**Applied Mathematics**

Vol.05 No.13(2014), Article ID:47879,7 pages

10.4236/am.2014.513193

Reliability Analysis of a Powerloom Plant Using Interval Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets

Sanjay Kumar Tyagi

General Requirements Department, Ibri College of Applied Sciences, Ministry of Higher Education, Ibri, Sultanate of Oman

Email: sanjay_tyagi94@rediffmail.com

Copyright © 2014 by author and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY).

Received 8 April 2014; revised 18 May 2014; accepted 2 June 2014

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we investigate the reliability analysis of a powerloom plant by using interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets (IVIFS). Herein, we modeled a powerloom plant as a gracefully degradable system having two units A(n) and B(m) connected in series. The reliability of n components of unit A and m components of unit B is assumed to be an IVIFS defined over the universe of discourse [0, 1]. Thus, the reliability of the system obtained is an IVIFS that covers the inherited uncertainty in data collection and reliability evaluation of a powerloom plant.

**Keywords:**

Reliability, Interval Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets, Powerloom Plant, Parallel Redundancy, Graceful Degradation

1. Introduction

It is well established that the classical set theoretic approach in reliability analysis fails to address the uncertainty up to a desired level. For systems with built-in multi-component parallel redundancy, graceful degradation [1] describes a smooth change to a lower performance level of the system. For such systems, it is therefore unrealistic to assign a number to the reliability of the different components of unit A and B. In 1965, Zadeh [2] introduced the concept of fuzzy sets. Since the inception of fuzzy set, it is widely used in reliability evaluation by many authors. Using it, Cai et al. [3] introduced the fuzzy state assumption and possibility assumption to give Profust and Possbist reliability respectively. Singer [4] presented fuzzy state theoretic approach to fault tree analysis. Chen [5] used arithmetic of fuzzy numbers to evaluate system reliability. Bowles and Palaez [6] obtained the Profust reliability estimates for a single unit gracefully degradable system. Fuzzy set theoretic approach for failure rate estimation developed by Pandey and Tyagi [7] provides comprehensive results in reliability estimation of a gracefully degradable system.

Since the introduction of fuzzy set by Zadeh [2] in 1965, the concept of fuzzy sets has been extended by various researchers such as L-fuzzy sets [8] , fuzzy multisets [9] , etc. But in the words of Gehrke et al. [10] , many people believe that assigning an exact number to an expert’s opinion is too restrictive, and that the assignment of an interval values is more realistic. Taking view of that apparently Sambuc [11] introduced interval valued fuzzy sets (IVFS). He called them -flou functions. Later, intuitionistic fuzzy set (IFS) was introduced by Atanassov [12] in 1983. IFS provides the opportunity to model hesitation and uncertainty by introducing a non-membership function in addition to membership function. Tyagi and Akram [13] used IFS to evaluate human reliability of a man-machine system. Wu and Mendel [14] made linguistic summarization using IF-THEN rules and interval type-2 fuzzy sets. Beliakov et al. [15] analyzed the median aggregation operator of IFS and IVFS. In 1989, Atanassov and Gargov [16] introduced the concept of IVIFS along with several of their properties. Unlike IFS, IVIFS maps the universe of discourse E to the set of intervals over [0, 1].

In our work, we use IVIFS to investigate the reliability evaluation of a powerloom plant. A powerloom plant is a small scale industrial setup that weaves threads of different varieties of colours to produce a long piece of cloth of standard size [17] . In the present model, let A(n) and B(m) be two units having n and m components respectively in parallel redundancy. Units A(n) carries n threads of different colours through its n-identical parallel components, and after weaving threads of some specified colour combination together provides m threads to unit B(m). Unit B(m) receives these m threads through its m-identical parallel components and weaves them together to produce a long piece of cloth of some standard size. Failure of any component of either unit would result in missing a thread of that unit and deteriorate the quality of that product. Without any loss of generality, we can assume that at the most one component of these units may fail at any point of time. This shows that both the units of the system are gracefully degradable. Further, we may assume that owing to and missing threads in unit A(n) and B(m) respectively, the quality of the product deteriorates beyond the acceptable limits. Therefore, system will be considered failed in view of reliability estimation, if k components of unit A(n) and l components of unit B(m) fail. Choice of k and l depends upon the tolerable limit to be prescribed by quality control.

2. Preliminaries

2.1. Interval Valued Fuzzy Sets

An IVFS A over a basic set E is specified by a function , where is the set of all intervals within, i.e. for all, is an interval over.

2.2. Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets

An IFS [12] on X is given by, where and such that for all.

The value is a lower bound on the degree of membership of x derived from the evidence for x and is a lower bound on the negation of x derived from the evidence against x. We refer to

as the intuitionistic index of x. It is the hesitancy of x in due to the lack of knowledge for or otherwise.

When the universe of discourse X is discrete, an IFS can be written as

.

An IFS with continuous universe of discourse X as shown in Figure 1 can be written as

.

Figure 1. Intuitionistic fuzzy set explanation of a real number.

2.3. Interval Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets

An IVIFS [16] [18] is an extension of both, the IFS and IVFS. An IVIFS A over a universal set E is defined as an object of the form:

,

where and are intervals and for all,.

This definition of IVIFS is analogous to the definition of IFS, where is the membership function and is non-membership function.

2.4. Triangular Interval-Valued Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets

A triangular interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets (TIVIFS) A over the universe E shown in Figure 2 is defined as:

2.5. Arithmetic Operations on TIVIFS

Here, we introduce some basic arithmetic operations on TIVIFS. For this, let

and

are two TIVIFS defined over a universal set E as shown in Figure 2, then following arithmetic operations between A and B can be defined [18] .

3) a) If k > 0, then,

b) If k < 0, then,

3. Reliability Analysis of a Series and Parallel Network

3.1. Series Network

Let, , be n different IVIFS representing the reliability of n different components of a series network as shown in Figure 3, then the reliability R_{S} of this

Figure 2. Membership and non-membership function of TIVIFS.

Figure 3. Series network.

series network would be given as:

(1)

3.2. Parallel Network

Let, , be n different IVIFS representing the reliability of n different components of a parallel network as shown in Figure 4, then the reliability R_{P} of this parallel network can be given as:

(2)

4. Reliability Analysis of a Powerloom Plant

As mentioned earlier, failure of any component of unit A(n) or B(m) results in missing a thread in either unit and causes the deterioration in the quality of the product. Herein, we considered that both the units in powerloom are gracefully degradable. Further, we may assume that if, threads of unit A(n) and threads of unit B(m) are missing, the quality of product deteriorates beyond the acceptable limit. In other words, we can say that the system is considered failed if k-components of unit A(n) and l-components of unit B(m) fail.

Now, let, be the reliability of n identical components of unit A and be the reliability of m identical components of unit B respectively.

Figure 4. Parallel network.

Also, let and represents the probability that at least k-components of unit A and l-components of unit B are working.

On substituting and in (3) for different values of k and l, and the following equation, we obtain the reliability of the powerloom plant.

(3)

The choice for the value of k and l components depends upon the tolerable limit prescribed by the quality control department. For numerical estimation of reliability of powerloom plant, we consider that both the units A(n) and B(m) have 10 components each, i.e. n = m = 10.

Since all 10 components of unit A(n) are identical, it may be assumed that they have equal probability of success (reliability) i.e.. In a similar manner we can assume that all components of unit B(m) are having equal reliability i.e.. In our work, we assigned TIVIFS to the reliability of each component of both the units as given below.

We consider the following cases for different values of k and l.

Case I: k = 1, l = 1 represents the system in which at least one component of both the units is required to be working for the smooth functioning of the powerloom plant. In other word, we can say that all components of unit A as well as of unit B are connected in parallel as shown in Figure 5.

Using TIVIFS assigned to the reliability of each component and (2), we evaluate the reliability and of unit A and B respectively.

On substituting the values of and in (3), we obtain the reliability R of the powerloom plant as follows.

Case II: k = 1 and l = 10 represents the system, where all components of unit A are connected in parallel and that of unit B are connected in series as shown in Figure 6.

We substitute TIVIFS assigned to the reliability of each component, in (1) and (2) to obtain the reliability and respectively.

Further, we substitute the values of and in (3) and obtain the reliability R of the powerloom plant as follows.

.

Figure 5. Powerloom plant for k = 1 and l = 1.

Figure 6. Powerloom plant for k = 1 and l = 10.

Case III: k = 10 and l = 1 represents the system in which all components of unit A should be working to keep unit A functioning i.e. all components of unit A are connected in series. In a similar manner, the unit B will be functioning if at least one component of unit B is working i.e. all components of unit B are connected in parallel as shown in Figure 7.

On substituting the values of and in (3), we obtain the reliability R of powerloom plant.

Case IV: k = 10 and l = 10 represents the system in which all components of each unit should be working i.e. all components of both the units are connected in series as shown below in Figure 8.

We substitute TIVIFS assigned to the reliability of each component in (1) to obtain the reliability and of the unit A and unit B respectively.

Further, we substitute the values of and in (3) and obtain the reliability R of the powerloom plant as follows:

5. Conclusion

In the present paper, we used IVIFS for reliability estimation of a powerloom plant. The important reason for using IVIFS is that in case of fuzzy or intuitionistic fuzzy sets, one needs a number to assign to each element of universal set. However, in some case, we may only be able to find the lower as well as upper bound of membership/non-membership grades. Herein, a powerloom plant is modeled as a two unit system connected in series and the reliability of each component of unit A(n) and B(m) is assumed to be IVIFS. Unit A(n) and B(m) are consisting of 10 components each. Further, it is evident that the failure of each component affects the failure of the powerloom plant. Therefore, the minimum number of components k and l required for unit A and B depends upon the tolerable limit prescribed by quality control. Using different values of k and l, we considered four cases

Figure 7. Powerloom plant for k = 10 and l = 1.

Figure 8. Powerloom plant for k = 10 and l = 10.

for different values of k and l and obtained the reliability of powerloom. The reliability of powerloom plant results as an IVIFS in each case. Obviously, IVIFS are most generalized form of fuzzy sets. Thus, the new approach using IVIFS provides comprehensive results and rules out under/over estimation of reliability of the powerloom plant.

Acknowledgements

The author would like to extend his heartfelt gratitude to the editor and anonymous reviewers for their critical evaluation and constructive suggestions.

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