MD. Z. HOSSAIN 849

study further suggests that the simple soil-structure in-

teraction tests can effectively be used in characterization

of shear behaviour of the surface treated mesh-reinforced

cement composites.

7. Acknowledgements

The present study is partly supported by the Research Grant

No. 22580271 with funds from Grants-in-Aid for Scientific

Research, Japan. The writers gratefully acknowledge these

supports. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions ex-

pressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not

necessarily reflect the views of the sponsor.

REFERENCES

[1] M. Z. Hossain and M. Z. Islam, “Embankments Failure in

Bangladesh: Causes and Recommendations,” Indian Jour-

nal of Power and River Valley Development, Vol. 60, No.

10, 2010, pp. 166-171.

[2] M. Z. Hossain, “A Study on Thin Cementitious Compos-

ite (TCC) Materials for Soil Reinforcement Applica-

tions,” Australian Journal of Agricultural Engineering,

Vol. 1, No. 4, 2010, pp. 153-159.

[3] M. T. Islam, M. Z. Hossain and M. Ishida, “Analyses of

Cost Comparison of Slope Protection Method between

Japan and Bangladesh,” International Journal of Envi-

ronment, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2012, pp. 73-79.

[4] M. T. Islam, M. Z. Hossain and M. Ishida, “Designing

Vertical and Horizontal Frame Structure for Slope Protec-

tion,” Australian Journal of Agricultural Engineering,

Vol. 3, No. 2, 2012, pp. 70-74.

[5] M. B. Hossain, T. Sakai and M. Z. Hossain, “River Em-

bankment and Bank Failure: A Study on Geotechnical

Characteristics and Stability Analysis,” American Journal

of Environmental Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2011, pp. 102-

107. doi:10.3844/ajessp.2011.102.107

[6] M. Z. Hossain, K. Ito, T. Sakai and M. B. Hossain, “Sim-

plified Slope Stability Analysis for Earth Fill Structure

with Various Types of Reinforcements,” GEOSYNTHE-

TICS ASIA 2012, 5th Asian Regional Conference on Geo-

synthetics, Bangkok, 13-16 December 2012, pp. 617-

623.

[7] J. M. Duncan, “State of the Art: Limit Equilibrium and

Finite-Element Analysis of Slopes,” Journal of Geotech-

nical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 122, No. 7, 1996, pp. 577-

596. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1996)122:7(577)

[8] D. G. Fredlund and J. Krahn, “Comparison of Slope Sta-

bility Methods of Analysis,” Canadian Geotechnical Jour-

nal, Vol. 14, No. 3, 1977, pp. 429-439.

doi:10.1139/t77-045

[9] M. Z. Hossain, “A Comparative Study on Pullout Behav-

ior of Reinforcements for Effective Design of Reinforced

Soil Structures,” International Agricultural Engineering

Journal, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2007, pp. 123-138.

[10] M. Z. Hossain, “A Potential Composite Material for Pos-

sible Applications in Earth Reinforcement,” Agricultural

Engineering International, CIGRE Journal, Vol. 10, No.

36, 2008, pp. 1-18.

[11] M. Z. Hossain, “Pullout Response of Cement Composite

Members Embedded in Soil,” ACI Materials Journal, Vol.

105, No. 1, 2008, pp. 16-124.

[12] M. Z. Hossain and S. Inoue, “Determinate Method for Slope

Stability Analysis of Earthen Structures,” International

Agricultural Engineering Journal, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2007,

pp. 15-24.

[13] M. Z. Hossain and T. Sakai, “A Study on Pullout Behav-

ior of Reinforcement Due to Variation of Water Content

of Soil,” Agricultural Engineering International, CIGRE

Journal, Vol. 9, No. 89, 2007, pp. 1-15.

[14] N. Janbu, “Slope Stability Computation,” In: R. C. Hirs-

chfeld and S. J. Poulos, Eds., Embankment-Dam Engi-

neering, Casagrande, Krieger Publishing Company, Flo-

rida, 1987, pp. 47-86.

[15] N. R. Morgenstern and V. E. Price, “The Analysis of the

Stability of General Slip Surface,” Geotechnique, Vol. 15,

No. 1, 1965, pp. 79-93.

doi:10.1680/geot.1965.15.1.79

[16] E. Spencer, “A Method of Analysis of the Stability of

Embankments Assuming Parallel Inter-Slice Forces,” Geo-

technique, Vol. 17, No. 1, 1967, pp. 11-26.

doi:10.1680/geot.1967.17.1.11

[17] S. G. Wright and J. M. Duncan, “Limit Equilibrium Sta-

bility Analyses for Reinforced Slopes,” TRB Paper No.

910441, Transportation Research Board, Washington DC,

1991.

[18] S. G. Wright, F. G. Kulhawy and J. M. Duncan, “Accu-

racy of Equilibrium Slope Stability Analysis,” Journal of

Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, ASCE, Vol. 99,

No. 10, 1973, pp. 783-791.

[19] M. Z. Hossain, “Development of a Small-Scale Universal

Apparatus for Evaluating Soil-Structure Interaction,” Jour-

nal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Vol. 5, No. 4,

2011, pp. 314-321.

[20] K. Ito, M. Z. Hossain and T. Sakai, “Development of

Design Charts for Reinforced Embankment Using Excel

Spreadsheet Slope Stability Analysis,” Proceedings of the

1st International Conferenec on Geotechnique, Construc-

tion Materials and Environment, Mie, 21-23 November

2011, pp. 183-186.

[21] M. Z. Hossain and H. Inagaki, “Dilatancy Behavior of

Soil-Structure Interfaces for Farm Roads and Embank-

ments,” Australian Journal of Agricultural Engineering,

Southern Cross Publisher, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2011, pp. 12-17.

[22] M. B. Hossain, M. Z. Hossain and T. Sakai, “Interaction

Properties of Geosynthetic with Different Backfill Soils,”

International Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 3, No. 5, 2012,

pp. 1033-1039. doi:10.4236/ijg.2012.35104

[23] M. B. Hossain, M. Z. Hossain and T. Sakai, “Evaluation

of Sand/Geosynthetic Interface Behavior for Earth Rein-

forcement,” International Journal of Geotechnical Engi-

neering, Vol. 7, No. 3, 2013, pp. 452-465.

Copyright © 2013 SciRes. IJG