Table 2. Descriptive information about experimental and control groups at pre-test and post-test of clinical symptoms.

In Iran, the most common treatment in these children is using intervention of drug while this is not complete and conclusive treatment .However, in some children may cause side effects and it has also been found that the use of medications, causing families with children with attention deficit disorder/hyperactivity don’t use other complementary therapies including psychological treatment. Hence, a researcher would like to investigate the effects of family-based behavioral treatment for children with behavior Barkley on clinical symptoms of attention deficit disorder―ADHD in this study.

Results of multivariate analysis of covariance indicated that behavioral family therapy based on Barkley’s behavior cause that the experimental group had better performance in conduct problems, learning problems, psychosomatic symptoms, signs, impulsive hyperactivity, anxiety symptoms, and hyperactivity index than control group who had received drug treatment.

The investigation on the interactions of inter family children with ADHD attention deficit/hyperactive, indicating that the families of these children may have a difficulty in relationship with each other [15] . Usually, these children are born in unusual families and they have been reported psychological problems in these families. In studying the interaction between parents and children in families of children with attention deficit disorder/ hyperactivity in Iran has shown that these parents use styles of authoritarian and autocratic more than normal parents of [16] .

Parents who have less confidence use more punitive approach and have less warm relationships with their children [17] . Also the study on children the with personality disorder attention deficit /hyperactivity parents indicated that there is stress imposed relations authority depression, limitations, high failure and low capacity [18] in their relationships. Research shows that most of the damage that can be seen in the relationship between parents and children with attention deficit disorder/hyperactivity is behavioral problems in communication between parents, as well as of children with ADHD.

So, today, according to new research and effective treatment strategies, especially in explaining the etiology of attention deficit disorder/hyperactivity level of parental behavior has been determined that the interaction between parents of children with this disorder, is a very important issue that should not be neglected by researchers and practitioners

So today psychological therapy and skills training, behavior management and stresses that emphasizes on parents and children in the treatment of this disorder is often a priority and is useful [19] .

6. Conclusions

Hence, due to the mentioned introduction of the importance of family and family engagement in children with attention deficit disorder/hyperactivity disorder and its impact on children’s behavior, the results of this research can be justified.

In line with the results of this study, counselors give parents’ life skills in the form of poster or presentation to parents so that clinical and behavioral problems can be prevented in children.

Limitations and Implications

1) Lack of sincere cooperation of parents of children with Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in the treatment and assessment of the limitations of this study;

2) Lack of cooperation of some parents that this study was conducted, resulting in the interruption of the process have been investigated;

3) The results can be used by psychologists and therapists hyperactivity disorder.


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