Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2014, 2, 5-8
Published Online May 2014 in SciRes. http://www.scirp.org/journal/jss
How to cite this paper: Xiang, J. (2014) Study of Overseas Testing Experience and Future Directions. Open Journal of Social
Sciences, 2, 5-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/js s . 2014.25002
Study of Overseas Testing Experience and
School of Information and Electronic Engineering, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou,
Email: freexiang@gmai l.com
Received December 2013
The project will draw examination experience from overseas universities and colleges, form the
integrated evaluation system of four-element module throughout the whole process of education,
i.e. the innovation talent evaluation system of integrating “norma l results, practice assessment,
review test and oral test”, adhere to integrated, multi-oriented, open and scientific principles, and
truly and comprehensively implement the function of an examination system.
Examination, Oversea, Evaluation System, Four-Element Module
Colleges and universities are regarded as the main bearer of innovation in education by society, but innovative
education should be run through the entire process of education . Extending the concept of innovation cannot
be understood solely as personnel engaging in cutting-edge scientific research, or requiring that all walk in the
forefront of the world, which is unrealistic at present for our country . Personnel engaging in innovating are
not limited to a small number of scientists at frontier. There are many forms of innovation, which not only refers
to invention and creation, but also introduction and absorption . Making patents into products is a kind of
innovation as well as process improvement. Innovation is not just confined to the high precision and advanced
areas of research, it also reflects in practical work from all walks of life. If the society forms such a kind of con-
sciousness that everything can be innovative, each industry may lead to creative talents, and the community will
show respect to individual achievements in any industry, then the students can find their own position, and they
may be likely to be innovative  .
In 1990, China and Germany began a formal exchange of letters between the two governments for co-con-
structing our university. At present, there is a new round of province-state and inter-school cooperation projects.
Such projects constantly expand the depth and breadth of cooperation between our school and University of Ap-
plied Sciences in Germany. In that country, it has been nearly 30 years of innovative education through coope-
rating with enterprises . And it is a highly effective combination of teaching and learning. In recent years, our
university has begun to draw more educational experience in-depth from the University of Applied Sciences in
Germany, promote the “three projects”, persist in carrying on the strategy of “Strengthening the school with
high teaching quality , excellent talents and coope ration”, develop high-level application-oriented talents in
the context of internationalization, push forward talent project with university-enterprise cooperation project and
provide impetus for quality engineering. The undergraduate teaching of computers, electronics, communications
and other types of professional information technology must be based on the innovative training mode on ap-
plying abilities, i.e. how to analyze and solve problems. It is necessary to change the assessment structure of
theoretical and practical courses and deepen the practice of professional application knowledge. The focus of
test should be on the ability of analyzing and solving problems. Learning from a series of test experience, and
then devoting ourselves into the reform of assessment system, the competitiveness of engineering applied talents
will be enhanced finally.
2. Hypothesis and Proposed Innovations
First, confirm that you have the correct template for your paper size. This template has been tailored for output
on the custom paper size (21 cm * 28.5 cm). To give full play to the advantages of 20-year international cooper-
ation with the University of Applied Sciences in Germany, we learn from their practice teaching evaluation sys-
tem and implementation experience, so that the content of practice teaching assessment can track the develop-
ment of disciplines and curriculum timely, and then we may explore the teaching reform path of applied innova-
tive talents’ practical ability evaluation system for colleges and universities. The research of examination expe-
rience from overseas universities and colleges and future direction provides references for the reform of exami-
nation evaluation system. First of all, we should change traditional concept of examination, establish talent qual-
ity view in Knowledge Economy Age, cultivate talents on the basis of quality education and innovation, take the
cultivation of innovative spirit and ability as a center, and establish assessment mechanism which combines
broadening knowledge, building ability and improving quality as a whole. Second, we should change the ex-
amination model of integrating teaching, examination and assessment, establish a scientific and fair examination
operation mechanism, reform contents and methods of examination, promote the combination of diversity and
openness, increase oral test appropriately, establish a scientific scoring system and student’s comprehensive
evaluation system, adhere to the combination of formative and summative test, explore the modes of combining
“four meta-module comprehensive examination” with “test comments”, perfect the appraisal system for eva-
luating qualified personnel with university-enterprise cooperation, invite technical experts in the enterprise,
teachers and students carry out practical projects teaching in the enterprise, reform the form of experimental cur-
riculum examinations and professional curriculum settings, make it plays a role in the educational goals of de-
veloping high-quality engineering talents, and cultivate talents the enterprise needs. In order to establish assess-
ment model of university-enterprise cooperation, institutionalization, and innovative practice evaluation system,
experimental teaching should follow the development of disciplines and curriculums timely, and promote reform
of teaching in different ways.
The project will draw examination experience from overseas universities and colleges, form the integrated
evaluation system of four-element module throughout the whole process of education, i.e. the innovation talent
evaluation system of integrating “normal results, practice assessment, review test and oral test”, adhere to inte-
grated, multi-oriented, open and scientific principles, and truly and comprehensively implement the function of
an examination system.
3. Methods, Technical Routes and Implementation Steps
The study of overseas testing experience and future direction will be primarily through building six platforms
for the implementation and improvement, i.e. evaluation platform for superior curriculum, international teaching,
individualized teaching, cultural quality education, and innovative practice. Updating the guidance for appraisal
system is conductive for industries in Zhejiang Province to discover and develop young talents to master profes-
sional skills, and help lead them to professional road. At each stage, instructors give guidance on direction and
tips on methods through the assessment system without telling students what to do directly.
The research methods combine Chinese traditional education thought with overseas modern examination sys-
tem, and closely integrate scientific and engineering practice with talents cultivation, which make educational
concepts, contents, methods and assessment means adapt to the requirements of the progress, technological in-
novation and people’s overall development. We should attach great importance to and actively promote the
reform and innovation of the assessment mode for applied undergraduate engineering talents. Besides, it should
be overall designed and realized step by step. It is also emphasized that researching the actual needs of the
community to high-quality innovative talents and learning successful experience from the University of Applied
Sciences in Germany are important to adjust and improve the assessment methods design and evaluation stan-
dard system of applied undergraduate engineering talents education, and establish a research-oriented appraisal
system. Starting from the policy system, establishing an open, mobile, competitive and collaborative research
mechanism and improving the incentive mechanism can make the evaluation system be constantly updated.
An efficient evaluation system must be established among all teachers and students who have updated the real
concept of education. It is the overall performance of overall level of the university and the ability of training
personnel. Technical routes: the first is to construct systematically and penetrate fully, i. e. the main line of in-
novative training should be run through the whole course of developing talents and assessment, systematic
reform and overall construction should be carried out in the key links of the assessment, the previous problems
of incompletely reforming, limited foothold, single path, small coverage and one test determining one’s fate etc.
should be solved, and the prospects of running through the main line, full penetration, full participation and all
benefit should be achieved. The second route is multi-dimensional interaction and students-centered. We should
focus on innovation assessment and opening disciplines orderly. Interacting with students and extending the as-
sessment may be realized through “accessing to conditions and facilities, experiencing scientific process, con-
verting scientific and technological resources and nurturing academic atmosphere”. Besides, overall optimiza-
tion of courses can be also realized through “curriculum reform, curriculum resources establishment, laboratory
education reform, and methods and means updating” to interact with students and extend the assessment. More-
over, teachers should invest actively, and through “classroom teaching innovation, science and technology
project mentor, excellent typical demonstration, research experience guidance” can realize interacting with stu-
dents and extending the assessment. The character of student-centered is obvious and it can be through “hob-
by-oriented, individual choosing flexibly, self-system planning, independent practice” to implement innovation
assessment. The third one is the combination of soft and hard and system impelling.
Implementation steps: establish “innovation evaluation system”, “innovative education base operating system”
and other series of management systems and operating mechanisms. Meanwhile, an overall improvement of
teaching laboratory and the opening of innovative educational base provide superior hardware platform for stu-
dents’ innovative practice. 1) To establish innovative design laboratories and cooperation base of universi-
ty-enterprise joint training need the introduction of the enterprise and the project to explore a new model of ex-
perimental innovative teaching evaluation. Students’ ability to practice their own hands can be improved with
the project to assess. 2) The implementation of practicing semester formative assessment needs broadening the
significance of innovative experimental base for university-enterprise cooperation, reforming the practice of the
second semester, and establishing assessment model of university-enterprise cooperation. 3) Setting up project
assessment of innovative practice should strengthen the cooperation with large companies from IT industry in
Zhejiang Province with the university-enterprise cooperation mode, and the practice of researching on curricu-
lum teaching evaluation. 4) Innovating the Labs open management requires the use of information technology
and computer management, the establishment of an open laboratory management system, the multi-core pro-
gramming innovation laboratories and other open laboratories in order to achieve dynamic and open manage-
ment of experimental course teaching. 5) Promoting international examination system reform of computer engi-
neering technology is to develop students’ ability to survive in the social environment of internationalization and
mul t i-culture. 6) To form a teaching program and assessment platform network which is completely in line with
innovative and practical ability training system.
4. Experimental Results
Marked by three results: 1) built a multi-level and modular curriculum examination system on the basis of ad-
vanced laboratory teaching philosophy and three capacity-building objectives, and formed the core of the reform
of teaching practice, 2) constructed an open lab environment and modern management system, and introduced
the project assessment of teaching practice, 3) reformed experimental evaluation methods and models, and
formed a multi-cultural self-assessment model based on innovation ability training. The results were adopted in
the university, and we set up 13 experimental courses for electronic information, communication, computer, au-
tomation, electrical and mechanical and other professions. The experimental evaluation of information technol-
ogy involved only five professions before the study. Students’ overall practice and innovation ability improved
significantly since the study and application of the results. In recent years, students guided by members in the
research group achieved good results continuously in science and technology competitions. In December 2008,
they won the first prize of bipedal robot walkers cross footprint in the University group at the Tenth Chinese
Robot Competition and RoboCup Open Tournament and won the second prize of bipedal robot walkers narrow
set of footprints in the University group. The award-winning students were reported by “Qian Jiang Evening
News”. They also obtained the best results in history on the fifth University Programming Contest in Zhejiang in
May 2008, the National Collegiate Programming Invitational Tournament in October 2008, and Undergraduate
Electronic Design Contest in Zhejiang Province in September 2008.
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