Current Urban Studies
2013. Vol.1, No.4, 171-174
Published Online December 2013 in SciRes (
Open Access 171
Study of Improving the Management System of
Temporary Resident Population
Yang Yang
Southwest University, Chongqing, China
Received September 28th, 2013; revised November 1st, 2013; accepted November 10th, 2013
Copyright © 2013 Yang Yang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribu-
tion License, which permits unrestricted use, dis tribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original
work is properly cited.
Due to the fact that the function for management is abnormally amplified, its service’s function is not well
reflected when it is carried out for the Management System for Temporary Resident Population. So it will
face enormous pressure and there are many problems for the management system for the temporary resi-
dential permit and it needs to further be strict and improved. Our government should change from the pre-
vention and control management for the past into the service management which emphasizes on both
management and service according to the concept of people-oriented on the basis of retaining and im-
proving the temporary residence registration in current. Firstly, they should further intensify the reform of
the household registration system to introduce the concept of citizen treatment and continue to reinforce
the value of temporary residential permits. Secondly, the departments will perform their functions and
adhere to comprehensively management. Thirdly, they should establish the population management in-
formation network to share the resources.
Keywords: Temporary Resident Population; the Management System for the Temporary Residence Permit;
the Residence Permit
The management system of temporary resident population
mainly includes the system for temporary residence registration
and the application system of temporary residence permits in
China. Now the household registration system is an administra-
tive system, which is established according to the needs of in-
dustrialization surpassing strategy. Its establishment reflects
the profound contradictions in which China’s industrialization
process is controlled under the dual structure of urban-rural,
and the dual social structure of urban-rural are solidified and
increased during the conflict (Wang, 2003). All citizens are
divided into two unequal groups for the urban and rural people
through adopting the administrative measures. The urban resi-
dents can enjoy the welfare benefits and the employment op-
portunities, while the farmers are bound to the land and strictly
limited to move into the urban. After the reform and opening-up,
the phenomenon appeared that the large-scale rural population
has migrated into the urban continuously while the economic
system is changed and the gap between urban and rural has
widened. In this case, the temporary registration system for the
floating population really began to become a basic and central
system to control the population flows (Liu, 2005). Under this
background, the interim regulations about the urban transient
population management was formulated by ministry of public
security in July, 1985. The application method of temporary
residence permits was issued by ministry of public security On
June 2, 1995, which provides that the temporary residential
permit is a proof for citizens who leave their own’ permanent
city or township to temporarily stay in other areas. And it
provides that citizens should show the ID card or the temporary
residential permit when they apply for the service license and
the industrial and commercial business license. Its application
is associated with the labor rights of people and the manage-
ment rights. It can be seen that the system for temporary resi-
dential permit, since it was born, is not only a form to register
for temporary stay for migrant people, but a set of content-rich
systems to depend on the urban and rural household registration
With the sustained, rapid and healthy development of our so-
cialist market economy, it will be confronted the new chal-
lenges and opportunities for public security work. Among them,
it is a great importance issue for the management of temporary
resident population. There is little information available in the
literature about improving the management system of tempo-
rary resident population. This will be followed by a description
of the fuzzy nature of the problem and a detailed presentation
of how to improve it. Recently, all over the country are plan-
ning to find a reasonable approach by which the temporary
residential permits are replaced by other certificates. The prob-
lems have become the focus in the field of academia, media and
public for the abolition of temporary residence permits and how
to reform for the management system of the temporary resident
population. None of the other phases have been examined in
detail. We conduct this study to show that the system for tem-
porary residential permit that is mainly charactered with the
difference of civil rights will make the floating population feel
unfair and lack of the belonging sense, and it will directly in-
fluence on the urban’s economic development and the urban
residents’ life. Even if only for the urban’s security, it will be
worse. Thus, this system and its relevant social economic sys-
tem should be reformed and improved under the condition of
reformation for the household registration system and on the
basis of remaining and strengthening the management of
household registration. It will be beneficial to protecting the
civil’s legal rights and realizing the social fair service that the
management system are further strict and perfected, and it will
promote the social’s harmony, and progress and the economy’s
prosperity developments are promoted when balancing the
reform, the development and the stability.
The Main Problems in Current
The practice for temporary residence registration’s system,
which let population from countryside integrating into the city,
is an attempt to adapt to the process of modernization, industri-
alization and urbanization, and is an epoch-making system
design between urban and rural. But we can see that there are
still many problems existed in the current management system
to transient population.
Discrimination Treatment Still to Exist
There is no doubt that the residence permit system is a tre-
mendous progress. However, those who hold a residence permit
can only enjoy the same service and beneficial policies in some
aspects of specifical regulations like the citizen, instead of en-
joying the same rights in all aspects. Therefore, it is just better
than the temporary residence permit system. The problems are
still objectively existed that citizens are enjoyed the unequal
rights due to the differences of residence cards and identity.
Such as different pay for the same work between urban and
rural citizens, different compensation for the same injury and
death, the discriminations against outsiders by the locals and so
on. It is divided into the permanent residents population and
temporary population for the population. The temporary popu-
lation are differently treated on the policy and institution in
field of employment, social security, education and other, and it
will let them not enjoying the equal treatments like household
population. A great damage will be created for the citizens’
equal rights by this difference treatment (Wang, 2001).
The Service Concept of People-Oriented Still to Be
The people have to be divided into the registered permanent
residence and the non-registered permanent residence, the per-
manent household and the temporary household under the facts
for the current management system of household registration.
The policy-making departments must be subject to the basic
values for respecting the human rights and try to be cautious,
meticulous and appropriate to make the relevant policy system
on the specific details and practices. And they must establish
the idea of people-oriented, always to respect people and treat
people well, and equally treat for the floating population and
the resident population. They can achieve the aim in the follow
ways. Firstly, It is necessary to set up the idea to well treat the
floating population in the whole society. Secondly, it is neces-
sary to promote them making friends with each other to con-
spire the urban’s development issues. Thirdly, it is necessary to
promote them to learn from each other, exchange mutually, get
along well and harmony mutually.
The Conflict between the Management System of
Temporary Residence Permit with the Administrative
Permission Law and the Legislative Law
It is regulated that any unit and individual have not to rent
out apartment or provide the business location for those who
fail to obtain the temporary residence permit and that the ad-
ministration for industry and commerce shall not issue a busi-
ness license in many local rules, laws and regulations to apply
for the temporary residence permits. These regulations belong
to the Pre-Setting conditions. But it is stipulated in the article
15th of Administrative Permission Law that the local laws and
regulations can not set the administrative permission of which
the qualification of citizen, legal person or other organization is
uniformly determined by nation, such as and the administrative
licensing that should be, and can not set the establishment reg-
istration and its pre-administration permission to an enterprise
or other organization. It shall not be restricted the individuals or
enterprises of other regions to engage in production and busi-
ness and providing services in here for its administration per-
mission to set. Therefore, it is false that the temporary residence
permit of the floating people is as a precondition to rent out
apartment, apply for the employment permit and the business
license. It is contrary to the provisions of Administrative Li-
cense Law. The temporary residence permit has become from
an administrative confirmation to an administrative permission
in its practice. The administrative confirmation is to confirm the
relationship of rights and obligations, the legal status and legal
facts of the opposing party (Luo, 2001). It is an administrative
action to confirm for the registration and application of the
temporary residence that the public security organs register for
the transient population’s situation and give administrative con-
firmation for their legal facts, rights and obligations and legal
Some Suggestions and Measures for It
Strengthen the Reform for the Household
Registration System
The choice for its abolition must be embedded within the re-
form process of the household management, as the temporary
residence permit is existed to attach to the domicile system.
Therefore it will be responsible for transition within the legal
framework before the domicile system are thoroughly changed
according to law, and it will be weaken its original manage-
ment’s function and transferred to the comprehensive system
for social management in the progressive improvement of peo-
ple-oriented. At the same time, it will be gradually embodied its
service efficiency. The government has already started to can-
cel the different registration for household, weaken the house-
hold’s influence and the ideas for identity in some regions. It
has clearly put forward that the problems of household registra-
tion should gradually and conditionally be solved to peasant-
workers who work and live in the city for long term in the sev-
eral opinions about solving the problem of peasant-workers by
the State Council. The ministry of public security is now re-
searching the reform’s opinions to further deepen the system for
household registration. They plan to cancel its boundaries and
explore to establish a unified management system for the rural
and urban residence registration. Whi le one has a l e ga l domici le
as the basic conditions to settle, the restrictions for its migration
will be gradually relaxed in the large and medium cites. The
Open Access
domicile reform is finally aimed at carrying out to register their
residence registration according to the citizen’ residence and
gradually realizing the freedom of movement according to the
market needs and the city’ accommodation. It will be formed to
the management methods which are organically composed by
two kinds of certificates for Household Registration and Iden-
tity Card and two kinds of residence registration for temporary
and permanent. It will finally be decided to establish a system
of laws and regulations for domicile on the basis of Domicile
Law and local domicile management’s laws and regulations,
and establish a management system for domicile that unify the
urban and rural to adapt to the social and public management
and the market economic development with Chinese Charac-
To Increase Its Value by Introducing the Idea of
Citizen T r eatment
The residence registrations are undertaken too much functions
as a policy of territorial jurisdiction has been adopt in China. It
is necessary for the floating population to take temporary regis-
tration, otherwise it easily leads residents to separate from
household registration, which is not conducive to protect the
legal rights and interests of floating population, nor the social
management for the inflow lands. It is the premise and founda-
tion for the administrative departments to strengthen the tem-
porary resident population’s management as possible as regis-
tering and handling their temporary residence permit. The pub-
lic security bureau will face with a strategic problem how to
supervise the floating populations to register their certificate
after officially canceling for the measures of detention and and
repatriation. It should be incredible thing to face the rolling
floating populations if it will carry out to force them registering
the certificate. In order to improve their initiative and motiva-
tion to register the permit, it is a key to achieve the tangible
benefits after registering the certificate. The department can be
transformed the temporary resident permit into the service cer-
tificate and rights certificate, and can consolidate the temporary
residence permit, the marriage certificate, employment permit
and other certificates into a new temporary residence permit.
Through providing the preferential policies, such as employ-
ment, children’s education, legal aid, employment training, set-
tling, family planning, purchasing car and house, etc for the
floating populations, they will change from the passive registra-
tion to the active registration, and a new version of temporary
residence permit also will enter into a beneficial cycle for its
management services.
To Perform the Departments’ Function and Insist on
the Compr e hensive Manageme nt
We must insist on the work principle of government—domi-
nant, comprehensive management-first, police-oriented, all
parties involved. The public security bureaus shall strengthen
the management for the registration and certification of tempo-
rary resident population according to law, closely control and
manage the place of residence and activities for the floating
population such as rental housings, construction sites, markets
and amusement places, eliminate the potential safety hazards
and prevent the crime problems in the center areas inhabited by
them. The labor departments should create a new employment
mechanism, standardize the labor market and the employment
agency, actively provide the services for them such as the em-
ployment information, the skills training, the social insurance
and so on, and protect their legal rights and interests. The judi-
cial administrative departments should strengthen the law pub-
licity, legal services and dispute mediation for the floating
populations. And they initiatively provide the legal aid for the
floating populations. The family planning administrative de-
partments should standardize their information’s registration,
the certific ate verification, the techni cal service by law and im-
prove their service standards of the family planning manage-
ment to the floating populations. The industrial and commercial
administration departments should these carefully implement
the system for issuing the business licenses based on his ID
card or temporary residence permit and ban the unlicensed
business activities. And they should also actively cooperate
with the relevant departments to guide the service industry’s
development of urban community, combine the community ser-
vice industry and the floating populations’ employment to
broaden the employment space for the floating population.
They also actively safeguard the legal rights and interests for
the floating populations engaged in business and industrial
work. Other relevant departments, such as city appearance, hy-
giene, propaganda, the communist youth league, women federa-
tions, trade unions, etc, should also need to work according to
the division of responsibilities, do it’s own work, closely coop-
erate, and give full play to the comprehensive management. We
should coordinate the relationship between the floating popula-
tions, urban migrant workers and citizens and make efforts to
create the equally harmonious living and development envi-
ronment for the temporary populations according to the man-
agement concept and mode of Civilization, Urban Integration
and humanization.
Establishing a Network of Population Information
Management to Realize the Sharing Resource
With the application for the population information manage-
ment system and its networking construction by public security
bureaus, the relevant departments including the ministry of
public security have improved their standards for handling the
information in the actual management and law enforcement. It
makes the temporary residence permit as a functional proof of
the administrative management finally disappear and lose its
existence necessary by the high efficiency, smooth, safe and
practical network information platform. Through establishing
and improving the population information management system
to the temporary populations, it will be realized that all aspects
of information resources, such as population, employment,
distribution and social security, etc, are organically integrated
and shared. It will provide service for the leadership decision-
making, management functions and migrant labors’ life by
strengthening the dynamic monitoring and analysis for the
temporary population information. The public security bureaus
should regard the construction of state population basic infor-
mation database as an opportunity based on the Golden Shield
Project to strengthen and improve the construction of the public
security information management system and promote to share
the population information step by step to achieve the inter-
connection of the social management system and the population
information system by public security bureaus (Chen, 2006). It
will realize the systematization and informatization for the
population information management by the government ser-
Open Access 173
Open Access
vices platform, the government portal and the relevant depart-
ments’ database as an external system, if we realize the sharing
information between public security, family planning, statistics,
civil affairs, social security, tax, education and other depart-
ments, based on the public security population fundamental da-
Chen, Y. Y. (2006). Study for the situation and suggestion population
information management by the public security bureau. Journal of
People’s Public Se c u rity University of China, 4, 56-58.
Liu, J. (2005). Analysis for the temporary residence permit system by
the sociology of law. New Angel of Uiew, 9, 57-60.
Luo, H. C. (2001). The administrative law. Beijing: Peking University
Wang, H. L. (2003). Analysis the formation and reformation of current
domicile system for China. Journal of Chinese Communist Party
History Studies, 4, 33-37.
Wang, X. H. (2001). Study for the legal system of Chinese Domicile.
Beijing: People’s Public Security University of China Press.