Open Journal of Orthopedics, 2013, 3, 258-260
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojo.2013.36048 Published Online October 2013 (http://www.scirp.org/journal/ojo)
Bilateral Subtalar Dislocation in Gymnast: A Case Report*
Atif Mechchat#, Mardy Abdelhak, Mohammed Shimi, Abdelhalim Elibrahimi, Abdelmajid Elmrini
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery B4, Hassan II Fez, Morocco.
Email: #email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Received August 5th, 2013; revised September 5th, 2013; accepted September 21st, 2013
Copyright © 2013 Atif Mechchat et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License,
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Subtalar dislocation is a rare injury in elite athletes. We report an unusual case of simultaneous bilateral subtalar dislo-
cation in an internation al female athlete competing in gymnastics. These injuries req uire prompt reduction and immedi-
ate immobilisation in a plaster cast for 8 weeks or wire stabilisation after open reduction if an abrupt end to a promis-
ing career is to be prevented.
Keywords: Subtalar; Dislocation; Bilateral; Gymnast
Subtalar dislocation, also known as peritalar dislocation,
refers to the simultaneous dislocation of the distal articu-
lations of the talus at the talocalcaneal and talonavicular
joints. It is not a common injury and it accounts for ap-
proximately 1% of all dislocations. Bilatetral subtalar dis-
location is rarely reported in the literature. Clo sed reduc-
tion and immobilization remain the treatment of choice.
The entrapment of the joint capsule may cause difficulty
in closed reduction; hence open reduction may be neces-
sary. This case report presents a bilateral subtalar dislo-
cation in gymnast with an unsuccessful closed reduction
of a medial right subtalar dislocation which required an
open reduction technique using wire stabilization and the
left ankle treated by closed reduction.
2. Case Report
A 24-year-old woman, a gymnast athlete, presented with
bilateral recurrent ankle sprains for a period of 2 years.
The condition had worsened during the previous 6 months
and he went to the team physiotherapist for advice. Bila-
teral instability was found but no preventive treatment
was given. The gymnast continued to participate in com-
petitions at an elitist level. While she was doing her cho-
regraphy, she fell after a jump “triple somersaults” and
she landed with her left foot on the right one. At depart-
ment of orthopaedic surgery B4, the examination reveal-
ed an inversion deformity of the both ankles (Figure
1(a)). The dorsalis pedis pulse was readily palpable and
sensation was intact. There was no sign of neurovascular
damage. Radiographs confirmed a bilateral medial subta-
lar dislocation (Figure 1(b)). Under general anaesthesia,
only the left ankle was reduced easly but the right ankle
needed an open reduction using wire stabilization due to
an entrapment of the joint capsule. Both ankles were im-
mobilized in a plaster cast for 8 weeks (Figure 1(c)). Fif-
teen months later she had no pain. The movements in the
subtalar joint were complete. Power in this foot was as
good as in the other.
Elite female gymnasts may train on average 5.36 days a
week and 5.04 hours a day , which exposes them to a
high risk of serious injury. Subtalar dislocations in fe-
male athletes are not un common but bilateral dislocations
are very rare and to our knowledge only one case have
been described by Mattingly and Sternin 1983 . They
reported a case of bilateral subtalar dislocations after
Bilateral dislocations have been reported with ehlers
danlos syndrome . The incidence of subtalar disloca-
tion is 6 to 10 times higher than in females .
A subtalar dislocation is rarely seen in sports, though,
Grantham  reported five cases of subtalar dislocations,
of which four had occurred in basketball players. He
therefore termed the injury “the basket ball foot”.
Subtalar dislocation involves the talocalcaneal and
talonavicular joints, with the tibiotalar and calcaneocu-
boid joints remaining intact [5,6]. There are four types of
*Declaration of conflict ing interests: The authors declared no conflicts o
interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.
Copyright © 2013 SciRes. OJO
Bilateral Subtalar Dislocation in Gymnast: A Case Report 259
Figure 1. (a) Clinical examination showing bilateral defor-
mity of both ankles. (b) Radiography of both ankles show-
ing a subtalar dislocation before surgery. (c) Radiography
of right ankle after surgery.
subtalar dislocation: medial, lateral,anterior and posterior.
Medial dislocation is the mostcommon type. These inju-
ries occur due to high-energytrauma. Closed reduction and
immobilization is a common app lication for the treatment
Various factors adversely affect outcome including type
of dislocation (lateral/medial, open/closed), severity of the
injury and associated fractures . Immediate treatment
is necessary to reduce the incidence of early soft-tissue
and vascular complications and poor long-term outcomes
due topost-traumatic arthritis, talus necrosis and subtalar
Our patient had joint laxity, especially of the large-
joints and normal skin. Type-Ill and type-VII Ehlers-
Danlos syndrome is characterized by joint laxity and mi-
nimumor absent skin fi ndi ngs. Ty pe-Ill Ehl e rs-Danl os sy n-
drome has autosornal-dorninant inheritance. Since nei-
ther of the patient’s parents had the disease, it is unlikely
that she had type-Ill Ehlers-Danlo s syndrome. Therefore,
type-VII Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, which has autosomal
recessive inheritance, would be the most likely diagnosis
in this patient and the probable reason for the bilateral
Ankle disk (a “wobble board”) training has been found
not only to improve the feeling of giving way as well as
postural control and pronator muscle strength , but also
to reduce the incidence of ankle sprains . The authors
suggest that preventive measures such as ankle disk train-
ing should be obligatory in athletes suffering from func-
tional instab ility of the ankle.
 D. Caine, B. Cochrane, C. Caine, et al., “An Epidemiolo-
gic Investigation of Injuries Affecting Young Competi-
tive Female Gymnasts,” The American Journal of Sports
Medicine, Vol. 17, No. 6, 1989, pp. 811-820.
 D. A. Mattingiy and P. J. Stern, “Bilateral Subtalar Dis-
locations,” A Case Report, Clinical Orthopaedics, Vol.
177, 1983, pp. 122-124.
 T. Janssen and J. Kopta, “Bilateral Recurrent Subt alar Dis-
location,” The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, Vol. 195,
No. 67A, pp. 1432-1433.
 G. Y. El Khoury and D. H. Yoursef Zadek, “Subtalar Dis-
location,” Skeletal Radiology, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1982, pp. 99-
 S. A. Grantham, “Medial Subtalar Dislocation: Five Cases
wi th a Comm on Etiolog y,” Journal of Trauma, Vol. 4, No.
6, 1964, pp. 845-849.
 X. Conesa, V. Barro, D. Barastegui, L. Batalla, J. Tomás
and V. Molero, “Lateral Subtalar Dislocation Associated
with Bimalleolarfracture: Case Report and Literature Re-
view,” Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Vol. 50, No. 5,
2011, pp. 612-615.
Copyright © 2013 SciRes. OJO
Bilateral Subtalar Dislocation in Gymnast: A Case Report
Copyright © 2013 SciRes. OJO
 L. De Palma, A. Santucci, M. Marinelli, E. Borgogno and
A. Catalani, “Clinical Outcome of Closed Isolated Sub-
talar Dislocations,” Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma
Surgery, Vol. 128, No. 6, 2008, pp. 593-598.
 L. Camarda, U. Martorana and M. D’Arienzo, “Posterior
Subtalar Dislocation,” Orthopedics, Vol. 32, No. 7, 2009,
p. 530. http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20090527-25
 H. Tropp, “Functional Instability of the Ankle Joint,” Lin-
koping University Medical Dissertations, No. 202, 1985.
 H. Tropp, C. Askling and J. Gilquist, “Prevention of An-
kle Sprains,” The American Journal of Sports Medicine,
Vol. 13, No. 4, 1985, pp. 259-262.