ents are necessary.

The main attraction of scientific work is that it leads to problems, the solution of which can not be foreseen, therefore the solution of problem of controlled thermonuclear fusion for the scientist especially attractive.

Acknowledgements

In [7] described experiments with phenomena similar to phenomena in the twirllarator. In these experiments a hot plasma was obtained. Through the gas missed the radiation from the powerful high-frequency generator of continuous operation. At the same time arose a free-floating gas discharge oval shape.

The plasma discharge had the shape of a cord about 10 centimeters, equal to half the wavelength of high-frequency oscillations. The plasma pinch was in one of the maxima of electric field. Stability of the plasma pinch along the longitudinal axis was created by electric field of high-frequency oscillations. In the radial direction the stability of the plasma pinch was provided by the rotation of the gas.

Of greatest interest is the study of plasma discharge in hydrogen or in deuterium. At low powers the discharge did not have clearly delineated boundaries. His glow was of a diffuse nature. With an increase in the applied high-frequency oscillations power the radiation became brighter, the diameter of the discharge increased and inside appeared the clearly defined core of the cord form, the cross section of which grew with power input. The higher was the pressure, the more was stable of the discharge, and the sharper was forms of core. Studying the conductivity of the plasma, and also with the help of active and passive spectral diagnostics of plasma it could be reliably established that the central part of the discharge had a very high temperature of electrons-above a million degrees. Thus, at the boundary of the plasma cord, at a distance of several millimeters, there was a temperature gradient of over one million degrees. This meant that the plasma on the surface of the cord had a high thermal insulation. The possibility of such a large temperature gradient initially caused doubts. Therefore, various methods of plasma diagnostics were tested. But all of them invariably led to the same high temperature-above a million degrees. But later it became clear that the physical nature of existence such a temperature gradient is quite understandable. Such a large temperature gradient can be explained by the fact that on the boundary of a hot plasma there is a double electric layer, from which without significant losses electrons are reflected. The possibility of the existence of such a layer has long been known.

These experiments confirm that it is possible to try to implement the project of twirllarator-the thermonuclear reactor to obtain useful energy.

Cite this paper

Smirnov, E.P. (2017) Vortex Method of Localization of Thermonuclear Plasma. Journal of Power and Energy Engineering, 5, 58-65. https://doi.org/10.4236/jpee.2017.512008

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