Journal of Modern Physics, 2012, 3, 215-216 Published Online March 2012 (
Review of the Book “Causality and Reversibility in
Irr eversible T ime”
A. N. Morozov
Physics Depa rtme nt, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Moscow, Russia
Received January 19, 2012; revised February 23, 2012; accepted March 4, 2012
ISBN: 978-1-935068-55-6
117pp Pub.Date: October/2011
Price: $89
The book concerns a number of the most fundamental
concepts and problems of modern physics: causality,
entanglement and the nature of time. A distinguishing
feature of author’s approach is equal attention to both th e
theoretical and experimental challenges posed by those
issues. From very beginning, in Introduction the author
points out Kozyrev causal mechanics, suggested about
fifty years ago, as an inspirable source of ideas devel-
oped him at the modern level of rigor.
Indeed, the progress in quantum mechanics has shed a
new light on Kozyrev ideas and his experimental results.
The possibility of observation of the future states as the
existing reality demonstrated by the scientist seems now
real. The quantum mechanical principle of weak causal-
ity, originally qualitativ ely su ggested by Cra mer and then
strictly formulated by Korotaev, (Chapter 3) admits
availability of the signals in reverse time for the random
processes. The series of experiments (Chapter 6) has re-
vealed availability of the advanced response in the lab
detectors to large-scale dissipative heliogeophysical pro-
cesses. The high level of advanced correlation and the
large time shift allowed to do the long-term forecasts of
geomagnetic and solar activity.
The author goes to these final results step-by-step
through the book. In Chapter 1 he considers direct de-
velopment of Kozyrev semiclassical theory and its geo-
physical application. As a result a number of well know
facts of planetary North-South asymmetry which seemed
occasional before turns out quite regular.
In Chapter 2 the author reconsider starting points of
causal mechanics and develops a new method of causal
analysis at the beginning at the classical level. The basic
idea of causal analysis lies in formalization of intuitive
understanding of the asymmetry of a cause and an effect
owing to which one can usually distinguish them without
measuring of retardation. In other words the essence of
causal analysis is based on formalization of cause and
effect concepts from informational asymmetry of the pro-
cesses without resort to time relation. The retardation of
effect relative to the cause variables is introduced after
their definition as an axiom. Althoug h the causal analysis
was first suggested by Korotaev in 1989 for solving of
fundamental problems (and in such a manner it is de-
scribed in the book) nowadays his method is employed
by different researchers as a very practical tool of ex-
perimental data processing.
Next in Chapter 3 quantum causal analy sis is considered.
Somebody believes that the quantum world is causeless.
It proved to be a particular case. Quantu m entangled sta-
tes can be causal and this causality is very interesting.
The outstanding distinction of quantum causality from
classical one is that the for mer can exist only in the mixed
states. In other words finite quantum causality is possib le
only in the open systems. Moreover quantum causality
admits time reversal, the consequences of which are con-
opyright © 2012 SciRes. JMP
sidered in the following chapters. In Chapter 3 causal
analysis application is demonstrated by the wide series of
entangled states. Again, although quantum causal analy-
sis was suggested in connection with a basic problem of
time, its application proves to be quite practical. For in-
stance the interesting interrelatio n s between causality an d
decoherence are discovered, which can be used in the
entanglement protection tasks.
The Chapter 4 represents a theoretical-heuristic step to
the macroscopic experiment. In spite of the recent pro-
gress, development of successive theory of macroscopic
entanglement (which has to resemble classical thermo-
dynamics, i.e. to operate with the macroscopic parame-
ters) is difficult prolem and such a theory is absent at
present. The author, leaning on action-at-a-distance ele-
ctrodynamics and on the known fact of constructive role
of dissipation in entanglement generation, suggests a rea-
sonable equation of macroscopic entanglement. The equ-
ation predicts both retarded and advanced correlation and
admits the experimental verification which is done in the
last chapter. The model verification author demonstrates
as soon as the equation has been introduced. At last Bell-
type inequality is derived, violation of which is an evi-
dence of nonlocal nature of predicted macroscopic cor-
In Chapter 5 the experimental approach to the detec-
tion of above correlations is carefully discussed. The the-
ories of different detectors are described and various
sources of interferences and errors are analyzed.
At last in Chapter 6 the results of wide series of long-
term experiments are presented. These results are surpri-
sing. Really nonlocal (quantum) correlation under some
conditions can be measured at the macro-level. And re-
ally time reversal causal connection is observed. More-
over the observed advanced correlation can be utilized
for the random processes forecasting. Due to careful at-
tention paid by the author to cleanness of the experiment
these unusual results are convicting.
I think the book will attract widespread interest in ba-
sic physics community.
[1] S. M. Korotaev, “Causality and Reversibility in Ir-
revers ible Time ,” Scientific Reseach Publishing, USA,
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