Chinese Medicine, 2010, 1, 45-48
doi:10.4236/cm.2010.12009 Published Online September 2010 (
Copyright © 2010 SciRes. CM
The Wu Xing Theory and Homeostatic Interaction of
Yevgeny V. Albegov, Dmitry V. Butenko, Lyudmila N. Butenko
CAD/CAE Systems Depart ment; Volgograd St at e Tech ni ca l Universit y, Volgograd, Russ ia
E-mail: albegov05@mail.r u, but e nko
Received June 21, 2010; revised August 9, 2010; accepted August 13, 2010
In this paper the making of homeostatic models of the bioenergetic informational acupunctural human’s sys-
tem of the “Pentacube” and the “Hexagon” according to the Wu Xing rules and energy shifts dynamics is
considering. The making of the meridional homeostatic model of the bioenergetic informational acupunctural
human’s system based on the existing knowledges about the human body meridians is considering. Prefer-
ence to choice of the homeostatic functional models of the human body organs energies interaction is sub-
stantiated. The meridional control submodel of homeostatic system is defined and constructed. The descrip-
tion of control submodel, perspectives of application and development are represented.
Keywords: System Stability, Homeostat, Homeostatic Model, “Pentacube”, “Hexagon”, Meridional Homeo-
static Model, Control Submodel, “Merkabah”
1. Introduction
The fundamental issues of any system are the problems
of stability. In this paper various types of stability and
models, this stability is achieved with, are considering.
As a prototype, we consider how to reach stability in
complex systems, which are biological organisms.
For biosystems the stability issues is the problem of
homeostasis [1]. As an example of this system class sta-
bility, we selected the human organism and examined it
based on the five-membered cycle of the Wu Xing which
reflects the interaction of human organs groups.
In the process of studying of organs rhythm activity of
the Yin-Yang cycles, we came to the conclusion that the
interaction is homeostatic in nature. Then based on this
conclusion we constructed the functional homeostatic
“Pentacube” model. Next, on the basis of data available
to us, the sixth group of organs of the “Fire' ” element
was extracted. As a result we increased the order of the
system stability transforming the “Pentacube” into the
“Hexagon” model.
The next step of the model development was the ex-
traction of regulating channels of processes and their
switching centers in the homeostatic relationships. They
are represented by the meridians of the human body,
encephalon and spinal cord.
Based on the information about the levels of the system
organization processes, we have attempted to identify the
implicit control structure of the meridional homeostatic
system. On the basis of representation of two-dimensional
discrete set of stars we have concluded that the control
submodel is the “Merkabah” system.
The stellated tetrahedron is an invariant of the octahe-
dron, and hence, it is quite a stable structure in different
coordinate systems. The “Merkabah” submodel also pro-
ves the correctness of the hexagonal homeostatic model
and the meridional homeostatic model: a stable system of
biological type can be controlled only by a stable internal
structure with the same stability level. In systems of the
pentagonal type the correct stable internal model is not
Thus, the stability of the human body functioning can
be explained in terms of homeostatic nets.
2. Making of the Homeostatic Models
2.1. Making of the “Pentacube”
According to the Wu Xing theory, the pentagons of
human organs Yang and Yin have two circular cycles.
One is clockwise and stimulating in nature, the other is
anticlockwise and depressive [2]. The pentagons’ sti-
mulating and depressive processes can be graphically
represented as a pentagram (a five-pointed star). This
Copyright © 2010 SciRes. CM
may be due to the interaction between two poles of
homeostats. Besides, if you combine the Yin and Yang
organs relating to the same element according to the
Wu Xing theory, you can get a number of Yin-Yang
homeostats. The homeostatic nature of this interaction
is confirmed by the fact that organs interactions in these
homeostats are synchronized. For example, in homeo-
stat of “Metal” element (lungs—large intestine) lungs
become more active from 3 till 5 in the morning, and
large intestine from 5 till 7 in the morning; in homeostat
of “Water” element (kidneys—urinary bladder) urinary
bladder becomes more active from 15 till 17 in the af-
ternoon, and kidneys from 17 till 19 in the afternoon; in
homeostat of “Wood” element (liver—gall bladder) gall
bladder becomes more active from 23 till 1 in the night,
and liver from 1 till 3 in the night; in the homeostat of
“Fire” element (small intestine—heart), the heart be-
comes more active from 11 till 13 in the afternoon, and
small intestine from 13 till 15 in the afternoon; in the
homeostat of “Earth” element (spleen/pancreas—stom-
ach) stomach becomes more active from 7 till 9 in the
morning, and spleen/pancreas from 9 till 11 in the
morning. So, connecting all 5 known organs of Yin and
Yang horizontally and vertically, we get the homeo-
static functional “Pentacube”, in the vertexes of which
there are human organs, and the edges are homeostatic
connections between organs (Figure 1).
The direction of arrows on the figures of homeostatic
models indicate “generating” (the green one) and “over-
coming” (the black one) processes accepted and thor-
oughly described in the Wu Xing theory.
In particular, alongside with “Pentacube” model one
obtains a partial fractal model of the relationships hier-
archy of homeostats. At the same time, the chain of “the
conglutinated” homeostats represents the homeostat of
higher organizational level. The new homeostat proc-
esses information in the same manner as the component
homeostats do but at qualitatively superior level [3].
2.2. Making of the “Hexagon”
First of all, the premises for the existence of sixth group
Figure 1. Homeostatic “Pentacube”
of organs were made many hundreds years ago by an-
cient Chinese scholars. In parallel with the system of five
Zang-Fu, they created a system of circulation of the
twelve meridians (Jing-Luo), the imaginary vessel,
which circulates Qi energy, usually called “vital force”.
After developing the system of meridians, the ancient
Chinese scholars associated each meridian with a spe-
cific internal organ. Meanwhile, onto the 12 meridians
only 10 of the internal organs were assigned. So, the
question if two more internal organs existed arose. For
the additional Zang organ, the so-called “Master of the
Heart” (Xin Zhu) also known as pericardium was se-
lected. Onto the place of the sixth Fu organ, the “su-
per-organ” was selected. It is known as San Jiao or triple
heater. This organ of Three Jiaos is involved in meta-
bolic processes of the organism. Currently, one can come
across the fact that in addition to five-membered ring in
the Wu Xing cycle, there is another equal “member”.
The “Fire” element is dual and contains 4 elements (two
Zang organs and two Fu organs) in that representation.
Secondly, although the element of “Fire” fills the hu-
man body with vital energy, the physical-chemical me-
chanism of oxidation (“internal warming”) in the “Fire”
of heart—small intestine and in the “Fire” of pericar-
dium—triple heater is different.
Thirdly, we turn to the stability of systems built on
polygons. Hexagon has a higher symmetry axis L6 against
the pentagonal L5. Structures of solids, characterized by
the fifth-order axis of symmetry of the prohibited in
classical crystallography, occur rarely in nature and have
a prefix “quasi-”. The very nature aspires to create ob-
jects of different complexity levels in the hexagonal
structures. This property is manifested both at the mac-
rocosm and microcosm levels.
Fourthly, the interaction rhythm (by analogy with the
previously described homeostats) of organs such as peri-
cardium—triple heater will also be homeostatic in nature:
the pericardium becomes more active from 19 to 21 in the
evening, and triple heater from 21 till 23 in the evening.
And fifth, in a model of five-membered cycle in
pathological states of excess or lack of Qi energy in the
organs, logical rhythmic of activity has a probabilistic
nature, and points to an extreme degree of degeneration
of the pentagonal system. In the model of six-membered
cycle this uncertainty states is completely eliminated.
The ideas described above enable us to draw a conclu-
sion that the sixth group of organs exists: triple heater—
pericardium, relating to the element “Fire' ”. The proc-
esses of stimulating and suppression and, accordingly,
the homeostatic interactions of organs in sexangles of
Yin and Yang of the homeostatic functional “Hexagon”
are the same as the processes between the organs in the
pentagons of “Pentacube” (Figure 2).
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3. Making of the Meridional Homeostatic
Due to the fact, there are regulators in the compound of
homeostatic bioenergetic system, then we suggest, that as
channels of regulating the standard meridians are used,
which have projections on the surfaces of human body. It
is known, that besides 12 standard meridians, related to the
definite organs of the human body, there are other subsys-
tems of meridians, performing the functions of additional
direct and feedback connections (“miraculous” meridians,
tendinomuscular meridians, unpaired meridians, collat-
erals and secondary meridians) [4]. To switching centers,
transmitting control action into the unpaired posterome-
dian and unpaired anteromedian pretend, to our mind,
spinal cord for Yin organs and encephalon for Yang or-
gans. Chief-regulator likely to represent consis- tent be-
ginning of nature, pacing the works of homeostats of or-
gans. Since inner homeostatic interactions between the
organs in pentagon of organs are described as a five- point
star (a star as a planar geometric figure is meant) and are
exhaustive, so in sexangle of organs the inner homeostatic
interactions will be described as a six-point star/hexagram,
representing in form the projection of stellated trigonal
bipyramid on the plane, and will be also exhaustive [5,6].
Consequently the conclusion can be made about the pres-
ence of homeostatic connections between the homeostat of
“Wood” element (liver—gall bladder) and homeostat of
“Fire' ” element (pericardium—triple heater), and be-
tween the homeostat of the “Fire” element (small intes-
tine—heart) and the homeostat of “Earth” element
(spleen/pancreas—stomach) in homeostatic “Hexagon” of
the human body organs (Figure 3).
The given model of interaction of human organs ener-
gies represents a hierarchy meridional and homeostatic
net, where the meridional net represents a tracking sys-
tem with feedback connection on the wholeness of ho-
meostatic net system.
The preference of choosing forms of homeostatic models
Figure 2. Homeostatic “Hexagon”.
is based on “gold” polygons and polyhedrons since the
structures having in its basis correct n-angles have the
maximal degree of stability, information, self- organizing
and a harmonicity, whether there are creations of civili-
zations (the Egyptian pyramids, protective forts, calendars
of ancient civilizations, the theory of “civilizing hexagon”,
models of location of cities, models of classification of
smells) or the very nature (structure of che- mical sub-
stances (fullerenes, frame structures), of a atomic nucleus,
DNA chain, a crystal lattice and nanostructures) [7]. “The
golden section” and corresponding “golden” properties of
edges of functional homeostatic models are based on
concepts of space of variability of natural processes and
homeostat (elementary homeostatic system) [8].
4. Making of the Meridional Submodel
Proceeding from judgment that organizers and regulators
of local processes in the control space of the lower level of
system of correct polygons are stars (connected and not
connected), it is possible to make a conclusion, that in
homeostatic “Hexagon” (a polyhedron – a prism) of the
meridional homeostatic system of energies interaction of
human body organs such organizer-regulator of processes
is a star-shaped polyhedron—Merkabah or a stellated
Merkabah as a member of a row of Platonic solids (oc-
tahedron is an invariant to stellated trigonal bipyramid)
can model dualism. Merkabah as a process is the integral
stage of biosystem genesis, namely biological-energy
evolution of a cell: at the third stage of the ovicell division
eight cells form a stellated tetrahedron and they are ab-
solutely identical to each other [7]. Static cognitive model
of interaction a stellated tetrahedron reflects the basic
Figure 3. Meridional homeostatic model.
Copyright © 2010 SciRes. CM
rules of constructing of meridional biosystem and the
technology of forming homeostatic connections as com-
plete units. Knots in “Merkabah” system represent a brain
as the switching centers of a human body. 4 knots of
Yang-tetrahedron are the encephalon, and 4 knots of
Yin-tetrahedron – the spinal cord. And as the switching
centers encephalon and the spinal cord will be absolutely
identical to character of controlling.
The key rule of constructing consists of the following:
the meridian represents not unidirectional structural unit
(brain – body), but a contour (brain – organ – brain), or a
construction of the tunnel type with "two-way traffic".
The technology of formation of homeostatic units is ob-
viously displayed on a stellated trigonal bipyramid: ho-
meostatic couple of Yin-Yang organs is formed owing to
a crossing of meridians of the corresponding Yin-Yang
organs. We can notice that such approach does not con-
tradict, namely proves the correctness of meridional ho-
meostatic model. Having connected homeostatic couples
of Yin-Yang organs by a broken line in view of their
timely activity, we receive a flat figure hexanema, de-
termining a timely way [9] (Figure 4).
Proceeding the meridians in view of timely activity
both in a stellated tetrahedron as a whole, and in Yin and
Yang tetrahedrons, and consequently also a process of
meridional energy circulation (signals), on the given
cognitive models occurs at first clockwise, then changes
its direction on counter, i.e. on an endless helix, and on a
plane looks like an infinity sign.
Figure 4. Meridional submodel “Merkabah”.
5. Conclusions
The system approach to the construction of functional
submodel allows to observe all scope of relations of
“Merkabah” elements and connections between them and
to approach to understanding of dialectic “plan” of the
nature in organizing and controlling the processes, to see
dynamics in statics. From the point of view of the applied
component of the research, the given control submodel
allows to understand the essence of pathological proc-
esses in a human body, as infringement of energy flow
(transferring signals) in meridional system with the fur-
ther disbalance of rhythms of homeostats and displace
ment of homeostatic energy from optimum areas to the
risky areas. The same comprehension of occurrence of
disease states in turn, on the basis of knowledge of tradi-
tional Chinese medicine, will lead to forming and using of
algorithms of updating of biosystem and taking out from
pathological conditions by methods of not classical me-
dicine, but phytotherapy or acupuncture. We’d like to
note that “Merkabah” as conceptual model of relations of
complicated compound elements, has all preconditions to
deep system complication (by all aspects of the given
concept), owing to the analysis and decomposition of
6. References
[1] A. G. Teslinov, “Development of Control Systems:
Methodology and Conceptual Structures,” Globus,
Moscow, 1998.
[2] Wu Xing, 2005.
[3] A. M. Stepanov, “The Fundamental Principle of the
Medical Homeostatics,” MODEC, Voronezh, 1994.
[4] G. Luvsan, “Traditional and Modern Aspects of Oriental
Acupuncture,” Nauka, Moscow, 1991.
[5] The Star (geometry), 2008.
[6] The Bipyramid, 2008.Бипирамида
[7] A. Stahov and A. Sluchenkova and I. Scherbakov, “The
Da Vinci code and Fibonacci series,” Piter, SPb, 2007.
[8] Yu. M. Gorsky and A. M. Stepanov and A. G. Teslinov,
“Homeostatic: Harmony in Game of Contradiction,”
Reprotsentr A1, Irkutsk 1998.
[9] V. Eremeev, “A Diagram of Anthropocosmos,” ASM,
Moskva, 1994.