure was determined for evaluat-
2) In the second step a solution was raised to control the im-
portant parame ters, which were gained as result of first investi-
gation. It resulted to get better results but not as good as our
3) In the third step by using the results of previous investiga-
tions we could achieve to more proper result.
Because there are various parameters, effective on the results
we are going to find minimum threshold for each parameter to
get the optimum solution in the next investigation.
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