Creative Education
2012. Vol.3, Supplement, 111-113
Published Online December 2012 in SciRes ( DOI:10.4236/ce.2012.37B029
Copyright © 2012 SciRes.
Classification of a Course Deduction Teachings Innovation
Haozhang Sun, Xiaomin Ji, Feng Wang
Xi'an University of Technology, Xi'an, China
Received 2012
In this paper, folk art class, for example,Clarify in teaching should be based on the course (folk art) in a
form for the foundation, working people's living and production based on the main line of folk art forms
of the associated property, are classified teaching point of view, examples focus on respect to comply
with the regulatory class method, the habits of civil labor, the linkages between the various forms of folk
art and the common features of the classification of ideas, as well as the form of derivatives, function ap-
proximation, the process of convergence classified. I hope a positive reference value for the improvement
of education and teaching in the classification of cognitive and curriculum pedagogy.
Keywords: Classified Teaching; Classification Method; Deduction
The folk art is among the laborers, but also of their own art.
The working masses in productive labor, social activities, I, in
order to meet the spiritual life of the needs of their own creation
and spread of a simple, free form of ideographic and applica-
tion of them. It is not the composition of the work, techniques,
materials classification, but mankind has created a variety of art
forms in the form of the private sector [1].
Common teaching methods prevalent in the only listed on a
separate introduction and case of the several manifestations,
many folk art forms and manifestations of mutual relations and
internal relations are involved, for students, folk art seems to be
only performance classdescribed in a single case, difficult to
understand the nature of folk art widely distributed folk born in
the life of the people's labor productivity, or simply impossible
to understand. Merely express the people's yearning for a better
life "and the simple concept of trend Kat evil spirits" and su-
perficial level, or bamboo, straw, batik, clay sculpture, paper
cutting, blue cloth, folk toys ... and so on through a simple list
of law [2]. Students' understanding of the folk art is isolated
and fragmented the concept of nouns and pictures, or even just
the impression of a few isolated works of art. Therefore classi-
fied as teaching methods and the understanding of the nature of
the origin of folk art is particularly important.
To make the students thorough understanding of the folk art
and knowledge of folk art and folk art to generate interest and
enthusiasm, should be associated with various forms of folk art
in a specific teaching practice-based line, the development of
folk art was born and the presence of the foundation for basis
for the classification of folk art of teaching. Should be based on
the masses of working people's living and production in the
regulatory class method is based on respect of compliance with
civil labor habits, and strive to achieve the objective rustic real.
Between various forms of folk art in the form of derivative,
function approximation, the process of convergence and the
relationship between a more systematic classification of teach-
Analyze and explain the concept of association, the integrity
of folk art, to solve the isolation is prone to various forms of
folk art courses, the intellectual content of dispersed messy, and
students' understanding of the folk art category recognizes only
stay in the individual works of art presents the outlook on the
Classify by Derivative Form
The form of derivatives classified by the characteristics of
folk art forms of the derivative relationship between the various
forms of study from the meaning of function, classified ac-
cording to its most fundamental and most primitive form of
derived relations in the form. Series in the form of derivative
chain of folk art form, first create a form of derivative percep-
tual concepts into the a esthetic characteristics of rational analy-
For example, it is usually in the folk art teaching of the folk
art form of a separate listed and introduced the concrete form
by the teachers all the information at hand for the introduction
of the basis of information and explanation on the detailed, lack
of information of the corresponding explanation and analysis is
relatively crude. Students to obtain and understand knowledge
also the corresponding single-sided, isolation, lack of a rational
understanding of deep-seated and Global Perception. In the
students the impression that the relationship between the vari-
ous types of folk art forms like straight poplar forest, and exist
independently of each other, non-interference in each other's
But in fact between the forms of folk art of paper cutting,
dyeing, embroidery, sewing, plaiting are interdependent and
interrelated. Reference to the original form of paper cutting is
done by the beginning of the embroidery draft, known as the
pattern of paper flowers around after the original fabric color
printing, and embroidery, printing and dyeing and fabric in the
embroidery, respectively, at the beginning of life with the use
of functional the performance of the final form. From the
process perspective, including a series of processes of textile,
dyeing, sewing, embroidery, plaiting, etc.. History succinct,
with the improvement in material standards of living conditions
of working people, the spirit of the aesthetic needs of conti-
nuous improvement, these original in many aspects of the same
Copyright © 2012 SciRes.
production chain have to grow up, combined with the geo-
graphical and cultural differences were formed a variety of
different styles and the face of folk art forms, known as paper
cutting, dyeing, embroidery, cloth. However, the cause of the
beginning of its birth, the formation of living, productive labor
needs to each other derivatives is not not destroy, but also can
not let go. In the social division of labor "men plow and women
weave" these more than the woman at home to complete, so in
general terms as "female red", but also for the "workers" or
"female power". Include seeing today is the concept of female
red paper cutting, dyeing, embroidery, sewing, plaiting form of
folk art, multi-generations of mothers and daughters-law passed
along, but also referred to as the "mother’s art" [3].
Derivative in the form of folk art, folk art courses taught and
teaching activities, relations are classified, the introduction of
the concept of female red will be a variety of folk art form of
association runs through to explain, obviously vivid. So Road,
the story was thorough and meticulous, first emotionally cl oser
to the distance between the students and folk art. Paper cutting,
dyeing, embroidery, sewing, plaiting, these beautiful art forms
and works no longer seem lofty and difficult, as last night,
mother manual. Emotional closer to inevitably lead to the dee-
pening of understanding, the memory of the firm. In other
words, perceptual thorough rational understanding is profound,
and will greatly improve the efficiency of students of folk art to
understand and classroom.
Classify by Technical Process
The process of convergence classified by studying folk art
form of the existing form, find the common application of me-
dia or expression vector, in specific teaching to explain the
main line, the process of establishing its public expression vec-
tor successively in series to each step of the process, On this
basis, to analyze the characteristics of the form. Abstract con-
cepts to guide the students with the convergence characteristics
of the process procedures, or rely on a public carrier, under-
standing, memory, push the performance associated with vari-
ous forms of folk art. Think of all kinds all kinds of folk art in
the form and works by the carrier craft procedure.
For example, in many forms of folk art, stone carvings mul-
ti-pillar, the amount of Square, stigma, column bases, doors and
windows, stone, Shek Kwu and lions of stone elephants,
Shuanma stone and other building components or accessories.
The brick works for the main gate, door cover, flowers, win-
dows, screen wall, gable wall eaves and roof and other parts of
the building's exterior decoration. The carvings are mostly the
doors and windows of the residential building itself, and
household fan, shrines and internal furniture, wood carving
decoration graphical form are functional as a precondition, with
openwork carving, relief carvings and other forms. Lacquer
works with woodcarving combination, taking into account the
dual function of the corrosion protection and beautification of
buildings and furniture, with richly ornamented effect "national
Folk will be able to engage in some kind of specialized tech-
nical labor or external addition to the daily labor in a field of
expertise called craftsmen. For example, to grasp the stone
carving skills of the workers called a mason, will learn the the
woodcut skills of workers known as the carpenter. Introduced
in teaching the concept of "Carpenter", the process works and
the works of folk art known as "Carpenter Gong" or "Carpenter
workers. Private building construction and decoration as the
main line craftsmen labor for clues decoration along the build-
ing construction process followed, the series engrave stone,
carved bricks, carved wood, decorated with paint, and other
folk art, craft and form. So has the support of the "architecture"
and "Carpenter work" series, the students have a basis point and
the basis for memory and understanding of the appropriate folk
art, the ability to abstract concepts through construction and the
work of Carpenter, "think of the concrete (building The decora-
tion of the inside and outside the various types of decoration
and decorative craft) building up concepts quickly into the im-
age. Such as stone, brick, wood carvings, lacquer ware, and so
on all kinds of folk art forms filed into the room like beads out
of a variety of processes, each process in turn appear vivid,
deep and easy to remember to understand.
Classify by Function Approximation
Functional approximation classified France summed up by
analyzing the function of folk art forms, common to many folk
art forms are an approximation property. On the specific opera-
tion, regardless of the history function, social function, or the
existing functions to find out by comparing the induction be-
tween the various folk art forms of common or similar special
function levy, the functional characteristics based on the divi-
sion, summed up with the same or similar functional characte-
ristics of folk art form.
For example, sugar, clay sculpture, shadow play, kite, the il-
luminations of these folk art forms of distribution at different
times in different regions of the Spring and Autumn seasons,
urban and rural marketplace, isolated from each other indepen-
dent of each other. Teaching and other forms of folk art mixed
with each other list them all, like a broken thread people upset
unbearable, the trade-off, not to mention the understanding of
memory, imitation draws.
Can be summarized by analyzing the induction of its features
are: sugar are the streets and lanes of folk art, multi-blow or
two forms of painting, by the the hawkers Diaodan street, flow-
ers, birds, fish and insects with sugar as raw material, the text
that play video and other image to please the children. Clay is
the fields of folk art, clay-based material to shaping the Zodiac
hanging tiger mud toys, to impose a green and red painted for
the children and grandchildren to play with another auspicious.
The shadow play is a backstage folk art, from pork, beef, ani-
mal skin, cut engraved chisel painting process, shaping the
character of theater history, with light wax film with the hit
song singing of folk artists, operas rhetoric interpretation of the
classic story, entertaining enlightenment function, is one of the
important spiritual and cultural life in the peoples of the old
labor. Kite wood Harrier kite folk art from the Moti "Wood
Harrier incoming civil evolved into bamboo paper structure, to
learn the New Year decorative features, more in the spring
flying entertainment for all ages. Lantern jubilant festivals of
folk art, common in old season or marriage Shou festive mate-
rials for bamboo and rattan paper silk, its shape is changing in
style, i n civil society at the sa me time the role of ent ertainment
and cultural symbols.
Classified divided based on function approximation can be
found in the sugar people, clay sculpture, shadow puppets, kites,
illuminations and other forms of folk art have the nature of the
educational, entertainment, belong to the same culture and en-
tertainment areas. Then be summarized by reference to the
Copyright © 2012 SciRes.
concept of the common folk vocabulary of "playing the goods",
can be covered by the sugar people, clay sculpture, shadow
puppets, kites, illuminations, etc., these approximate the func-
tional properties of folk art forms. Classification with function
approximation and the unifying of the concept of "playing
goods, originally scattered sugar, clay sculpture, shadow pup-
pets, kites, illuminations of these folk art forms of have a con-
nection point and similarity, no longer seem complicated mess
bear, hard to remember, teaching and thus add to the fun.
Courses taught and teaching activities in folk art, folk art, the
function approximation characteristics are classified into
"playing the stock" concept, a variety of folk art forms together
classified to explain everything for the condensate. Such a fo-
cus on integration of the classification of explanations, from the
functional characteristics for students to find specific forms of
mutual contact of the folk art and easy to remember the connec-
tion point. Taught to help students understand the understand-
ing of folk art at the same time, the integrated approach to
learning folk art induction.
Lu Shengzhong, The b asic co n cepts of "f olk art", in A r t Research , vo l.1,
Deng Xingfu, "Def inition and classification of 'folk art'" ,in Art Obser-
vation, vol.2, pp.35,1997.
Editorial offices of the Voice of Han:Chinese female red-mother's
arts,Beijing:Peking University Press,2006