Pressure-Driven Demand and Leakage Simulation for Pipe Networks Using Differential Evolution

Open Access WJET

58

common users to undertake deficient pressure conditions.

REFERENCES

[1] E. Todini, “A More Realistic Approach to the “Extended

Period Simulation” of Water Distribution Networks, Ad-

vances in Water Supply Management,” Taylor & Francis,

Chapter 19, 2003.

[2] F. Martinez, P. Conejos and J. Vercher, “Developing an

Integrated Model for Water Distribution Systems Con-

sidering Both Distributed Leakage and Pressure Depend-

ent Demands,” Proceedings of the 26th Annual ASCE

Water Resources Planning and Management Conference,

Tempe, Arizona, June 1999, pp. 1-14.

[3] G. Germanopoulos, “A Technical Note on the Inclusion

of Pressure Dependent Demand and Leakage Terms in

Water Supply Network Models,” Civil Engineering and

Environmental Systems, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1985, pp. 171-179.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02630258508970401

[4] G. Germanopoulos, P. W. Jowitt and J. P. Lumbers, “As-

sessing the Reliability of Supply and Level of Service for

Water Distribution Systems,” Proceedings of The Institu-

tion of Civil Engineers, Vol. 80, No. 2, 1 April 1986, pp.

413-428.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/iicep.1986.741

[5] J. Lumbers, “Re-Thinking Network Analysis for Inter-

mittent Supplies,” Water and Environment, Manager, Vol.

1, No. 3, 1996, p. 6.

[6] L. S. Reddy and K. Elango, “Analysis of Water Distribu-

tion Networks with Head Dependent Outlets,” Civil En-

gineering Systems, Vol. 3, No. 6, 1989, pp. 102-110.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02630258908970550

[7] M. Tabesh, “Implications of the Pressure Dependency of

Outflows on Data Management, Mathematical Modeling

and Reliability Assessment of Water Distribution Sys-

tems,” PhD Thesis, University of Liverpool, Liverpool,

UK, 1998.

[8] T. T. Tanyimboh and M. Tabesh, “Discussion of Com-

parison of Methods for Predicting Deficient-Network

Performance,” Journal of Water Resources Planning and

Management, Vol. 123, No. 6, 1997, pp. 369-370.

[9] J. Almandoz, E. M. Cabrera, F. Arregui, E. Jr. Cabrera

and R. Cobacho, “Leakage Assessment through Water

Distribution Network Simulation,” Journal of Water Re-

sources Planning and Management, Vol. 131, No. 6,

2005, pp. 458-466.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9496(2005)131:6(

458)

[10] A. F. Colombo and B. W. Karney, “Energy and Costs of

Leaky Pipes: Toward a Comprehensive Picture,” Journal

of Water Resources Planning and Management, Vol. 128,

No. 6, 2002, pp. 441-450.

[11] O. Giustolisi, D. Savic and Z. Kapelan, “Pressure-Driven

Demand and Leakage Simulation for Water Distribution

networks,” Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 134,

No. 5, 2008, pp. 626-635.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(2008)134:5(

626)

[12] M. L. Arora, “Flow Split In Closed Loops Expending

Least Energy,” Journal of the Hydraulics Division, Vol.

102, No. 3, 1976, pp. 455-458.

[13] M. A. Hall, “Hydraulic Network Analysis Using (Gener-

alized) Geometric Programming,” Networks, Vol. 6, No. ,

6, 1976, pp. 105-130.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/net.3230060204

[14] M. Collins, L. Cooper, R. Helgason, J. Kenningston and

L. LeBlanc, “Solving the Pipe Network Analysis Problem

Using Optimization Techniques,” Management Science,

Vol. 24, No. 7, 1978, pp. 747-760.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.24.7.747

[15] P. R. Bhave and R. Gupta, “Analysis of Water Distribu-

tion Networks,” Alpha Science International, Technology

& Engineering, University of Michigan, Michigan, 2006.

[16] J. Wagner, U. Shamir and D. Marks, “Water Distribution

Reliability: Analytical Methods,” Journal of the Water

Resources Planning and Management, Vol. 114, No. 3,

1988, pp. 253-275.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9496(1988)114:3(

253)

[17] J. Chandapillai, “Realistic Simulation of Water Distribu-

tion System,” Journal of Transportation Engineering,

Vol. 117, No. 2, 1991, pp. 258-263.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-947X(1991)117:2

(258)

[18] L. Ainola, T. Koppel, T. Tiiter and A. Vassiljev, “Water

Network Model Calibration Based on Grouping Pipes

with Similar Leakage and Roughness Estimates,” Pro-

ceedings of the Joint Conference on Water Resource En-

gineering and Water Resource Planning and Manage-

ment, Minneapolis, 2000, pp. 104-197.

[19] W. Chun-Yin and T. Ko-Ying, “Topology Optimization

of Structure Using Differential Evolution,” Journal of

Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, Vol. 42, No. 6,

2008, pp. 46-51.

[20] E. Todini and S. Pilati, “A Gradient Algorithm for the

Analysis of Pipe Networks. Computer Applications in

Water Supply. 1 (System Analysis and Simulation),” John

Wiley & Sons, London, 1988, pp. 1-20.

[21] K. N. Mallick, I. Ahmed, K. S. Tickle and K. E. Lansey,

“Determining Pipe Groupings For Water Distribution

Networks,” Journal of Water Resources Planning and

Management, Vol. 128, No. 2, 2002, pp. 130-139.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9496(2002)128:2(

130)

[22] L. Jun and Y. Guoping, “Iterative Methodology of Pres-

sure-Dependent Demand Based on EPANET for Pres-

sure-Deficient Water Distribution Analysis,” Journal of

Water Resources Planning Management, Vol. 139, No. 1,

2013, pp. 34-44.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.000022

7