Advances in Historical Studies
2013. Vol.2, No.2, 81-93
Published Online June 2013 in SciRes (
Copyright © 2013 SciRes. 81
Les Châteaux de Landiras et de Montferrand and
Their Seigneurial Families
—Part One: Setting, Medieval History, and Genealogy
Donald A. Bailey
Department of History, University of Winnipeg Winnipeg, Ma n itoba Canada
Received March 25th, 2013; revised April 27th, 201 3; accepted May 5th, 2013
Copyright © 2013 Donald A. Bailey. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons At-
tribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the
original work is properly cited.
Apart from Arnaud Communay’s “Genealogical Essay”, as he himself noted (1889: v), the Montferrands
of the Bordeaux region have been neglected.1 The present approach to their history initiated in research on
the Château de Landiras, whose baronial family tended to heiresses until one of them married a Montfer-
rand. So began a four-century association of the “first and second baronies of Guyenne”! This first part
will describe the socio-geographical settings of the two branches, some of their medieval experiences, and
then proceed to presenting the combined genealogies—a task not previously attempted. The second part
will narrate their respective and blended subsequent histories.
Keywords: Montferrand de Guyenne; Landiras; Saint Jeanne de Lestonnac; Bordeaux; Hundred Years’
War; French Revolution; Bertrand III; Pierre II; Lesparre; de Goth; de la Roque-Budos;
Communay; Graves Wine
Geographical Setting
About thirty-five kilometres southeast of Bordeaux, one
finds the name Landiras attached to a small stream, a village
and commune, and a château. The town’s medieval significance
is indicated by its holding perhaps as many as four fairs each
year (on 2 or 3 February, 11 November, the second feast of
Easter, and the second feast of Pentecost), as well as a market
every Sunday (Baurein. 1876: III, 206; Féret, 1874: II, 446).
Yet in modern times, the city has only grown from 1535 in
1726 to 2061 residents in 2009 (Baurein, III, 205; Wikepedia;
cf. Baurein: II, 205). The town’s patron saint was St. Martin,
whose feast day is the same 11 November as the town’s fourth
annual fair; the local 12th-century church bears his name (Féret,
II, 446).2
Almost three kilometres to the west of the town, one finds an
imposing château, beside the ruins of a 14th-century castle, the
principal site of the renowned seigneurie of Landiras. The ori-
ginal grand edifice was a 12th-century square fortress, with
towers at each corner and its main door protected by two other
polygon towers, surrounded by a moat. Eventually demolished,
only a few ruins, one tower or citadel, and part of the moat
remain (Jouannet, 1837: I, 275; cited in Communay: lxxiv, n. 8).
Today’s château was built in the early 19th century beside the
original site.
For their part, the Montferrand family possessed from early
times a strategically important site, dominating the mouths of
the Garonne and Dordogne Rivers and so the port city of Bor-
deaux.3 The barony extended into the parishes of Ivrac, Bassens,
Sainte-Eulalie, Saint-Pierre de Quinsac, Montferrand, Ambarès,
and La Grave-d’Ambarès (Communay, xliv, n. 4; cf. Grasset,
50). Across from Bordeaux and a little downstream, the châ-
teau fort (“castle”) of Saint-Louis-de-Montferrand, in the parish
of Saint-Pierre de Bassens, presided over its territory like a
“veritable sentinel”.4 Indeed, the Kings of England often ap-
pointed a Montferrand (from one branch or the other) as séné-
chal (grand-bailli)5 of Bordeaux. Only in 1591 was the city
able to purchase the specific property and have the château
3There’s an historical conundrum here, however, for it would be just as
likely that the Montferrand castle had served, and been seen as serving, to
protect Bordeaux as much as to threaten it. What’s the story?
4Grasset, Jean , Pastureau, 1 981 (hereafter : Grasset). I can’ t find these st rik-
ing words in the text, but they are in the virtual poster advertisement for the
book on the Internet. Grasset certainly reiterates the point in diverse words
(49, 94 & 109).
5It’s not clear why several of my sources redundantly state someone was a
balli/sénéchal! Either term refers to an agent of the king or of a lord gov-
erning a jurisdiction termed a baillage or a sénéchaussée, respectively, the
former usually found in northern France and the latter generally in the south
(“Grand” was merely a way of distinguishing a royal agent from others).
This delegated authority covered administrative, military and even judicial
1Though presenting several Montferrand families throughout Fra nce, F-A de
La Chenaye Des Bois ignored the one in Guyenne in his multivolume grand
Dictionary of French nobility (1770-1778).
The name “Montferrand” refers both to towns and to various, quite dif-
ferent families. Speaking at least of the Bordelaise extended family, one
source insists that “Monferrant” is the modern spelling, the “-d” ending
being found occasionally “in the old titles” (Féret 1889: III, 469). Not all
modern scholars respect this opinion.
2This is Saint Martin of Tours (ca. 315-8 November 397).
Earliest References
The name “Landiras” (formerly, also spelt “Landirans”, or
“Landirats” in Gascon) is found in the archives as early as the
late 12th century. The “-as” termination of words in the Gascon
language “suggests some sort of grandeur, as disagreeable as
excessive” (Baurein: III, 204).6 Rostand, seigneur de Landiras,
sold a fourth part of the dîme of Barsac in 1173 to Guillaume
Le Templier, archbishop of Bordeaux, who made a gift of the
dîme to his cathedral (Baurein: III, 161 & 207; and Lopes, 1884:
216). A Rostand de Landiras again appears in a 1236 charter.
More than a half century later, we find another Rostand de Lan-
diras and his sister, Isabelle de Landiras (1230/35-ca. 1279),7
wife of Gaillard de La Mothe (1230-1279), who probably had a
sister, Clairemonde de La Mothe. These four appear to have left
an orphan niece/daughter, Clairemonde (or Esclaremonde) de
La Mothe-Landiras (ca. 1260-1301 or ‘28). The seneschal Jean
de Grailly, from Gex, near Geneva,8 may have married “aunt”
Clairemonde de La Mothe (Bailey, 2006: 30-32)9 and arranged
to have his nephew, Jean Roussel de Saint-Symphorien, also
originally a Savoyard, marry her niece, the wealthy heiress of
Landiras.10 This Jean Roussel appeared in a document of the
year 1290, issued by Edward I of England (1272-1307), which
empowered him to look after his uncle’s estate while the latter
was in the Holy Land.11
Landiras’s medieval reputation was as “the second barony in
Guyenne”, with the Montferrand barony reputed as “the first”.
But it was not always so: Landiras appears to have had no
natural advantages for becoming a significant medieval barony.
Earlier, Lesparre—one of the largest and oldest baronies in the
Bordelaise (Baurein: I, 142)—was seen as the region’s “second
barony”. Yet as Lesparre came into and then passed out of the
possession of the barons of Landiras, their respective influence
was exchanged. And so it was with the originally powerful
barony of Blanquefort, whose brief association with the Mont-
ferrand family seems to have coincided with a transfer of
preëminence from the former to the latter. Apart from strategic
marriages and capricious genetics, I am not sure how the bar-
ony of Landiras attained such prominence. The same factors no
doubt aided the Barès family, who morphed into the Montfer-
rand. But in their case, their principal château fort, Saint-Louis-
de-Montferrand, dominated the Bordelaise and so gave natural
advantages for its prominence. Even the powerful Dukes of
Aquitaine were never able to bring the barons of Montferrand
under their sway.
Both lordships included many and diverse seignieuries,
baronnies, and even a vicomté or two, and we have tried to
respect these distinctions throughout. Some transfers of title or
terre were not truly natural, since the Kings of England some-
times arbitrarily transferred titles, suspiciously without reason
(Baurein: II, 94; cf., idem. III, 273). In addition, as the Kings of
France struggled to gain control over territories theoretically
under their suzerainty, they made other transfers as rewards for
fidelity or punishments for disloyalties. Thus, for example, the
barony of Lesparre was taken from Pierre II de Montferrand-
Landiras in 1541, but descendents pretended to the title for
several generations (Baurein: I, 159/160).
Attaining Medieval Prominence
The barony of Landiras attained prominence when, as we
have seen, Jean Roussel de Saint-Symphorien married its heir-
ess, Clairemonde de La Mothe-Landiras, around 1290. For his
uncle, Jean de Grailly, had won such favour with King Edward
I of England that he was made sénéchal of Bordeaux. Jean de
Grailly had even twice served as a crusader in the Holy Land.
Just over sixty years later, John de Stratton (another non-Bor-
delaise) married a later heiress of Landiras, Isabeau de Saint-
Symphorien, and soon brought further importance to the barony.
Their daughter’s marriage to Arnaud de Preissac brought
Landiras into association with the barony of Lesparre, as well
as several other important lordships, and made it the second
barony in Guye nne with the baron’s right to hold the bridle of
the Archbishop’s horse in processions (Grasset: 50). Soon after
her marriage, this Marguerite de Stratton inherited the seigniory
of Uzeste from the last male of the de Goth family. Then, in
1410, a third heiress in three generations brought the Landiras
and Montferrand dynasties together.
6Many details concerning Landiras and its region may be found in “Saint-
Martin de L andir as,” ar ticl e XXXI I, in Baurein Va riét és bo rdel ois es, vol. III,
204-08. (All translations from the French are by the author.)
7Dates presented like this “(1230/35-ca. 1279)” indicate the range of dis-
agreement concerning a birth, a marriage, or a death.
8Jean III de Grailly (1220/30-1303) descended from a noble Savoyard line-
age, but he became a servant of the King of England on the other side o
France, serving him both in the Bordeaux region, eventually as seneschal de
Bordeaux , and twice in the Holy Lan d. His car eer and hi s marriages cl early
established his (and his nephew’s) family in Guyenne, and justified a
changed nomenclature: “Jean I”!
9The marriage of the seneschal Jean de Grailly is both important and ob-
scure—important because he was an ancestor of Henri de Bourbon-Albret-
Foix de Navarre, who became Henry IV of France, and obscure because
many sources identify no known spouse. (See Casanovas, 1991: 140, n.
832). Many have him marry Clairemonde de La Mothe-Landiras (for details
of these sources see Bailey, 2006: 30-32), but supposed descendents of this
match soon peter out. Curiosity aroused, I thought the mystery could be
solved by seizing on a one-source mention of a same-name aunt for Claire-
monde; this resolution was problematical but it responded to diverse claims
that uncle and nephew had married the same person (loc. cit.). “Ahnentafel”
concurs with four of the standard sources (#7104).
10Jean Roussel (b. ca. 1250) was the son of Guillaume Roussel de Saint-
Symphorien (b. ca. 1220) and Guillermine (or Guillemette) de Grailly (b. ca
1225, daughter of Pierre de Grailly and sister of the seneschal of Guyenne).
An Internet source for this information gives his wife’s name as Esclar-
monde de La Mothe (1260-af. 1328); this source does not know the name o
Clairemonde’s mother, another knows the mother only as Isa
elle, while a
similar source knows the names of neither of her parents.
11For more details, see “Branches collatérales des Montferrands,” 1. The
next few pa r agraphs owe much to this source.
A few words more concerning John of Stratton, who arrived
in Guyenne in 1355. In 1377, he was defeated in a battle against
Charles V’s Constable Bertrand du Guesclin on the Lacapere
plateau, with the result that the château de Landiras temporarily
passed under French suzerainty.12 In 1379, the Stratton couple
received (as compensation?) from King Richard II (1377-1399)
the goods, situated in the Bazadais, seized from the rebel Gail-
lard de Goth, seigneur de Roaillac, a descendant of our Indie de
Goth’s uncle (Anselme, 1967: II, 173, 176 & 183)13see next
paragraph. Among other offices and remunerations, Richard II
made Jean de Stratton châtelain et connétable (castellan and
constable) of the château of Bordeaux on 26 August 1382
(Baurein: IV, 289). His widow was confirmed in these privi-
12This must have been a part of the Battle of Eymet, in which Bertrand II de
Montferran d also fought.
13This would be Gaillard I de Goth. Ansleme (1987: II, 176) describes
Gaillard I’s ambiguous relations with the English and French kings and
penalties incurred around 1345, but then has Gaillard die before Novem
1371, that is, before the confiscation mentioned above. In fact, though,
Gaillard died after 1380 (“Family de Goth”).
Copyright © 2013 SciRes.
leges in 1408. It may have been Jean de Stratton who built the
dominating château de Landiras in 1377.14
For their part, the 1303 marriage of Armaudin III de Barès’s
to Indie de Goth significantly aided the Montferrand ascend-
ency by virtue of Indie’s uncle. Bertrand de Goth, Archbishop
of Bordeaux (from 1297), was soon to be elected Pope Clement
V (1305-14). The château fort de Monferran [sic] was mag-
nificently rebuilt (Communay: 1).15 Their son Bertrand I mar-
ried Régine de Durfort, the daughter of the seigneur de Blan-
quefort,16 then the first baron of Guyenne, and of Marqueze/
Marquesse/Marquise de Goth (Bertrand’s mother’s niece). And
their son Bertrand II felt justified in changing the family name
from Barès to Montferrand. Grandson Bertrand III (1380-
1435/46) was among the several in the family to be made
chevalier de lordre de la Jarretière (knight of the [English]
Order of the Garter). Already baron and lord of Montferrand
and several other places, including Pondesac (which today
gives its name to the canton in which the commune of Landiras
is found),17 he became châtellain of the strategic château fort
de Blaye-et-Sainte-Luce and seneschal of Bordeaux (sénéchal
or grand bailli de Guyenne). The “most illustrious of the Mont-
ferrands” (Grasset: 97), he was “the first baron in Guyenne”
and a favourite of the English king.
In 1401, Bertrand III married Marguerite d’Astarac, who
bore him one or two sons, Jean I de Montferrand (bf. 1404-
1442) becoming the heir of his father’s Montferrand lands. It
was through Bertrand’s second marriage, in 1410, to the rich
heiress Na Isabeau de Preissac, that the titles and lands attached
to Landiras entered the family. Dame de La Trau, de Landiras,
etc., she was the only child of Bernard Arnaud de Preissac, who
was also, like the Baron de Montferrand, a knight (“chevalier”)
and “one of the most valiant warriors of his century” (“Mont-
ferrand”, 7). Landiras was by now the “second barony” of
Guyenne, and the Baron of Preissac was himself seneschal of
Marennes and governor of Mortagne. This marriage therefore
brought together the two most prominent families of Guyenne.
One might see such a “skillful matrimonial policy” being ex-
tended (reversed?), when, for example, the heiress Isabelle de
Montferrand brought the viscounties of Uza & Aureilhan and
other possessions into her 1572 marriage to Pierre II de Lur, so
constituting “the original nucleus of [this] family’s patrimony”
(Figéac, 1996: I, 244).
Once attaining prominence, the Montferrands had created
heraldic arms, a new device which entered general use in the
early 13th century. An English lay description of their arms
would be: “Alternating lines of gold and red, edged by a black
border dotted with bezants”.18 The marriage of Bertrand III de
Montferrand and Na Isabeau de Preissac-Landiras meant a re-
configuring of the coats of arms of both families. The joint
arms may be found in a 17th-century rendering in the choir of
the church of Saint-Michel-de-Rieufreyt, a town a little to the
north of Landiras earlier given into Gaillard de Landiras’s ju-
risdiction.19 In the upper left and lower right corners are repro-
duced the vertical gold and red lines surrounded by a black
border with bezants that we have just encountered as the Mont-
ferrand arms. In the upper right and lower left corners are those
of Landiras: on a silver (code for “white”) background is placed
a red cross, on which sit five gold (“yellow”) stars, one in the
centre and one on each arm of the cross. Superimposed in the
centre of the coat of arms, where the four crests meet, is the
Preissac symbol: a tongued, clawed lion with paws in the air.20
The Hundred Years’ War
At the time of the coming together of the Montferrand and
Landiras families, France and England were more than halfway
through the Hundred Years’ War. Officially initiated in 1337 by
Edward III’s claim to the throne of France and by troublesome
French aid to the Scots, then sustained also by commercial
ambitions, the underlying reasons were also concerned with the
English kings’ desire for more independence in their position as
French vassals. Not only had Normandy been lost to France
less than a hundred and fifty years earlier (and it was to be the
site of many battles and the temporary re-establishment of Eng-
14The 2009 labels on bottles of the château’s wine state a château was
erected in 1306, a date rather early for it to have been built by Jean de
Stratton, as suggested by Marc-Henry Le May (1995: 765). When was the
castle built whose ruins one sees today? (Le May’s recent edition of Bor-
deaux… et ses vins has the fullest discussion of the history of the Château
de Landiras of the entire series launched in 1850 by Charles Cocks. But the
series’s area of expertise lies elsewhere and perhaps cannot be relied upon
for the accuracy of every detail. Still it’s all we have on this rather central
15That is, the first page of the documentation (“pièces justificatives”). The
introduction (pp. xii-xix), together with its Genealogical Table, is a princi-
pal source fo r i nforma ti on throughout this article.
16Edward II had given Blanquefort to Bertrand de Goth in 1308 and it soon
assed into the Durfort family (Courcelles, 1824: IV, “de Blanchefort [sic]”,
5, note [in Courcelles, pagination starts over with each family]). (What does
“give” mean here, since the de Goth and Blanquefort families had intermar-
ried the century before? Sometime before 1289, Régine de Goth la jeune
[she had an elder sister with the same name] married Bernard de Durfort,
sgr de Flamarens [d. bf. 1329]). Courcelles, 1826: VI “de Goth ou de Gout”,
17. Indie de Goth was a sister born just before the second Régine. Alterna-
tively, Régine was an elder sister, the younger being named “Reine”, and it
was the elder who married Bernard de Durfort (“Famille de Goth/Gotz/
Gout”). Fo r more about In die de Goth, see note 29 below.
In 1338, Edward III transferred the seigneurie de Blanquefort to Gaillard
Roussel de Saint-Symphorien, sgr de Landiras, after Gaillard de Durfort’s
“treason”. When Gaillard de Durfort et de Duras reattached himself to
Edward III, however, the seigniory of Blanquefort was returned to him
(Baurein: II, 1 69). Durfort wa s made govern or of Calais; he died at Poitiers.
17He was also Baron de Langoiran, sieur de Rions and seigneur de Veyrines,
Agassac, and Soussans, for example. “Baron is a title given by the king to
his most faithfu l servants” (“Les Seigneurs de Landiras_2” ).
These possessions indicate an important Montferrand presence in the
Landiras region before the intermarriage o f t h e two.
18Described as “Palé d’or et de gueules, à la bordure de sable, chargée de
besans d’argent,” these arms are in another version stated to have precisely
eightbezants. Decoding this description, we note the word for wooden
stakes (“pal”), here used as a verb (“palé”) to mean dividing what become
lines into pairs; gules (“gueules”), from gule (gullet), a heraldic term for red
educed from the term for an ermine-died collar; the sable, a dark-
small carnivorous animal, which lent its name to the colour black; and
ezants, originally Byzantine gold coins, minted in Europe also in silver,
and represented in heraldry simply as small disks. (When not referring to
something like coins, the word gold was often simply heraldic code for
“yellow”, so the lines above might better be described as alternating “yel-
low and red”.)
19As early as 1307, Jean Roussel de Saint-Simphorin [sic] was described as
“Seigneu r Haut-Justicier d e l a Paroisse” (Lo rd Hi gh -Justice of the P arish) o
Saint-Michel de Riufreyt [sic], but it ap pears that th e actual exerci se of this
office had to be demanded and received by son Gaillard de Saint-Simphorin
in 1340 (Baurein: III, 82/3).
20Professor Liliane Rodriguez, of the University of Winnipeg, was im-
mensely helpful in interpreting the terms for the Preissac portion of this coat
of arms.
A reprodu ction of th ese arms, on t he left of a r ectangle s hared with those
of Jeanne de Lestonnac, may be found at “Sainte-Jeanne de Lestonnac…
JeanneEnfance”. The quoted descriptions are from “Branches collatérales
des Montferra nds” under “SA I NT-SYMPH ORIEN,” 1.
Copyright © 2013 SciRes. 83
lish sway), but French pressure on English governance in
Aquitaine was persistent and growing.21 The Maisons de Mont-
ferrand and de Landiras were to be continually active through-
out the War, and one lord or another often travelled to England
to offer advice or raise troops.
Early in 1345, the year before the war’s first great battle (at
Crécy), our Bertrand I de Montferrand was among the many
Aquitainian lords invited by Edward III to participate in a major
joust at Windsor Castle. At this “gathering of the Knights of the
Round Table”, Edward learnt of a renewed threat to his French
territories and so decided to send a large force, commanded by
Henry, Earl of Derby, to engage the French in Guyenne. Fol-
lowing the ensuing battle at Bergerac, in August 1345, both
Bertrand I de Montferrand and his brother Amanieu were
knighted. Henceforth, male members of the family were enti-
tled to call themselves “chevaliers”. Son Bertrand II fought at
both Poitiers (1356) and Eymet (1377).
Jean II Roussel de Saint-Symphorien-Landiras participated in
that same meeting of the Knights of the Round Table in Eng-
land as had Bertrand I de Montferrand. However, his own nota-
ble French campaigning was ten years later, with Edward the
Black Prince (1330-1376), rather than in the expedition in
which Montferrand was active. Indeed, Saint-Symphorien-Lan-
diras fought beside the Prince of Wales in England’s second
great victory of the war, the battle of Poitiers (19 September
1356), in which the King of France, John II the Good (1350-
1364), was taken prisoner. The baron of Landiras and Blan-
quefort accompanied the Black Prince and his royal captives to
England. Jean Froissart (ca. 1337-after 1400), the famous
French chronicler of the Hundred Years’ War, eulogized the
barons of Landiras in the following terms: “From this era and
up to the conquest of Guyenne, we see the lords of Landiras
marching at the head of the Bordelaise nobility and taking part
in the most important affairs” (cited in “Branches… des Mont-
ferrand”: 2).22
Throughout the first half of the Hundred Years’ War, the pa-
pacy found itself mired in its own struggles, and here too, the
Montferrands were twice peripherally involved. In wars of an
earlier generation, the kings of both France and England had
sought to tax the wealthy bishoprics and monasteries within
their respective jurisdictions. In this effort they were vigorously
opposed by the papacy. The culmination of the dispute was the
rough handling of Boniface VIII by agents of King Philip IV
and the Pope’s premature death. The succeeding pope was the
Frenchman Clement V, who moved the papacy and its bu-
reaucracy to Avignon, in the French-dominated Rhone Valley.
We have seen that it was Clement’s niece, Indie de Goth, who
had married Armaudin III de Barès, baron of Montferrand.
Now, in the second half of the Hundred Years’ War, the diffi-
culties following efforts to return the papacy to the city of
Rome had led to schism in the Church, with the election of two
rival popes after 1378 and then three competing popes after
1409. Towards the end of this crisis, the Roman pope was
Gregory XII (1406-1415), favoured by the English, most Ger-
man states and others, and the Avignonese pope was Benedict
XIII (1394-1423), whose papal decisions tended to reflect
French interests.
The putative and the actual Montferrand archbishops of
Bordeaux (sons of Bertrand II de Montferrand), Jean de Mont-
ferrand (1409-1410) and David de Montferrand (1413-1430),
made their allegiance to the Roman pope, Gregory XII, which
reflected the influence of and their support for the English side
in the war.23 Archbishop David was present at the meeting on 4
May 1415, held in the Chapter of Saint-Seurin (the meeting
room in an ancient basilica in Bordeaux), which attempted,
before the decisive English victory at Agincourt in October, to
negotiate an Anglo-French truce, scheduled to be signed by the
end of the year (Baurein: IV, 290). After this victory, Henry V
(1413-1422) married the French princess Catherine of Valois
and also added Normandy and other parts of northwestern
France to his domains on the Continent. As it happened, his
brother’s illegitimate daughter, Mary of Bedford,24 was in 1435
to marry into the newly established Landiras branch of the
Montferrand family. Her husband,25 eventually executed in
Poitiers, pursued perhaps the most dramatic career of all the
late-medieval Montferrands.
The story now passes to the second article, while we pause to
23David de Montferrand became bishop of Dax in 1408 and archbishop o
Bordeaux after 17 May 1413. Despite ill health, he was called to London to
advise on French affairs, but died there on 31 May 1429 (Mas-Latrie, 1889,
1397; and Fisquet, 1864: 332-33). Alternatively: bishop of Dax in 1406 and
died in 1430 (Communay: Genealogical table & xx); archbishop of Bor-
deaux in 1414 (Féret, 1889: III, 468).
Elder brother Jean de Montferrand cannot accurately be listed as archbi-
shop of Bordeaux (despite Communay: loc. cit.). As part of the dis-
among rival popes and bellicose kings, Jean was named archbishop by a
ull of Gregory XII, dated 12 December 1409, but 1) was opposed by the
incumbent, Cardinal François II Hugocinio (or Hugocio or Hugotion; Fran-
cesco Uguccione, abp. 1384-1412), who had assisted in the attempt to de-
throne Gregory at the Council of Pisa in 1409, and 2) was also opposed by
the cathedral chapter and “tous les ordres de la ville”; Jean died in the midst
of this dispu te and the Cardinal cont i nued in office (Grasset: 51; Comm u n ay
xx). Alt ernativ ely, Fr anço is II beca me arch bish op of Bo rdeaux o nly in 1389
(Fisquet: 229-32). Another story makes no mention of “David”, but errone-
ously assigns all his offices to Je an de Montferrand (Grasset: 51).
24This “girl bastard of Lancaster”, born of an unknown woman, is identified
variously as Mary Plantagenet, Mary of Lancaster, … of Bedford, … o
England. Remembered in hi story as the Duke of Bed ford, her father, John o
Lancaster (1389-1435), was appointed regent of France (1423-1433) for his
nephew, Henry VI, and then regent of England (1433-1434). Hewas to
become t he f i r s t o f the t wo ro y al-blood Dukes of Kendal in the 14thc entur y ;
for the third duke, Jean de Foix, see note 7, in Part Two. For the fourth, we
again enc ou n ter royal b l ood, in the early 20th century (Ba i ley, 2006: 34).
Baurein (I, 157) states that her dowry was 500 livres tournoisin lands
and guaranteed income. With the duke’s death before all the dowry was
transf erred, Pierr e de Montferrand became in part dependent up on the good
graces of the English ki ng H en ry VI, the duke’s uni versal heir.
25By incorrectly stating that Pierre II, this son of Bertrand III and Na Isa-
beau, died after Aug ust 1437, t he Internet s ource “Mont ferrand” (7 ) creates
confusion for where his story picks up (10). Being the eldest child of a 1410
marriage, Pierre II de Montferrand would not normally have a grandson old
enough to marry before 1435. “Montferrand” has most probably confused
his date of death with that of his mother. Pierre I de Montferrand, then,
would not be the unnumbered “Pierre” on page 7, but rather the Pierre-
Amauvin de Monferrand (d. before 1349) of pa ge 1.
21Historians won’t need to be reminded of England’s long and complex role
in governing extensive parts of France: 1) Long after their 1066 conquest o
England, the Dukes of Normandy continued to defend their rights in France,
significantly augmented by Geoffrey of Anjou’s marriage to Margaret o
England—until John lost the last of these territories to Philippe Augustus in
1214. The victories at Crécy, Poitiers and Agincourt effectively re-estab-
lis hed this suzerainty. 2) Two years after his marriage to Eleanor (or Aliéno r)
of Aquitaine (ca. 1122-1204), Henri d’Anjou had become Henry II of Eng-
land (1154-1189). Essentially the southwest quadrant of France, Eleanor’s
Guyenne was to spend the next three centuries closely tied to and often
dominate d b y its English overlords—a phenomenon ended only in 1453.
22The Internet source cited writes that this assessment was recounted by
[Léo] Drouyn [1816-1896]. (The conquest mentioned here was the one by
the English in 1373. The “final” reconquest, in 1450-1453, by the French,
was of course a fter Froissart’s death.)
Copyright © 2013 SciRes.
Copyright © 2013 SciRes. 85
examine the genealogies of these allied families. Just who were
the proprietors of the châteaux de Montferrand and de Lan-
lated through females often goes unnoticed. For all these rea-
sons, I have tried to recover younger siblings, including females,
and to indicate clearly the connections. With some hesitation, I
have offered the names of wives hitherto largely unknown, as
well as including some rarely mentioned earlier or later wives
who left no succession. Then, what about numbers? To get
three “Jean”s before our Jean IV (Jehan de Landiras), we have
to count two in the Cancon branch, the latter being Jehan’s
contemporary. But François IV de Landiras is older by a cen-
tury than François II and III in the Cancon branch; and Pierre II
de Landiras, the same with respect to Pierre I in the senior
branch! Are the numbers just Communay’s arbitrary way of
working from left to right across his table?A further challenge
is to trace titles, for a male is conventionally identified/listed as
possessing titles and properties that only entered his supervi-
sion by marriage (that is, not inheritance from either parent).
The Genealogies
These genealogies seek two objectives together, both impor-
tant: one is to show the most accurate names, titles and dates
the current author can unearth; the other is to indicate the dis-
crepancies in the secondary sources. The hope is that readers
will know, if not whom to trust, then at least where any given
source differs from others. The best known, with its extensive
family tree, is that by Arnaud Communay, and it will form our
base for the Montferrands. Unless a source states “born in” or
“died in”, there is occasional uncertainty about whether shown
dates are regnal or life. Taken at face value, some of Com-
munay’s dates suggest an heir’s possession of title during a
father’s lifetime! Where alternate suggestions lack, I have sim-
ply reiterated what dates are offered, even though several sim-
ply cannot conform to other dates offered by the same source.
(For example, a person cannot marry earlier than he or she is
born!) Sometimes accepting Communay, sometimes not, scru-
pulous attention has been given to whether the precise title be
seigneur, baron or vicomte.
Naturally, many disagreements among the sources were of
some significance. Internet sources, especially Wikipedia and
several enthusiastic genealogists, have been an immense (not
always acknowledged) assistance in adding to or correcting
printed sources, but they present so many uncertainties and
contradictions that they, too, can only be used with great care.
(Amateur genealogists can be fine and tenacious antiquarians,
but they may also lack the historian’s skill in judging what
they’ve found.) Many of the abundant dates are only approxi-
mate, and some no doubt incorrectand so a challenge for my
successors to rectify. The large Roman Numerals denote gen-
erations (Communay); the occasional immediately following
Arab Numerals denote where siblings succeed one another
Numerous duplications of names and numbers, both from
cadet houses and from merely similar names held by scattered
siblings, have seriously misled impatient genealogists. Further-
more, “Jean” is occasionally named “Jehan”or “Jehannot”; Ber-
trand, Bernard & Bérard same interchangeable, as do Amaubin,
Amaudin, Arnaudin & Almalvin. Also marriage to cousins re-
The Senior Maison de Montferrand/Montferran/Montferrant
I. Tiso de Barès (or Wareys) (documented as a living adult in 1168)
“Varèze” or “Varesio” (Courcelles, 1826: VI, “de Goth ou de Gout”, 17).
[one or two missing generations]
II.* Amanieu de Barès, écuyer, sgr de Montferrand (1242-1255); “GeneaNet” (not in Communay),
(d. 1242) Abbot (n.d.: 327)
II. Amaubin/Amaudin I de Barès (1242-1271), sénéschal de Lannes (Could Amanieu and Amaubin be the same person?)
= Gaillarde de Castillon
Brother: Étienne de Barès (1278-1283) = Marguerite de Castillon m.s.p.26
III. Amaubin II de Barès (1265-1280), baron de Montferrand in 1265
= Marguerite de Preissac27 (Pressac—Grasset: 51; Marquèze de Prechac—“GeneaNet”)
Brother: Tridon de Barès (fl. 1265) plus five other siblings without posterity
= ??? d’Anglade
>son Arnaud de Barès (fl. 1331) = ??? de la Roque
>dgtr Renaud de Montferrand, sgr d’Aiguille (1363-1397)
= ??? de Chabannes
>son Guillaume de Montferrand (1391-1399) m.s.p.
OR: Amauvin II le Jeune de Barès (ca. 1260-1285)
= Gaillarde (?) de Montferrand
IV.* Pons de Montferrand (1250-1312)
= Thalèse de ??? (b. 1267) (These dates from “Généalogie mes ancêtres”)
Pierre Armauvin III is their son (which would make him “V”)
(These three paragraphs from“Informations généalogiques” and “Arbre généalogique”).
IV. Pierre-Amaubin/Arnaudin III de Bar è s (1280-1339/49), brn de Montferrand28
Or Almalvin III de Barès (Courcelles: VI, “de Goth ou de Gout”, 17).
26“M.s.p.” = “mort sa ns p osterité” ( d ied without i ssue). Below: “N. de …” = name u nk nown.
27I am unable to place Marguerite de Preissac, let alone connect her with the line we meet later. Cf. Gastelier de la Tour (1770).
28Alternately, Pierre Amauvin (1290-1349), marriage in 1308, with Indie dying in 1328 (“Arbre généalogique de Jean Michel Ducosson”). Though also pos-
sessed of err ors, this site presented the e nt i re family tree and sometimes filled in g aps below, most notably life dates for Isabelle de Preissac.
= 1303 Indie/Inde de Goth/Got/Gout (d. 1324/35);29 or 1285-1328 (“Mes arbres”)
brings in the baronnie de Veyrines/Vérines; mother of succession
= 1330/40 Mabille de Colomb (1333-1371)—neither mrg. date fits suggested life dates!
(her full name, dates, and later mrg. date from “GeneaNet”)
Brother (?): Amalvin de Varèze (b. ca. 1314), sgr de Montferrand = 1328 Yolande de Pons
V. Bertrand/Bérard/Bernard I de Barès (1320/24-1351) or ca. 1310-1351 (“Mes arbres”)30
brn de Montferrand & châtelain de Blaye-et-Sainte-Luce; knighted in 1345
= ca. 1335 N. de Durfort (b. ca. 1315/20) (Régine de Durfort, dgtr of sgr de Blanquefort*)
Brother: Amanieu
VI. Bertrand II de Montferrand (1345/50; baron 1365-1409/10), chevalier banneret
—the first to replace “Barès” by “Montferrand” as the family name*
= ca. 1365/70 Rose d’Albret (1355-1393), dame de Pondesac
VII. Bertrand III31 de Montferrand (1380; baron 1409-1435/46), brn de Langoiran & de Veyrines,
sgr d’Agassac, de Soussans de Podensac, & sr de Rions, châtelain de Blaye, sénéchal de Guyenne,
chevalier de lordre Jarretière (“Order of the Garter”),
gouverneur de Marmande (d. 1446*32)
= before 1409 Isabeau de Pons (“Informations généalogiques”)33
= April 1401 (Communay, xxi; & for April, Grasset, 51)34 Marguerite d’Astarac (1385-1410);
Or 1382-1404 (“GENI”); mother of elder, Montferrand succession
= 1410 (Communay & Grasset, 51); 1408 (Bourrousse de Laforre, 1883: IV, 241);
1409 (?) Isabeau/Isabelle de Preissac/Pressac (1390-1437); mother of junior, Landiras succession
Bertrand III’s brothers & sister (with Maison dUza):
Jean (d. 1410), never properly archbishop of Bordeaux [see note 23, above]
VII. François I, sgr de Montferrand (d. bf. 1456)—Maison dUza (or Uzar)
= ca. 1415 Jeanne/Jouine/Jouyne Sans de Pommiers (ca. 1390- bf. 1457),
vicomtesse de Fronsac et dUza, dame de Belin & Biscarosie
Or no known wife (“Informations généalogiques”)
[VIII.] Bertrand/Bérard de Montferrand & dUza (ca. 1415-1471)35
= ca. 1445/47 Marie de Lalande (af. 1488), (see note 38)
(two later marriages for her)
Brother: Jehannot de Montferrand (b. bf. 1425)
= 1435* Johanette de Foix (b. bf. 1425*)
>son Bertrand* (*=“Informations généalogiques”)36
[IX.1] Catherine de Montferrand, vicomtesse d’Uza from 1469
= 1466 Gilles d’Albret, sgr de Castelmoron m.s.p.
[IX.2] Isabeau de Montferrand, vicomtesse d’Uza (b. 1459)
29It may be worth pointing out that Indie’s mother is sometimes identified as Miramonde de Mauléon (d. ca. 1348), who was, however, to be her father’s second
wife (mrd. May 1309) and who bore him no children. Arnaud-Garcie de Goth (1245/50-ca 1312) had married Blanche de Mauléon (1250-1286) in 1269, who
bore him nine children. Initially, Anselme, vol. II, simply lists Miramonde as de Goth’s wife, but in vol. IX of the 3rd ed. (1733), “Additions et Corrections”, he
cites/add s Blanche as t he first wi fe and mother o f the childr en (382). Fo r Blanche’s dates and fami ly name (or is this anot her confusion with de Goth’s second
wife?—cf. next paragraph in this note), see “Généalogie Famille de Carné”. She has been also named Blanche Lambert (1255-1309) (“Mes ar
res”). “1386”
was once mentioned as her date of marriage. Would Blanche and Mir a monde have been sisters o r aunt & niece? For more on Indie de Go th, see note 16 above.
Does another source blend these women by naming de Goth’s first wife “Blanche (Mirland) de Mauleon” (b. ca. 1248, mrd. 1269)? The husband in this case
is called “Arnaud-Garsie de Lomagne, vicomte de Lomagne & d’Auvillars” (ca. 1250-1312), who sired among other children an illegitimate son “Arnaud-
Garsie de Goth” (ca. 1285-after 1339)! “Our Royal… Ancestors”. Let us note that the vicomte de Lomagne is elsewhere identified as “Arnaud-Garsie de Goth”;
these needn’t be different persons! Note: Garcie/Garsie.
“Généalog ie mes ancêtres” (a s i t e I cannot find now!) also dates Bertrand’s birth to 13 1 0 .
30Speaking of the husband of Marguerite d’Astarac, but perhaps subsuming his father & grandfather too, Communay (xxi) writes that “Bérard” and “Bernard”
can sometimes be found for the more common “Bertrand”.
31These thre e asterisks (in V., VI. and VII.) denote information fr om Grasset, 1988: 51.
32A Dutch Internet genealogy offers interesting, sometimes disparate details. First, it is virtually alone in denominating the family as barons of “Saint-Louis-de-
Montferrand”, which does link the family to the site of their château. (In fact, the commune officially dropped “Saint-Louis-de-” from its name only in the
French Revolution, during the Convention nationale, 1792-1795.) Second, almost every person has slightly different dates from those suggested above:
Pierre-Amaubin III (1285-1345), Bert rand I (1315-1350), Bertrand II (1345-1409; marriage in 1475), Bertrand III (1380-1445). “Genealogieonline”.
33“Informations généalogiques” alone offers this earlier wife, Isabeau de Pons.
34Alternative mrg. dates for Marguerite d’Astarac: “before 22 March 1394, old style” (Baurein: III, 75), possible, but rather early; bf. 1409 (“Informations géné-
alogiques”); 1446 (!), (“Ah nentafel, #774”).
Did Marguerite d’Astarac have two sons, Pierrre, sgr de Soussans, and Jean (“Cdelmars”, “Informations généalogiques” & “RootsWeb”)? These sources are
aware that Isabeau de Priessac had a Pierre by Bertrand III as well. But nothing further is anywhere said of this earlier Pierre.
35Bertrand’s becoming a prisoner of the English [sic, not “of the French”?], the marriage was not immediately consummated. Bertrand’s sister, Isabeau de
Montferrand, married Guischarnaud de Saint-Martin. Most of the information concerning Bertrand (Bérard) and his d’Uza descendents comes from Courcelles
(1825: V, “d’Uza”, 41-44, a note: “Fragment sur la Maison de Montferrand”).
36A natural da ughter of G aston de Foix, Jo hanette de Foix brought the seigneurie de Fargues to the Montferr ands (Baurein: III, 231-32). Communa y’s table says
no issue. (Would the mother’s illegitimacy have denied the inheritance to her off spring?) OR: is Jeannette the wife of Jehannot’s cousin Jean I? In either cas e,
her son is named Bertrand.
Copyright © 2013 SciRes.
= 1472 Pierre II de Lur, brn de Longa (1462-1515)37 (Cf. Maison de Cancon)
David, bishop of Dax, 1406 or ‘08; archbishop of Bordeaux (1413-1429/30)
Jeanne = 1408 Jean II de Lalande (1375-1420)38
Marguerite = sgr de Massidan
VIII. Jean I de Montferrand (b. 1404/10; baron 1435-1442) or b. 1402 (Chenaye des Bois: V, 418) or 1405 (“Cdelmars”);
or d. 1441 (“Cdelmars”; Abbot, 237); killed at siege of Langon39
= ca. 1420 unknown woman (Communay, Table; “Informations généalogique s” )
Or = 1435 Jeanne/Johannette de Foix (“Cdelmars”)
IX. Bertrand IV de Montferrand (1435; baron 1442-1474), brn de Langoiran (till ca. 1454)
sgr de Margaux (from 26 May 144740), conseil le r et cham bel la n du duc de Guyenne
= ca. 1450/54 Jeanne de Luxe
Sister: Catherine de Montferrand (b. ca. 1420/22) = 1440 David de Faubournet
(“Arbres Généalogiques / Ducusson”—the earlier birth date and date of marriage)
>son Jean de Faubournet, sgr de Montferrand & Puybeton (ca. 1445-ca. 1572)
= 1481 Bernadine de Lavedan (ca. 1450-after 1517)
(“Généalogie Famille de Carné; Chenaye Des Bois, V, 418)
>dgtr Marguerite de Faubournet-Montferrand
= 1499 Pons de Gontaut, brn de Biron, as his second wife
>son Jean I de Gontaut, sgr de Montferrand41
X. Gaston I de Montferrand (1454/71-1498/1504), conseiller et chambellan du roi de France,
gouverneur de Bourg, sénéchal de Bazadais
= 1473 Catherine de Lescon (b. 1463?!)
= 14 mars 1483 Jeanne/Jehanne de Maingot de Surgères; mother of next generation
Gaston’s brother & his descendents—Maison de Cancon:
X. Jehan/Jean II de Montferrand, (b. af. 1454), vicomte de Foncaude,42
sgr de Castelmoron et Gironde (Grasset: 113)
= 1494 Louise de Juge (ca. 1480-af. 1520), comtesse de Castres43
XI. Charles III de Montferrand-Cancon-Foncaude (af. 1494-ca. 1557)
= 1526 Marie de Verdun de Hautesvignes, dame de Cancon
> dgtr Marguerite de Montferrand mrd Charles II de Montferrand of the senior branch,
her distant cousin
> dgtr Marie de Montferrand-Cancon married Louis de Lur, vicomte d’Uza (1535-1573),
grandson of Pierre de Lur and Isabeau de Montferrand, vicomtesse d’Uza44 (Cf. d’Uza)
Other Siblings: of three brothers, David de Montferrand (af. 1494–af. 1562), comte de Castres
= 1529/30 Marie Dubedat/de Bedat
>son Raymond (Robert) de Montferrand (d. 1621) (“Informations généalogiques”)
= Marthe de Cours; and then Marie de Lamouroux
>dgtr Jeanne (“Arbre généalogique”)45
XII.1. Jean III de Montferrand-Cancon-Foncaude (af. 1526-1595)
= 1556 Barbe de Pons (1520-1595) m.s.p.
XII.2. François II de Montferrand-Cancon-Foncaude (ca. 1536-1625),
succeeded senior Montferrand branch in 1591
= 1577 Claire de Pellegrue (b. bf. 1562)
XIII. François III de Montferrand-Cancon-Foncaude (af. 1577-Oct. 1660),46
37Isabeau being only thirteen years old, the marriage was not consummated till 20 January 1474. Pierre was born of Marie de Fayolle (b. 1415), Bertrand II de
Lur’s second wife (Courcelles: V, “de Lur”, 40-41).
Earlier, the same source mentions the grandson of Bertrand’s first wife, Jean de Lur (son of Bertrand III & Catherine de Gontaut-Biron) as marr ied to an I sa-
beau de Montferrand (Ibid., 27 & 32), a woman we cannot identify. Is it possible that this apparent uncle Pierre/nephew Jean should be seen as the same per-
38Their granddaughter, Marie d e Lalande (daughter of Jean III and Jeanne de Foix), married her father’s cousin, Betrand/Bérard d e Montferrand-d’Uza.
39I can date specific sieges of Langon (& Blaye) to 1339 & 1345 [sic], but to resolve the disagreement of sources about Jean de Montferrand’s death, the best I
can say is that Charles launched a major offensive in Guyenne in 1442! In his Introduction, Communay (xxv) dates Jean’s death to 1471 (typo for change to
40Baurein: II, 93. The terre de Margaux was a de pendency of the châtellenie de Banquefort (ibid., 94).
41John I de Gonta ut was the last in this line to bear the Montferrand title. (Courcelles, 1822: II, “de Gontaut-Biron”, 22; Chesnaye Des Bois, II, 285; Anselme , II
22; Moréri: I, 896—for this point & others in the t ext above) .
Concerning Bernadine de Lavedan (Jean de Faubournet’s wife) see François IV de Montferrand-Landiras (note 67).
42Whence and when the vicomté de Foncaude? Communay has an entire chapter III, “Vicomtes de Foncaude” (li-lxiv), in which he just ascribes the title to
Charles III & Je an III (lvi-lvii) without anywhere explaining its origins. He has Charles cede Foncaude to his broth er David (82-84).
43This marriage was arranged by Louise’s mother, Marie d’Albret, but opposed by her father, Boffile de Juge, comtede Castres (Communay: 47, where he
erroneously names the groom “Charles”, rather than the correct “Jean” (ibid., 39).
44Courcelles writes, without correction (!), that it is believed Marie was the last of the Montferrand-Cancon line (1825: V, “d’Uza”, 47, n. 1). Marguerite and
Marie had another sister, also named Marguer ite (who married Jacques deigneur [sic] Angevyn), and two brothers. (“Informations généalogiques”).
45“Arbre généalogique” presents David as if he were his father’s uncle.
46“After 1572”, offer s “Informations généalogiques”, for François III’s birth, yet the same source and all others have his parents marry only in 1577.
Copyright © 2013 SciRes. 87
premier baron de Guyenne, conseiller du roi
= 1625 Jacquette de Beauxoncles (bf. 1616-1635) m.s.p.47
Or mrd. 27 Oct. 1526 (“Arbre généalogique/André Decloitre”)
XI. Pierre I de Montferrand (1513-1547) —Pierre is missing from Abbot (327)
= ca. 1508 Marie/Madelaine de Carmain et de Foix
XII. Charles I de Montferrand (1513; baron 1547-1548)
= 15 or 19 March 1534 Françoise d’Aydie de Ribérac (a widow)
demoiselle de la chambre de la reine (Communay, xxxiv; Grasset, 113)
XIII.1. Charles II de Montferrand (d. 1574/5),48 premier baron de Guyenne,
maire et gouverneur de Bordeaux (1569-??)
= 1574 Marguerite de Montferrand (Charles’s cousin)49 m.s.p.
Siblings: two brothers died young; Catherine = Jean de Laminsans, brn d’Auros
>dgtr Catherine = Jean d’Achard des Augiers, sgr de Mauconseil & de Villeneuve
>son, Charles Achard, tried to claim the château & terre de Montferrand in 1591 (Communay, xliii, note 1)
XIII.2. Guy/Gui de Montferrand (ca. 1540; baron 1575-1591),50 chevalier de lordre du roi
= Jeanne d’Eschelles (d. 1594); “Dechelle” (Grasset, 113 & 115)
(Son Gédéon died a month before his father51)
THUS, the titles and remaining properties passed to François II de Montferrand-Cancon-Foncaude (d. 1625), (see above), a dis-
tant cousin. François II’s son, François III, died in October 1660 without heirs, and all passed to the Maison de Landiras.
The pre-Montferrand Maison de Landiras/Landirans/Landirats
I. Rostand/Rostang/Rustand de Landiras (documented as living in 1173)
[one or two missing generations?]
II. Rostand ?? de Landiras (documented as living in 1236)
[one or two missing generations?]
III. Rostand ?? de Landiras; brother of …
IV. Isabelle de Landiras (1230/35-ca. 1279) = Gaillard de La Mothe (1230-1279)52
V. Clairemonde/Esclaremonde de La M othe-Landir a s (ca. 1260-1301 or af. 1328)
= 27 September 1280 (?) Jean Roussel de Saint-Symphorien53 (b. bf. 1269);
after 1307/8 exercised the rights of high and low justice in the parishes of Illats,
Lassats, Guillos, Brachs, & Saint-Michel-de-Ruifreyt
VI. Gaillard Roussel de Saint-Symphorien, sgr de Landiras (1279/80-1340),
in 1340 received the same rights of high and low justice in the parishes mentioned as had his father,
again in 1342 (Baurein: III, 83);
in 1338, the seigneurie de Blanquefort was transferred to him by the king of England after Gaillard de Durfort’s “treason”
= Jeanne de Vaux (Buathier, 1995: 71)54 or
= 1309 Jeanne de Soler (b. 1299)55 [most sources say “an unknown woman”]
VII. Jean II Roussel de Saint-Symphorien, sgr de Landiras (ca. 1310/20-????)
= January or July 1343 Na-Aupeys de La Mothe et de Roquetaillade (b. bf. 1333)56
Or Na-Alpais (“Ahnentafel” #6206)
Brother or Half-Brother: Pierre de Saint-Simphorin [sic] (d. 1382)
47François III de Monferrand-Cancon-Foncaude had a younger brother of the same name (ca 1597-1620), who had become a knight of Saint-Jean de Malte/St.
John of Malta.
48Let us note here that while Féret (III, 468-69) seems to have an accurate grasp of essential events, he skips generations and assigns Charles II’s exploits to
“Gaston II”. Or i s t his last just a typo or a jumping over to the Landiras branch?
49She was the granddaughter of Jehan II de Montferrand, baron de Cancon & vicomte de Foncaude, the brother of her husband’s great-grandfather, Gaston I de
Montferra nd ( and so from another cadet branch of this senior house).
Thus, we can see that the dynastic strategies of aristocratic marriages sometimes stretched Church law against marr ying even moderately distant relatives.
(Only one source men ti ons papal d i s p ensation fo r marrying a cousin.)
50When Charles II succeeded to Montferrand, etc., Guy succeeded to the barony of Langoiran (Féret: III, 468).
51Yet on 8 March of the y ear of father’s and son’s deaths, Gé d éon sold four chevaux de guerre (Communay, Doc. XLIV, 125-26).
52“Les Seigneurs de Landiras_1” states that Gaillard de la Mote [sic] became sgr de Landiras in 1284; with seneschal Jean I de Grailly marrying C l airemonde de
la Mote the following year; and Jean Rossel [sic] receives the seigneurie from Edward III [sic] in 1315. If we allow Gaillard (and Isa
elle) to live so long, he
could b e so r ecogn ized, wh eth er as h us ban d o r as wido wer i n p lace o f h is dau ghter ; an d r ecog nit ion by Ed ward II wou ld not b e unwelcome. But otherwise, this
is all erroneous.
One source has Gaillard de La Motte related to the de Goth family, which we’ve met above.
53Many sources have Jean Roussel married by 1290, yet born ca. 1320! Of these, only one offers for him another (earlier than Clairemonde?) wife, namely
Alpais de La Mothe (“Ahnentafel”, 13th generation, # 6206).
54“Buathier gives Gaillard & Jeanne three children: Jean, Pierre and Agnès. If sought independently, however, the only “Jeanne de Vaux” to be found on the
web married a Louis de Montalembert in 1450—over a century later!
55Most sources marry Gaill ard in 1309 to Jeanne de Sol er and give t h em only a so n , P i erre (d. 13 8 2).
Another source gives Pierre to Gaillard & Jeanne de Soler, while ascribing a half-brother Jean to Gaillard & no named mother. Buathier does include a sec-
ond marriage, in 1309, to Jeanne de Soler. “Informations généalogiques” gives only the latter marriage for Gaillard Roussel. In short, the identity of Jean’s
mother is unc ertain.
56Birthdate for Na-Au
aïs de la Mothe &
recision of ma rria
e to 16 Jul
Buathier, 71
Copyright © 2013 SciRes.
“otherwise called de Landiras, chevalier” = Marie de Colomb (1325-1393)
part owner of the Isle-Saint-George by a title of 1374 (Baurein: III, 37).
>dgtr Marie Roussel = Jean I de Lalande (1340-1407)
>son Jean II de Lalande (1375-1420) = 1408 Jeanne de Montferrand57
>son Jean III de Lalande (1409-1491) (“GeneaNet”)
VIII. Isabelle/Isabeau/Ysabé de Saint-Symphor i e n, dame de Landiras (ca. 1345/50-1391 or 1408 or 1424)58
= 1358/66 John of/Jean de Stratton (ca. 1340-1395) or Estratonne (Baurein: III, 80).
(In Baurein, IV, one also finds “Destratone” and “Destratonne”.)
or d. bf. February 1400 (“Branches ... des Montferrand” [2])
châtelain et connétable du château de Bordeaux (Baurein: IV, 289)
[perhaps the builder of the imposing château de Landiras (Lemay, 1995: 765)]
IX. Marguerite de Stratton-Landiras (ca.1370-1424/27), dame de Saint-Sympho ri en- Bazadais
= Bernard- (or Bermond-)Arnaud) de Preissac 59 (b. ca. 1350), (“Préchac” in the Gascon Rolls),
soudan/soudic de La Trau,60 sgr de Didonne, de Portets, d’Arb anats, & de Lesparre, etc.,
grand-bailli de Marennes, gouverneur de Montagne, chevalier de la Jarretière
X. Isabeau de Preissac-Landiras (1390-perhaps 1437), dame de La Trau, de Portets, de Lesparre,
d’Uzeste & de Saint-Symphorien-Bazadais; “Isabeau de La Trau”(Baurein: I, 157); (mother of Pierre II)
= 141061 Bertrand III de Montferrand (earlier marriage to Marguerite d’Astarac, mother of Jean I)
The Cadet Maison de Montferrand, Seigneurs de Landiras
XI. [if numbering as from the Landiras lineage, but in order to align with the Montferrand generations ...]
VIII. Pierre II de Montferrand-Landiras (af. 1410-1454) [younger half-brother of Jean I de Montferrand],
soudan de La Trau, dit brn de Lesparre,62 de Langoiran & de Landiras, sgr de Portets,
d’Arbanats, de Uzeste, de Daurange (d’Audenge?), de Daureigne (d’Origine?),
de Guillac, de Saint-Michel de Rivière-Froid, & du péage de Guillos,
sieur de La Tour de Bessan,63 gouverneur de Blaye
= bf. 1435 Marie Plantagenet de/Mary Plantagenet of Lancaster/of Bedford/of England (1420-1459/63)
Siblings: Pierre or Pey de Montferrand le jeune (Communay) OR Bertrand,
baron de Montferrand, de Frespech, de Langoiran, etc.
(Bourrousse de Laforre: IV, 241), (d. 1437) m.s.p.;
Jeanne (Gaillarde); Marcotte;
Isabeau de Montferrand (1415-1464) = 1435 François de Gramont (ca. 1410-1462);
and Marguerite de Montferrand = (?) Jacques Angevin, sgr de Rauzun, Civrac, Pujols, Bladignac, etc.?
(Courcelles: VI, “de Durfort”, 143, n. 1)
>dgtr Jeanne Angevin = Jean de Durfort, chevalier, sgr de Duras & Blancquefort,
mayor of Bordeaux, who became governor of Cremona during the Italian invasion
57Daughter of Bertrand II de Montferrand and so si st er of Bertand III & sister-in-law of Isabeau de Preissac, dame de Landira s (s ee below).
58At least two sources identify Isabelle’s father as Gaillard rather than Jean II, thereby confusing father and grandfather. Baurein identifies Na-Aupuys as
daughter of the dame en partie (so, heiress in part) de Roquetaillade, sister of Pierre de la Mothe, sgr. de Langon. (Are this sister and brother in any way related
to Clairemonde de La Mothe-Landiras, the grandmother of the husband of their daughter/niece?) Baurein spells the mother’s name “Na-Aupays” & the daugh-
ter’s “Ysabé de Saint-Simphorin” (III, 207). Baurein references a document of 7 April 1424 that refers to both mother (Is abeau) and daugh ter (Marguerit e) as
“Dames de Landiras” (III, 208), which need be only to establish a point, not an indication that the mother was still living. Without equivocation, Baurein dates
the Saint-Symphorien-Stratton marriage to “as early as 1358”, and for their longevity, gives us the date 139 1, actually for both spouses (III, 207/8).
Alternatively: “Isabeau, dame de Landiras, Bessan de St-Symphorien” (ca. 1250 [sic]-ca. 1424); John Stratton, “constable de Bordeaux, sr de Landiras” (ca.
1350-ca. 1 400); married in 1366 (“Ahnentafel”, 12th generation, # 3102 & 3103).
59“Bernard Arnaud de Preissac, knight (chevalier), cap tain of a company o f hommes darmes, …, was one of the most valiant warriors of his century, contrib-
uted immeasurably to the victory of the battle of Cocherel, where he fought at the head of the Gascons on King Charles V’s side, was there badly wounded and
received f rom the k ing the mos t str iking marks of his gratitude an d was a g uarantor (conservateur) of various treaties between France and England” [my trans-
lation] (Chenaye des Bois: ?, 508, quoted in “Montferrand”). Cocherel was fought 16 May 1364, between the kings of France and Navarre (with some English
on the Na varese side) .
60The château de La Trau had been built by Pope Clement V and turned over to Arnaud Bernard d e Preissac (d. 1310), his brother-in-law, as governor, but under
the recently-new-to-Europe title of “soudan” (from “sultan”—sometimes “soudich”). Bacque translates the title as “défenseur” (1908: 19). Bernard-Arnaudde
Preissac was his great-grandson (Beltz, 1841: 265, note 1, & 268). By 1384/5 Richard II of England had given permission to hold a market and fairs in Arba-
nats/Darbenatz, a parish in the jurisdiction of the baronnie of Portets (Betz: 268; Baurein: III, 75). Bourrousse de Laforre reiterates the titles of Bermond-
Arnaud de Preyssac, bu t with the spe ll ing sgr. “d’Arnanats” (1883: IV, 241).
61For the various suggestions for dating the Montferrand-Preissa c marriage, see note 34, above.
62Bertrand III had claimed Lesparre in right of his wife, Isabeau de Preissac, but was awarded Madaillon as indemnity. Pierre raised the claims again , and was
given Langoiran instead in 1446. Henry VI gave Lesparre to John Holland, Earl of Huntingdon; Charles VII awarded it in 1450/51 to Amanieu d’Albret, sr.
d’Orval (d. ca. 1463). Communay (????); Baurein (I, 159-60); Abbot (325), who alone mentions Huntingdon; Ribadieu gives Huntingdon as an example of how
the English king sowed disputes among his vassals (1990: 192). Lost in Pierre’s demise of 1454, Langoiran was retrieved by his nephew Bertrand IV and later
sold by Guy de Montferrand in 1590 to meet debts (Abbot, 323). Alternately, Bertrand IV possessed Langoiran and was responsible for the (temporary) loss; it
was sold by Gaston I on 28 June 1578 (Communay: Doc. XLIII, 121-25).
63This extensive list is owed to Communay (1). But after Landiras, he introduces his list merely by “ensemble des terres…”, so not each item that follows need
be consi der ed a seigneurie, most notably not the “péage” (toll gate). Of course, we have his and many others’ authority that most are. (Elsewhere, giving all the
sometime possessions over the centuries, he lists seigneuries and maisons nobles together [vii]).
Copyright © 2013 SciRes. 89
IX. François IV de Montferrand-Landiras (ca. 1440-1501), sgr de Budos64 & de Cernés (Saint-Léger-de-Balson)65
= ca. 1470 Yolande Carrion (b. ca. 1450)66 OR Bernadine de Lavedan (ca. 1450-af. 1517)67
Siblings: Thomas, sgr d’Aigille (d. ca. 1470), Bertrand, sgr de Montbadon (d. ca. 1470),
Mathilde (yet Communay says all “died young”)
X. Thomas de Montferrand-Landiras68 (1470; baron 1514-1523/40), d’Uzeste and Portets:
= ca. 1500 Unknown woman OR Yoland Carrion (b. ca. 1450)
Siblings: Perre [sic] (b. 1469), Catherine & Jeanne
XI.1. Pierre III de Montferrand-Landiras (d. 30 May 1540) m.s.p.
XI.2. Gaston I de Montferrand-Landiras (d. 1540)69 m.s.p.
XI.3. Jehannot de Montferrand-Landiras, baron de Portets (1501-1561) (or b. 1510),70
(“Cdelmars”; “GeneaNet”; & “Arbre généalogique”)
= 1535 Marguerite de Grignols/Talleyrand-Grignols (ca. 1520-bf. 1561),
(Communay, “Cdelmars”; “GeneaNet” & “Arbre généalogique”)71
mother of Portets succession (viz. Ga ston et seq.)
= Françoise de Pompadour (d. 1580)
XII. Gaston de Montferrand-Portets = ???
XIII. Mathurin de Montferrand-Portets m.s.p.
XI.4. Jehan/Jean IV de Montferrand-Landiras (1505; baron 1559-1573/80)72
admitted to the ordre de Saint-Michel in 157073
= 1545 Jacquette de Rayet
XII. Gaston II de Montferrand-Landiras (d. early 1597)
= 1573 (Saint) Jeanne de Lestonnac (1556-1640)
Siblings: Barbe; Marie = Bernard de Faverolles, sgr de La Planche;
Catherine = Antoine de Chanteloube, sgr de Branda;
Marguerite = François de Sentout
XIII. François V de Montferrand-Landiras (1580-1619/20), sgr de St-Morillon, bourgeois de Bordeaux,
gentilhomme ordinaire de la chambre du roi in 1603, capitaine dune compagnie des chevaux légers74
= 3 July 1600 Marguerite de Cazalis (1583-1620)
64Given that the Montferrand-Landiras patrimony would fall to the La Roque-Budos family in the middle of the 18th century (cf. note 30, in Part Two), this
earlier, brief ownership of Budos should be noted: André de Budos’s loyalty to the King of France cost him his lands from 1421 until his son’s repossession in
1460. In 1440, the English crown had assigned the seigneurie to François IV de Montferrand, who, in the 1443 Capitulation of Dax, however, promised to
render Budos, Castelnau and Cernés to Charles VII. Instead, François preferred to offer his son Bérard as hostage than to execute the terms of the treaty. None-
theless, in 1446 the château de Budos was assigned (temporarily) to Jean, comte de Foix. Bacque (1908: 19) (I offer these details in faith even though the same
source has Jeanne de Lestonnac born in the château de Landiras and founding her Order in Toulouse! Furthermore, Bérard de Montferrand appears to be the
hostage of the English k ing, when the post-D ax circumstances would suggest t he French?!)
65“Les Seig neurs de Landiras_1”, indeed, lists Saint-Léger-de-Balson in parenthesis after Cernés.
66Yolande Carrion married François IV according to C ommunay (table). Their children and some dates were confirmed by “RootsWeb’s WordConnect Project”.
67“Arbre généalogique” and “Informations généalogiques” give Yolande Carrion to Thomas de Montferrand and assign Bernadine de Lavedan to his father.
Both women would be a little old for marriage to Thomas. However, these respective assignments of Yolande and Bernadine do happen often enough for one to
be cautious in denying either’s accuracy.
For another Bernadine de Lavedan, see Bertrand IV de Montferrand, in the senior house. A third Bernadine married Jean/Jeannot de Montault (Anselme: ?,
605; Chenaye Des Bois: ?, 262). “Bernadine” appears to be one of the fifteen most frequently given names within the Lavedan family (“Généalog m”), and
we have found both 1450 and 1460 given to one or another Berdadine de Laveda n who died in 1517. “Our Royal … Ancestors”.
68“Les Seig neurs de Landiras_1” i n serts a Gas ton , sénéchal de Guyenne in 1465 between François and Thomas.
69One source (“Informations généalogiques”) offers no wife or date of marriage for Gaston I de Montferrand-Landiras, but gives him two children (Gaston II
and Pierre), who are more likely those of his youngest brother, Jean IV.
70If J eh an not r eal ly w as bo rn in 1 510 (a nd “J ean I V” in 15 05), we have a better explanation for why it would be Jehannot who established a cadet house. That i s,
Jehan (Jean IV) would follow the two elder, deceased brothers into the succession, while the younger, fourth brother, Jehannot, would have to be content with
an appanag e or two , as per th e 1559 ag reement men tion ed by Communay ( lxx) . Then, shou ld Jehann ot figu re in th e Landiras succession at all, let alone before
Jehan/Jean IV? They could have been co-proprietors. Anything is possible, of course, so an elder brother might have, for one reason or another, decided to
establish a cadet line. Cf. note 14, in Part Two.
71The date of marriage i s f r om Courcelles: III, “de Grignols”, 260.
“Talleyrand” is included only by Communay (lxx), but not without probability; the comté de Grignols had been in the Talleyrand house since “time imme-
morial” (Courcelles: III, “de Grignols”, 258).
“GeneaNet” offers a marriage date of 1513 (which brings it into striking clash with the only known suggestions of her birth date, viz. 1520, let alone her hus-
band’s), and then as much as offers her brother-in-law (Jean [IV], “co-seigneur de Landiras”) as her first child. Then, three more children: Gaston de Montfer-
rand (father of Mathurin [which matches other info rmation], Isabeau and Marie de Montferrand), Jacquette de Montferrand (to be wife of F rançois de La Cro pte
sr de Meinar die, and then mother of Jeanne de La Cropte), and Isabeau de Montferrand (to marry Raymond de Fortebride).
72A largely reliable source nonetheless has Jean IV die in 1563 (“Informations Généalogiques”), when most have him present at his son’s wedding ten years
“Montferrand” does not help us keep the family’s succession straight during these generations. Among other things, it merely indicates that Jean d e Montfer-
rand-Landiras had posterity and then inconsistently suggests t hat his second-oldest brother, Gaston I, was the father of Gaston II (11-12).
73“Jean de Montferrand” is listed for 1571, with the title “sgr de Portelz [sic]” (Colleville & Saint-Christo, n.d., 109), which would suggest his brother Jehannot,
but he had died in 156 1 . Cf. note 14, in Part Two.
74Identified as “Bourgeois de Landiras de Montferrand” by “GeneaNet/François”, a site which furnishes several additional dates for the next few generations.
Also by “Les Auschtzky de Bordea ux”.
Copyright © 2013 SciRes.
Sisters: Marthe (b. 1586) & Madeleine (b. 1588) became nuns;75
Cittérée Jeanne (1587-1635) = François de Chartres, sgr d’Arpaillant/Arpailhan (d. 1644)
>dgtr Marie de Chartres, O.D.N. (1640)
XIV. Bernard de Montferrand-Landiras (b. 1600), marquis de Landiras (Sept. 1651)
Succeeded to remaining properties & titles of the senior branch in 1660
= 19 Jan. 1647 or 21 Oct. 1646 (“Les Auschtzky de Bordeaux”) Marie-Delphine (or Delphinette) de Pontac (1627-af. 1675)
XV.1. Joseph-François de Montferrand, mrqs de Landiras & brn de Montferrand (d. 1698),
Grand sénéchal de Guyenne et de Libourne (Communay has Jean-Joseph)
= unknown woman m.s.p.—or not?!76
XV.2. Léon de Montferrand, mrqs de Landiras & brn de Montferrand (ca. 1659-6 May 1717)
premier baron de Guyenne, grand-sénéchal de Guyenne (declared hereditary on 21 April 1705)77
= Elizabeth de Rizaucourt (a daughter died young)
= 13 September 1700 Catherine de Meslon (1683-1724); mother of succession
Sisters: Marie-Catherine de Montferrand (1654-1731), O.D.N. (1720);
Louise de Montferrand (?)
XVI. François-Armand V de Montferrand, mrqs de Landiras & brn de Montferrand
(1704-18 August 1761), grand-sénéchal de Guyenne
= 1721 Thérèse-Jeanne du Hamel (d. 29 August 1761)
son: Charles-Hyacinthe (March 1730-2 October 1751); and
dgtr: Suzanne de Montferrand, O.D.N. (1745)
François-Armand’s sisters: Henriette Catherine Olive de Montferrand, O.D.N. (1728);
Marie Catherine Lucie de Montferrand (b. 1707), O.D.N. (1731), (“GeneaNet”);
Delphine de Montferrand (b. ca. 1702), baronne de Beychevelle78
mother of the succession
= 1720 Étienne-François de Brassier (ca. 1685-1744), sgr de La Marque
XV.1. François Armand de Brassier, mrqs de Landiras & brn de Montferrand (1723-1768)
= Mathive Jeanne Françoise Thérèse de Pommiers m.s.p.
XV.2. Étienne de Brassier, mrqs de Landiras & brn de Montferrand (1725-1787)79
(célibataire) m.s.p.
XV.3. Delphine de Brassier, mar quise de Landiras & baronne de Montferrand (1722/25-1795)
= 23 June 1745 Michel-Joseph de La Roque, baron de Budos (ca. 1715-1770)
XVI. François-Armand de La Roque-Budos, mrqs de Landiras & brn de Montferrand
(ca. 1750-1825), capitaine de dragons et chevalier de lordre de Saint-Louis; émigré
= 14 April 1787 Catherine de Ménoire de Barbe (1765/66-1792)
Siblings: Charles François Armand de La Roque-Budos (b. 1762)80 and
Marguerite de La Roque-Budos (d. 1820)81 = 1775 Jean-Baptiste-Calixte de
Montmorin (1727-1781), marquis de Saint-Hérem, maréchal des
camps et armées du roi
XVII. Catherine Delphine de La Roque -Budos, mrqse de Landiras & brnne de
Montferrand (1789-1860)
= 1814 Léon, baron de Brivazac (1774-1860) or b. 1776 (Bacque & O’Gilvy, 1856: I, 392);82
émigré (1798-1802), (O’Gilvy (1856: I, 392)
75Marthe and Madeleine de Montferrand professed as Religieuses Annunciades in 1604 and then t ransferred to their mother’s Orde r/Company of [the Daughters
of] Mary Our Lady, in 1622 (“GeneaNet”).
76One source gives them a son, François Joseph Lombard de Montferrand (1700-1770), marchand de Bordeaux, who in 1725 married Marie Labory, daughter
of Pierre François Labory, bourgeois de Landiras. “Les Auschtzky de Bordeaux” (Généra t io n 3 ; 1 .2). If father Joseph-François re ally was the elder brother, why
did the inheritance pass to his nephew? The same source has Joseph-François as the son of Bernard on his own fiche and as the son of Joseph François on the
latter’s fiche. These fiches also imply that Léon (dates, no titles) was the elder brother, yet Joseph François (no dates!) apparently bore all the Landiras titles at
some point.
Communa y also appea rs t o acknowledge a son, Pierre François de Montferrand, vicomte de Foncaude (150, but not in his table).
Abbot, after creating doubts with his Pierre and two Gastons as sons of Jean IV (above), now has a “François IV” die after 1698 and then, after brother Léon,
he offers François Armand (d. 1761) with a sister “Marie Brassier” (327).
77From here into the French Revolu ti on every marquis de Landiras, baron de Montferrand is th e premier baron de G uyenne and grand-sénéchal de Guy enne.
78A site so helpful concerning her parents and siblings aids yet further in calling this daughter Delphine de Montferrand, in contrast to the name of the nun
Marie-Catherine sugg ested by ot h ers (Communay; “GeneaNet”).
79Baurein w ri t es (in 1784-86) that M. de Brassier “est le seigneur actuel”, a statement that the “Nouvelle Edit i on ” (1876) made no effort to update (III, 208).
80This Charl es François Armand de La Roque and his widowed mother, Delphine de Brassier, sold much of the estate in 1793, during François Armand’s ab-
sence. Some sources have “Charles” precede his elder brother’s names, so it is difficult to distinguish them.
81Marguerite was Saint-Hérem’s second wife. Anselme, IX (2), 956. The barony of Beychevelle passed to this daughter, after two generations associ ated with
Landiras. Both mentions of her yo unger brother’s duel only identi fy him as her brother (see the text at note 36 in Part Two).
82Féret (III, 100) confirms 1814 for the marriage. Bacque dates the marriage to 1801 (rather early, for the bride would have been twelve and the husband not yet
ack from England) and either offers no date of death or suggests 1821. But the 1821 date is offered by Bacque as if it were the death of the elder of two sons
named “Léon”. (A death before ten was not uncommon, followed by givingthe same name to another.) The corrections and some additional information (here
& below
is from Ga rr r ic
Copyright © 2013 SciRes. 91
Copyright © 2013 SciRes.
XVIII. Léon II Armand de Brivazac (1823-1889)
= 1860 Alice Louise Caroline de Lur-Saluces (1836-1901)83
Bare as these Genealogies have attempted to be, the discern-
ing reader has already seen quite a variety of historical perspec-
tives and experiences. The narratives earlier in this article and
in the next flesh out the experienced histories of the Montfer-
rand and Landiras dynasties. Whether genealogical “fact” or
historical “interpretation”, much remains in dispute or com-
pletely unknown, but our presentation of the diversity of opin-
ion will contribute, we hope, to the resolution of some of the
The author wishes to thank the Discretionary Grant Program,
Research and Innovation Committee, of the University of Win-
nipeg (Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada), for generously agreeing
to fund the publication of these articles. He is also most grateful
to Marshall Bailey and Kathleen Sweeney for their making
possible the research trip to Bordeaux.
Abbot, P. D. (n.d.) Provinces, pays and seigneuries of France. Can-
Ahnentafel of Jean Vincent brn [sic] St. Castin d’Abbedie. Accessed 10
January 2013 and since.
Anselme, P. [Pierre Guibours] (1967). Histoire généalogique et chro-
nologique de la maison royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers
de la Couronne et de la maison du roi et des anciens barons du
royaume. Paris: Libraires Associéz; New York: Johnson Reprint,
Arbre Généalogique/André Decloitre. Accessed 21 February 2013
before and since.
Arbre Généalogique/Jean Michel Ducusson. Accessed 21 Januar y 2013,
before and since. To be highlighted, however, is his site’s offering
one of the amplest genealogies of the family to be found anywhere,
though not always internally consistent nor easy to interpret.
Les Auschtzky de Bordeaux.
Bailey, D. A. (2006). Les mystères de la maison des Grailly-Foix-
Candale. Revue de Pau et du Béarn, 33, 29-41.
Baudrillart, Alfred, Van Cauwenbergh, Étienne, & Aubert, Roger (Eds.)
(1937). Dictionnaire d ’his toi re e t de géographie ecclésiastiques.
Baurein, A. J. (1876). Variétés bordeloises; ou Essai historique et
critique sur la Topographie ancienne et moderne du Diocese de
Bordeaux (1784- 8 6 ). Bordeaux: Féret et Fils.
Beltz, G. F. (1841). Memorials of the order of the garter, from its
foundation to the present, with biographical notices of the knights in
the reigns of Edward III and Richard II. London: William Pickering.
Boidron, B., & Lemay, M.-H. (2001). Bordeaux: Ses environs et ses
vins classés par ordre de mérite (16e éd.). Bordeaux: Féret et Fils.
Bourrousse de Lafforre [Pierre] J[ules] (1860-1883). Nobiliaire de
Guyenne et de Gascogne; Revue des familles d’ancienne chevalerie
ou anoblies de ces provinces, antérieures à 1789, avec leur généa-
logies et arme. Paris: Dumoulin; Bordeaux: Féret et Fils; Paris: H.
Branches Collatérales des Montferrands., htm
(accessed 27 December 2002).
Buathier, H. (1995). Jean Ier de Grailly; un chevalier européen du
XIIIe siècle. MEX (Valais).
Casanovas, F. M. (1991). Les Ancêtres d’Henri IV. Paris: Éditions
Chenaye des Bois, François Aubert de La (1980). Dictionnaire de la
Noblesse…. Paris: Berger-Levrault.
Communay, A. (1889). Essai généalogique sur les Montferrand de
Guyenne, suivi de pièces justificatives. Bordeaux: Vve Moqu et.
Courcelles, Jean Baptiste Pierre Julien, chevalier de (1822-1833).
Histoire généalogique et héraldique des pairs de France, des grands
dignitaires de la Couronee, des principales familles nobles du
Royaume…. Paris: Arthus Bertrand.
Delmars, C. Mes ancêtres nobles. Accessed 21 January, 2 March 2013,
and between.
Dynastie de Grailly. Accessed 28 August 2004.
Family de Goth. Accessed 24 Fe bruary 2013 and since.
Féret, É. (1874). Statistique générale... du département de la Gironde,
vol. II. Paris: G . Masson; Bordeaux: Féret et Fils.
Féret, É. (1889). Statistique générale... du département de la Gironde,
vol. III. Première partie, Biographie. Paris: G. Masson; Bordeaux:
Féret et Fils.
Fisquet, M. H. (1864 et seq. ). La France pontificale (Gallia christiana):
Histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques
de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christia-
nisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 18 provinces ecclésiastiques [the
volume “Métropole de Bordeaux”]. Paris: E. Repos.
Foras, le comte E.-Amédée de (1992). Armorial et nobiliaire de l’an-
cien Duché de Savoie. Geneva: Slatkine.
Garric, A. (n.d.). Léon Armand de Brivazac. Essai de Généalogie.
Gastelier de la Tour, D.-F. (1770). Généalogie de la ma ison de Preissac,
tirée du Nobiliaire historique de la province de Languedoc. Paris.
Généalogie mes Ancêtres.
Généalogie Famille de Carné. Accessed 23 February 2013, 2 March
2013 and between.
Genealogieonline. Accesse d 23 February 2013.
GeneaNet/pierfit. Diverse Montferrand, Lestonnac and Grignols sear-
ches. Accessed 21 & 28 February, 2 March 2013, and other occa-
83Note the presence of a “de Lur” again. Cf. the Maisons d’Uza and de
84How can this list be kept useful and grateful, without being cluttered or
pretentious? The research attack, in addition to consulting solid reference
books, was to Google most of the individuals mentioned here and then click
on several of the offered links, for comparisons and comprehensiveness,
then pursuing most relatives and even properties individually. Below, I shall
list, to the fullest extent my recollection allows, the generic names of the
sites to which I am indebted, but not always their internet coördinates. The
latter are many and long, and often the only word changed is the name o
the person concerned. So, my conclusion, dear readers, is to advise you to
Google directly whoever interests you by his or her name, but to remain
open, creative and persistent in your search.
GENI. Accessed 6 April 2013.
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Montferrand des origines à la Révolution; ou Essai d’histoire locale.
Bordeaux: G.G.E.L.E.P.
Grasset, J. P., Jean, Ph., & Pastureau, J. L. (n.d.; 1981). Les seigneurs
de Montferrand-Ville. Virtually a poster promotion on the Internet
for the book!
Informations Généalogiques. Genealogie de Jean-Michel Ducosson,
Created March 2006. Accessed 2 & 22 January, 21 & 23 February,
and 2 March 2013.
Jouannet, François Vatar de (1837). Statistique du département de la
Gironde, T. I. Paris: P. Dupont.
Lemay (1995). ses vins. See Boidron.
Lopes, J. [Hierosme] (1882-1884). Histoire de l’Église métropolitaine
et primatiale Saint André-de Bordeaux (1688). Rééd., annotée et
complétée par l'abbé Callen. Bordeaux: Féret & Fils.
Mas-Latrie, Comte Louis de (1889). Trésor de chronologie d’histoire et
géographie pour l’étude et l’emploi des documents du Moyen Age.
Paris: Victor Palmé.
Montferrand. Accessed 3 December 2002 and in January 2013.
Moréri, L. (1759). Le grand dictionnaire historique, ou le mélange
curieux de l’histoire sacrée et profane. Paris: Les Libraires Associés.
Our Royal… Ancestors. Accessed 23 February 201 3 a nd earlier.
Roots Web. Accessed 6 April 20 1 3.
RootsWeb’s Word Connect Project: BEVAN BATES ATKINSON and
KIDD Ancestries.
Les Seigneurs de Landiras_1. Comité historique de Landiras. Accessed
2 January 2013.
Les Seigneurs de Landiras_2, Comité historique de Landiras. Accessed
5 January 2013.
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