Engineering, 2013, 5, 140-141
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/eng.2013.510B029 Published Online October 2013 (http://www.scirp.org/journal/eng)
Copyright © 2013 SciRes. ENG
The Study on First-Aid Education of Disaster for
Primary School Student in China
Min Zhang, Li Li Guo, Min Xu*
Beihua University, Jilin, China
Received April 2013
Objective: To investigate current status of school disaster education of primary school students and analyze potential
causes and discuss how to establish a corresponding education mode. Methods: The questionnaires of disaster know-
ledge for Primary and middle school students were used in this study and a random sampling method was adopted for
the research. Results: The primary school students maintained the high rate of disaster attention. 73% primary school
students had pay attention to the occurrence of disasters; more than 75% primary school students were lack of know-
ledge on disaster prevention and mitigation and 58.5% students were not satisfied with school disaster education work.
Conclusions: T h e r e was dislocation between the w ay and mode of school disaster education . It might improve the qual-
ity of the disaster education and expand the disaster education to promote the development of disaster education.
Keywords: Sc hool Disas ter Educa t ion; Pri mary School Stude nts
The school accidents are frequently major accidents. The
campus security has become the focus in the whole so-
ciety. Many scholars regard the accident injury of stu-
dents as the most severe problem in public health [1-3].
In China, more than 40 children are died of fire and traf-
fic accident per day on average. Safety education is the
foundation of disaster prevention. In the United States,
Japan and many other countries, the education of emer-
gency and disaster mitigation has been a kind of basic
quality education [4,5]. But in China, the disaster emer-
gency education is still in the initial stage and the tra in -
ing of aid skills is still weak. Therefore, to explore the
research situation of disaster emergency teaching educa-
tion in the youth of our country could provide a theoreti-
cal basis for the system of the teenage year disaster
600 primary school students (from Grade 3 to Grade 6)
were randomly selected from Changchun primary school
to complete questionnaires. 564 students completed the
questionnaire thoroughly. 36 primary school students
were not able to co mplete the questionnaire. The response
rate of effective questionnaires was 94% (564/600).
The questionnaires of disaster knowledge for Primary
and middle school students' focus on the students’ under-
standing of disaster, the degree of disaster affected stu -
dents, the students’ ability of dealing with disaster, the
recognition degree of disaster education, the depth of
investigation, th e response ability of disaster, the know-
ledge and education level of disaster.
2.3. Data Analysis
All data were analyzed with the SPSS 13.0 statistical
analysis software package .
3.1. The High Rate of Disaster Attention in the
The primary school students maintain the high rate of
disaster attention, 73% of primary school students have
paid attention to the occurrence of disasters and have
understood related disaster knowledge. Around 57.2% of
primary school students were more care about all kinds
of potential safety problems.
3.2. The Function of Disaster Education in
Only 3.8 5% of primary school students had the negative
A. HIGGINS ET AL.
Copyright © 2013 SciRes. ENG
opinion on that disaster education could reduce the dam-
age of primary school students, and more than 75% of
primary school students were lack of knowledge on dis-
aster prevention and mitigation, and need to keep learn-
ing. At the same time, 91.5% of students consider that
disaster education beneficial to disas ter self-help.
3.3. The Ways of Study Disaster Education
In this study, 91% of students had three or more ways to
study the relevant knowledge of disaster education, In-
ternet (60.1%) is the main way and television (29 .3%),
newspapers, school education etc.
3.4. The Satisfaction Survey of School Disaster
In the survey, only 9.4% of students attended the school
related training or courses; 58.5% of students were not
satisfied with school disaster education work (Table 1),
45% of students think that the degree of school disaster
education work is not enough, at the same time, 43.5 % of
students think the education mode is formalized, which
are the main problems existed in the s chool disaster edu-
In this study, our result showed that the current situation
of the disaster education was not optimistic. 73% of stu-
dents had paid attention to the occurrence of disasters,
but only 9.5% of students had participated in the school
organization of disaster education activities, therefore,
Table 1. The satisfaction survey of school disaster educa-
Are you take part in the school disaster education? n (%)
yes 53 (9.4%)
no 511 (90.6)*
The Satisfaction survey of school disaster education
Great 56 (10%)
Good 58 (10.2%)
Average 120 (21.3%)
Not 330 (58.5%)**
*denotes a significant difference compared to the other group (P < 0.05);
**denotes a signifi cant difference c ompared to the other group (P < 0.05).
students had fully understood disasters events but did not
prevent and reduce the damage of disasters. Students
tended to focus on disaster that had happened, but very
few students knew how to deal with the occurrence of
disaster. This phenomenon reflected poor practice ability
of the students. Therefore, there were serious dislocation s
60.1% of students usually studied the relevant know-
ledge of disasters by digital media (84.14% of the stu-
dents hoped to study the relevant knowledge of disasters
through elective courses and practical exercises in disas-
ters). Therefore, the contents of school disaster education
were not comprehensive exhibition of disaster know-
ledge, at the same time, the school disaster education was
mainly completed through releasing disaster prevention
manual and lectures. There w ere the dislocation between
the way and mode of school disaster education which
caused students to lose faith. It is the main reason.
In the present condition, the immature disaster educa-
tion was largely due to not getting enough reconstruction.
It might improve the quality of the d isaster educ ation and
expand the disaster education to promote the develop-
ment of disaster education.
This work was partially supported by the governmental
education department of Jilin province under grant
 P. La, T. Richard, et al ., “Resource for Crisi Management
 Emergency Response and Crisis Management (ERCM)
Technical Assistance, ERCM Expree, Volume 2, Lssue 8,
US Department of Education.
 Fuentes, E. Garza and M. Raymond, “Being Prepare: The
School Emergency Response Plan Handbook.”
 C. Watanabe, J. Okumum, T. Y. Chiu, et al., ”Social Sup-
port and Depressive Symptoms among Displaced Older
Adults Following the 1999 Taiwan Earthquake,” Journal
of Traumatic Stre ss, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2004, pp. 63-67.
 J. F. Phifer, “Psychological Distress and Somatic Symp-
toms after Natural Disaster: Differential Vulnerability
among Older Adults,” Psychology and Aging, Vol. 5, No.
3, 1990, pp. 412-420.