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2012. Vol.3, Supplement, 86-88
Published Online December 2012 in SciRes (http://www.SciRP.org/journal/ce) DOI:10.4236/ce.2012.37B022
Copyright © 2012 SciRes.
Quality Analysis on the Engineering Master of Biotechnology
Specialty from Enterprise
Xinglin Li, Yang Han, Aijie Cao, Jun Zhao, Liming Zhang, Shuli Man, Wenyuan Gao
Key Laboratory of Industrial Microbiology, Ministry of Education, Tianjin University of Science and
Technology, Tianjin, China
In order to express the engineering master’s culture status of biotechnology from some enterprises, by
questionnaire, 27 engineering masters from some enterprises and 22 academic masters from two universi-
ties, were investigated on the graduate students’ origin, their tut ors’ title, the enterprise size and classify,
their dissertation theme emphasis and classify, and the experiment condition for their dissertations. The
results indicated that, the engineering masters were better than the academic masters on the practice con-
dition and the practice chances, whereas, the academic masters markedly excelled the engineering masters
on the tutors’ level, the test condition, and the innovation environment of science and technology.
Keywords: Engineering Master; Enterprise Culture; Biotechnology Specialty; Comparison
Since 1984, the engineering master culture has performed for
over 20 years，many engineering masters are cultured into the
practical talents of engineering[1-3]. The engineering masters’
culture is a type of all graduate students’ education as the aca-
demic masters, but the former emphasize particularly on cul-
turing the practical and composite talents for some enterprises
[1, 4-6], therefore, comparison with the academic masters, it is
very different at the students’ types, culturing approach, and
knowledge frame [7, 8]. But there are many questions during
culturing of the engineering masters, they mainly are shown
that, its’ culturing approach lacks diversity, the culture object
isn’t clear, moreover, the teaching teams of the tutors from
some enterprises need to be enhanced, and so on [6, 8-10].
Biotechnology, an engineering master specialty, is bringing
into very important role at food, medicine, and so on. But its’
engineering master culture status from the enterprises was
scarcely reported. So this pape r arm is to try to research the fact
by questionnair e.
By questionnaire, 27 engineering masters from some enter-
prises and 22 academic masters from Tianjin University of
Science and Technology and Tianjin University of Commerce ,
were investigated on the graduate students’ origin, their tutors’
title, the enterprise size and classify, their dis ser tation theme
emphasis and classify, and the experiment condition for the ir
dissertations. The engineering masters study on the biotech-
nology specialty at the enterprises, while the academic masters
mainly study on ferment engineering specialty.
Results and Discussion
The Graduate Students’ Origin and Their Tutors’
There were difference between the engineering masters and
the academic masters at the graduate students’ origin (Table 1).
The in-service staffs and the equal educational background
students of the engineer masters were more than those of the
The educational background and the positional title of the
research supervisors were listed in Table 2. The research su-
pervisors from the schools excelled the research supervisors
from the enterprises on the educational background and the
positional title, so the latter should be improved.
The graduate students’ origin.
Equal educat ional
masters 59.3% 18.5% 22.2% 18.2%
masters 77.3% 22.7% 0% 0%
The educational background and the positional title of the research
dipl oma University
from the enterprise 18.5% 66.7% 14.8%
from the university 0% 9.1% 90.1%
Positional title Junior Intermediate Senior
from the enterprise 11.1% 29.6% 59.3%
from the university 0% 0% 100%
X. L. LI ET AL.
Copyright © 2012 SciRes.
The Enterprise Size and Classify
The investigation from the enterprise size and the enterprise
classify wa s shown at Table 3. Many enterprises were of mod-
erate size, and most of them were pharmacy and food corpora-
tions. On technique level, many enterprises were denominated
at High and New Tech. Corporation, but the enterprises of pos-
sessing postdoctoral scientific research workstation were only
The Dissertation Theme Emphasis and Classify
The dissertation theme emphasis and classify were listed at
Tables 4 and 5. The dissertation theme from the engineering
masters focused on the research of middle reaches (such as
technology optimization) and the research of down stream
(such as component purification), whereas the dissertation
theme from the academic masters focused on the research of up
stream (such as screening gene engineering culture) and the
research of middle reaches. The dissertation from the engineer-
ing masters mainly reflected technology breakthrough and re-
searches, whereas the dissertation theme from the academic
masters mainly reflected application foundation researches.
The Experiment Skills as Needed for the Students
The experiment skill as needed for the masters was divided
into five types by biotechnology specialty: asepsis operation,
cell culture, component determining, nucleic acid analysis and
protein analysis (Table 6). Two types of the masters mostly
needed to grasp the experiment skill of asepsis operation, cell
culture and component determining, otherwise, the academic
masters must grasp the experiment skill of nucleic acid analysis
and protein analysis.
The Equipment Condition for Students
The main equipments and the experiment condition evalua-
tion were listed in Table 7 and Table 8. By their research
project, the experiment condition must meet the masters to
grasp the skill on asepsis operation, cell culture, component
determining, nucleic acid analysis and protein analysis for ac-
complishing tests. Table 7 showed that the enterprises were
markedly inferior to the universitie s .
The enterprise size and classify.
size 1-10 person 11–50 person 50–100 person
Over 100 person
22.2% 40.7% 18.5% 18.5%
classify 1 Pharmacy Food Research and
88.9% 11.1% 18.5% 81.5%
The dissertation theme emphasis.
up stream Research of
middle reaches Research of
masters 14.8% 63.0% 51.9% 11.1%
masters 54.5% 59.1% 31.8% 0%
The dissertation classify.
masters 7.4% 66.7% 22.2% 3.7%
masters 77.3% 22.7% 0% 0%
The experiment skills as needed.
Determining Nucleic acid
masters 85.1% 95.6% 100% 14.8% 40.7%
masters 100% 100% 100% 81.8% 77.3%
The main equipments used as accomplishing tests.
Asepsis operation Cell culture Component Determineng Nucleic acid or protein analysis
Number of person 66.7% 59.3% 88.9% 48.1%
in common use Sterilizeng retort,
Asepsis operation desk Fermentation equipment,
oscillator Photometer, chromatogram PCR apparatus,
Number of person 100% 100% 100% 72.7%
in common use sterilizing retort,
Asepsis operation desk Oscillator,
Fermentation equipment Photometer, chromatogram PCR apparatus,
The experiment condition evaluation at the institutes.
Number of pe r son acc omplishing
all tests at an enterprises Number of person accomplishing
all tests at two or more i nst i tutions Number of person accomplishing
all tests at a scho ol
Engineering masters 59.3% 37.0% 3.7%
Academic masters 0% 27.3% 72.7%
X. L. LI ET AL.
Copyright © 2012 SciRes.
The masters’ experiment time for their dissertation.
Experiment time per day/hours Under 5 5–7 7–9 Over 9
Engineering master s 7.4% 3.7% 70.4% 18.5%
Academic masters 31.8% 40.9% 27.3% 0%
All experiment time of performing the dissertation /Months Under 12 12–18 18–24 Over 24
Engineering master s 3.7% 14.8% 55.6% 25.9%
Academic masters 18.2% 40.9% 36.4% 4.5%
The Masters’ Experiment Time for Their Dissertatio n
The masters’ experiment time for their dissertation was di-
vided into work time per day and all experiment time of per-
forming the dissertation (shown as Table 9). The time the en-
gineering masters sparing were markedly longer than that of the
There are very different between the engineering masters and
the academic masters on the practice condition and the practice
chances, the former are better than the latter, whereas, the aca-
demic masters markedly excelled the engineering masters on
the tutors’ level, the test condition, and the innovation envi-
ronment of science and technology.
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