Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics
Vol.2 No.2(2014), Article ID:42205,4 pages DOI:10.4236/jamp.2014.22005

Method of Lines for Third Order Partial Differential Equations

Mustafa Kudu1, Ilhame Amirali2

1Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Art and Science, Erzincan University, Erzincan, Turkey

2Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Art and Science, Sinop University, Sinop, Turkey


Received December 5, 2013; revised January 5, 2014; accepted January 10, 2014


The method of lines is applied to the boundary-value problem for third order partial differential equation. Explicit expression and order of convergence for the approximate solution are obtained.

Keywords:Method of Lines; Partial Differential Equation; Convergence; Error Estimates

1. Introduction

We consider the boundary value problem for the third order differential equation in the domain






where are sufficiently smooth functions.

The problems of type (1)-(4) arise in many mathematical and scientific applications [1-3]. In this study, we construct first order accurate differential difference scheme for this problem and give error estimate for its solutions. The approach to the construction of the discrete problem and the error analysis for the approximate solution are similar to those in [4].

Let the solution of the problem (1)-(4) have a bounded derivative in the domain.

2. Differential-Difference Algorithm and Convergence

We divide the domain into stripe by lines On this lines the problem (1)-(4) we approximate by the following differential difference problem:





Let we rewrite the problem (5)-(8) in the form



I-unit matrix,

The matrix can be diagonalized as [5,6]


Multiplying equation (9) on the left by we have





The solution of (10)-(12) containing the third order ordinary differential equation with constant coefficients can be explicitly found


Therefore the solution of (5)-(8) can be expressed as



Now we investigate the error of the approximate solution. For the error we have the following boundary value problem:



Next for

By the mean value theorem we have


Since then it follows that

Further, we note that and


Using here the inequality, and taking into account

it follows that

i.e., fourth order convergence for the approximate solution is established.


  1. A. I. Kozhanov, “Mixed Boundary Value Problem for Some Classes of Third Order Differential Equations,” Matematicheskii Sbornik, Vol. 118 (160), No. 4 (8), 1982, pp. 504-522. (in Russian)

  2. A. I. Kozhanov, “Mixed Problem for One Class of Quasilinear Equation of Third Order,” In: Boundary Value Problems for Nonlinear Equations, Novosibirsk, 1982, pp. 118-128. (in Russian)

  3. S. A. Gabov and A. G. Sveshnikov, “Problems of the Dynamics of Stratified Fluids,” Nauka, Moscow, 1986, p. 288. (in Russian)

  4. G. M. Amiraliyev and P. Okcu, “Error Estimates for Differential Difference Schemes to Pseudo-Parabolic Initial-Boundary Value Problem with Delay,” Computers & Mathematics with Applications, Vol. 18, No. 3, 2013, pp. 283-292.

  5. S. B. Nemchinov, “On the Finite Difference Method to the Elliptic Boundary Value Problems,” Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, Vol. 2, 1962, pp. 418-436. (in Russian)

  6. A. A. Samarskii, “The Theory of Difference Schemes,” Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001.