Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2014, 2, 74-80
Published Online February 2014 in SciRes. http://www.scirp.org/journal/jss
How to cite this paper Niu, X.Z., Wen, F. and Sun, Y.L. (2014) Research and Design on Virtual Experiment System Integra-
tion Based on WebService. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2, 74-80.
Research and Design on Virtual Experiment
System Integration Based on WebService
Xuezhen Niu, Fuan Wen, Yanlian Sun
Beijing Key Laboratory of Network System and Network Culture, Beijing University of Posts
and Telecommunications, Beijing, China
Received Novemb er 20 13
With awareness of information teaching being enhanced, related technology and products on vir-
tual experiments have also been continuously developed and improved. However, due to multi-
party systems applied result a lack of unity and standardization for experimental teaching
processes during the current experimental teaching. This paper purposes integration solutions
based on WebService, on the basis of research and analysis of system integrates design, imple-
mentation, and virtual experiment platform. The author focuses on realizing integration of Multi
virtual experiment teaching resources. Meanwhile through actual trial, results implied that virtual
experiment teaching work can be more efficient and normative in university with a standardized
process for experiment and management, which can provide a favorable platform basis to achieve
resources sharing on virtual experiment in the future.
Multi-System; Virtual Experiment; Integration; WebService; XML
With increasing demand of virtual experiment, integration of multi virtual experiment system has become an
inevitable trend. As difference of inter-system frameworks and languages, compatibility among systems presents
a challenge. Meanwhile we have to access data in disparate systems through different ways . It has caused
problems whether from the investment, maintenance, as sharing of data and data redundancy . Therefore, how
to achieve the integration of multi virtual experiment resources in a platform has become an inevitable trend.
IM (Information Manifold) is carried out by AT&T Bell Labs project, used in more than 100 integrated in-
formation sources . The University of Southern California Information Sciences Institute developed an inte-
grated system IMS, characterized by the development and application of a variety of artificial intelligence tech-
niques for accessing all kinds of information sources and construct an intelligent dynamic interface [4,5].
Chongqing University’s virtual experiments teaching universal platform, through the introduction of next-gen-
X. Z. Niu et al.
eration applications RIA framework Smart Client, achieves versatility and inheritance of virtual experiment
platform to certain extent . Dalian University of Technology iLab is based on the integrated environment
Labview Laboratory Virtual Instrument and the structure and build interactive iLab .
Currently few studies related to the virtual experiments system integration, as the difference between different
virtual experiment platforms , so that common, standardized virtual experiment platform integration solutions
are difficult to achieve. This is the main point this paper focuses on.
2. Integrated Technical Overview
2.1. Web Service
Web Service Overview
Web Service is a platform-independent, loosely coupled, self-contained, programmable based on web and XML
standards, and it can describe applications .
Web Services is a distributed technology using XML as the basic data communication, so heterogeneous sys-
tems can be used as part of collaborative computing network operation . Its main objective is to present a
common platform-independent, language-independent platform, with a standard Web protocol providing servic-
es to achieve the kinds of applications on different platforms connectivity and integration . Web service can
be described to publish, found, and called network and information systems. And it can provide a faster rate to
access cross-platform data services, and achieve integration of all data on server, successfully resolved the
problem of heterogeneous data using various systems [12,13]. Web service works is shown in Figure 1.
XML (Extensible Markup Language) is a markup language and the Standard Generalized Markup Language
(SGML) subset for Web traffic. XML is the universal format for data exchange; as a key technology of Web-
Service, it is mainly used as a document, XML provides a uniform method to describe and exchange indepen-
dent structured data of applications or vendors.
XML can define the management information structure in a flexible and effective way. XML can be defined
in a flexible and effective management information structure, the data stored in XML format not only have good
internal structure, but also because it is an international standard proposed by the W3C, and thus supported by
the majority of software providers for easy data exchange and development.
3. Integrated Program Based on WebService
The virtual experiment in this paper is based on WebService and is developed using JAVA. Which is B/S mode
and has a SSH architecture, and has certain advantages in terms of flexibility and scalability.
3.1. Platform Integration Solutions
The integration solution is as shown in Figure 2.
Figure 1. Webservice works.
X. Z. Niu et al.
Figure 2. The integration solutions
1) Integration with teaching educational system:
First part is the user’s butt, using single sign-on technology, unified entrance for the school comprehensive
educational system, while the user information automatically imported into virtual experiment teaching system.
Second part is the selecting and scheduling module which can directly into the virtual experiment teaching sys-
tem and can be rescheduled, this function uses Web Service technology. Third part is data transformation.
2) Integration with the third party standardized virtual experiment system
The third-party software system works as a virtual experiment teaching system service. Virtual experiment
teaching system calls the services provided by third-party software systems to complete the experimental teach-
ing, WebService used in the experiment teaching process.
Integration configuration: Senate login virtual experiment teaching system management course information,
and configures the third-party software system integration interface configuration.
Experiment maintenance integration: First, integration on existing experiment database, third-party provides
experiment extracted service interface for synchronization. Second, edit interface services, when teacher adds or
modifies experiments, platform invokes third-party services for editing, and then experiment libraries updated.
Students’ doing experiments Integration: Student logins system, and starts the experiment. Then service ID is
generated and third-party software systems interface is called, students experiments page displays, after finish-
ing, third-part treats service ID as identification, then students’ results are saved and returned.
Teachers marking experiments integration: Teachers log into arrangements list, select what they want to mod-
ify, then platform calls third-party interfaces based on the service ID system service, student results display.
3) Integration with third party standardized virtual simulation software
Integration with third-party virtual simulation software, such as: Flash, Applet, ActiveX and other software.
Integrated into the virtual experiment teaching system in a form of an experimental plug-in, improve the man-
agement mechanism with the help of virtual experiment teaching system, and get use to the advantages of the
third-party virtual simulation software simulation, and complete the experimental teaching process.
3.2. Integration Interface Architecture
Platforms and virtual experiment system and teaching-related systems communicate by passing XML file, and
integrated interface provides a unified data format, standardized communication between systems.
After different data sources processed by the Web Service, the obtained data is saved in xml format the data,
and then through the XML data integration processing module transform the xml data into a unified format spe-
cification data files, back to the current call virtual experimental system, by that xml parsing system, return the
results to the user. The overall framework of integrated design is as shown in Figure 3.
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4. Achievement of Integration Based on the WebService
4.1. Experimental Process
The specific process as shown in Figure 4.
Figure 3. The overall framework of integrated design.
Figure 4. The specific process.
X. Z. Niu et al.
1) Add academic courses: Academic staff add courses, and select the corresponding interface, to achieve mul-
2) Teachers add experiment: Teachers add virtual experiments according to the arrangements; they can select
the required third-party plugins, and then add rules and report templates.
3) Teachers arrange the experiment: Teachers arrange the experiment according to the progress of the class.
4) Students do experiments: Students enter the system, they can view the arrangement. They first complete
the corresponding exercises, then enter the virtual experiment platform and complete the experiment.
5) Save experimental results: After submitting, the experimental results are saved with XML files and in uni-
fied standard format. These data have to be transformed as they come from different servers with different for-
6) Teachers marking experiment: Teachers choose students marked, and download to local through the parse
of the third-party systems.
4.2. Integrated Interface
1) Integration with the third party standardized virtual experiment system
• Web Service service wsdl address: Experimental repository synchronization interface (third-party systems).
Web Service method for third-party to provide synchronization experiments: synchroNAMEExps ().
• Design of experiments callback platform interface (experimental teaching platform); Experimental teaching
platform provides Web Service method updates the library experiment experiments: saveExp (parameters),
send the information to add or modify experimental XML data.
• Teachers design an experimental interface (third-party systems): Teachers design an experimental interface
path and the incoming service ID& third experiment ID
• Do experiments Interface (third-party): Experiment interfaces path, incoming service ID & third experiment
• Students submit results Interface (experimental teaching platform): Experimental teaching platform provides
Web Service method updates the students experiment results: saveStudentExpScore (parameters) to send stu-
dents to experiment results XML data.
• Check the specific steps students experiment (third-party systems): The third-party systems provide We Ser-
vice method to view student experimental steps: viewStudentExpInfo (serviceId), specific steps to return
students to experiment XML data.
2) Integration with third party standardized virtual simulation software
The third-party software vendors to provide access to platform scripting interface: getPlatFormXml ().
• Third-party software vendors to provide an interface to load the initial script: initPlatFormXml ().
• The third-party software vendors script standards.
After completed platform integration interface design and implementation, the classes added to the system based
on the integrated type and select interface, as shown in Figure 5.
While selecting the local programs, the third-party plug-ins can be selected according to the experimental test
requirement, as shown in Figure 6.
Selecting third-party program set the third experimental system structure shown in Figure 7.
The design of the integrated interface makes the virtual experiment platform integrated with multiparty sys-
tems and plug-ins. Meanwhile, it achieved the asynchronous refresh and strengthens the effect of the use of the
But now there are many deep-seated problems to solve. Web Service the efficiency, the use of xml language,
can achieve platform independence, but using xml transmission efficiency is always a problem, which still needs
Figure 5. The integrated type and select interface.
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Figure 6. The experimental test requirement interface.
Figure 7. The third experimental system structure.
The Special Foundation for Scientific and Innovative Project of BUPT, Research and development of the virtual
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